A singular limit of a FitzHugh–Nagumo system leads to a nonlocal geometric variational problem with periodic boundary conditions. We study the stationary lamellar set and give a criterion to select out the one with the lowest energy. Such an optimal structure is called a minimal lamella. While the empty set or the full torus is a global minimizer for appropriate parameter regimes, the minimal lamellae beat both in other circumstances. The concept of minimal lamella points out that a preferred 1D mesh size is universal.
Minimal lamellar structures in a periodic FitzHugh–Nagumo system / Acerbi, E.; Chen, C. -N.; Choi, Y. -S.. - In: NONLINEAR ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0362-546X. - 194(2019). [10.1016/j.na.2019.01.026]