Shape-adaptive or morphing capability in both aerospace structures and wind turbine blade design is regarded as significant to increase aerodynamic performance and simplify mechanisms by reducing the number of moving parts. The underlying bistable behavior of asymmetric cross-ply composites makes them a suitable candidate for morphing applications. To date, various theoretical and experiential studies have been carried out to understand and predict the bistable behavior of asymmetric laminates and especially the curvature obtained in their stable configurations. However, when the bi-stable composite plate is integrated with shape memory alloy wires to control the curvature and to snap from a stable configuration to the other (shape memory alloy composite, SMAC), the identification of the design parameters, namely laminate edge length, ply thickness and ply orientation, is not straightforward. The aim of this article is to present the formulation of an optimization problem for the parameters of an asymmetric composite laminate integrated with pre-stressed shape memory alloys (SMA) wires under bi-stability and a minimum deflection requirement. Wires are modeled as an additional ply placed at the mid-plane of the composite host plate. The optimization problem is solved numerically in MATLAB and optimal design variables are then used to model the SMAC in ABAQUSTM. Finite element results are compared against numerical results for validation.
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