OBJECTIVES This study investigated the differential regulation of circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and tested the hypothesis that a relative deficiency of ANP exists in a subgroup of patients with ADHF.BACKGROUND The endocrine heart releases the cardiac hormones ANP and BNP, which play a key role in cardiovascular (CV), renal, and metabolic homeostasis. In heart failure (HF), both plasma ANP and BNP are increased as a compensatory homeostatic response to myocardial overload.METHODS ANP and BNP concentrations were measured in a small group of patients with ADHF (n = 112). To support this study's goal, a total of 129 healthy subjects were prospectively recruited to establish contemporary normal values for ANP and BNP. Plasma 3',5'cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), ejection fraction (EF), and body mass index (BMI) were measured in these subjects.RESULTS In cases of ADHF, 74% of patients showed elevated ANP and BNP. Importantly, 26% of patients were characterized as having normal ANP (21% of this subgroup had normal ANP and elevated BNP). Cyclic GMP was lowest in the ADHF group with normal levels of ANP (p < 0.001), whereas BMI and EF were inversely related to ANP levels (p = 0.003).CONCLUSIONS Among a subgroup of patients hospitalized with ADHF, the presence of an ANP deficiency is consistent with a differential regulation of ANP and BNP and suggests the existence of a potentially compromised compensatory cardiac endocrine response. These findings have implications for the pathophysiology, diagnostics, and therapeutics of human HF. (C) 2019 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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