Background and aims: Fostering patient's self-managing of basal insulin therapy could improve glucose control, by removing patient's and physician's barriers to basal insulin initiation, titration and glucose monitoring. The Italian Titration Approaches Study (ITAS) aims at demonstrating non-inferiority (<0.3% margin) in efficacy of glucose control (change in glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] after 24 weeks) by the same titration algorithm of insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300), managed by the (nurse assisted) patient versus the physician, in insulin naive patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), uncontrolled with previous treatments.Methods and results: ITAS is a phase IV, 24-week, national, multicenter, open label, randomized (1:1) parallel group study. 458 patients were enrolled, 359 randomized, and 339 completed the study, in 46 Italian centers. Baseline characteristics and previous medications of the ITT population (N = 355) are reported. Mean +/- SD age, T2DM duration, HbA1c, FPG and BMI were 64.0 +/- 9.8 years, 11.6 +/- 7.6 years, 8.79 +/- 0.65%, 170.9 +/- 42.3 mg/dL, and 30.3 +/- 5.6 kg/m(2) , respectively. Vascular and metabolic disorders were most frequent (73.8% and 58.3%, respectively). More than 90% of patients were on metformin.Conclusion: ITAS is the first study to compare two different managers (nurse-assisted patient vs physician) of the same titration algorithm of Gla-300 in insulin naive patients with T2DM in unsatisfactory glucose control. This study might provide novel evidence on the efficacy/ Acronyms: effectiveness of patient-managed titration algorithm of Gla-300 in a pragmatic setting and may reduce barriers to basal insulin initiation and its titration. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University.
Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with insulin glargine 300 U/mL in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes: Design and population / Bonadonna, R. C.; Giaccari, A.; Buzzetti, R.; Aimaretti, G.; Cucinotta, D.; Avogaro, A.; Perseghin, G.; Larosa, M.; Bolli, G. B.; Fanelli, C. G.. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - 29:5(2019), pp. 496-503. [10.1016/j.numecd.2019.01.011]