Donor-specific (d-sp) interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (d-sp ELISPOT) and Panel of reactive T-cell (PRT) ELISPOT assays have been developed to detect alloreactive memory T (Tmem) cells in order to estimate the risk of acute rejection after kidney transplantation. Adding IL15 to the PRT assay (PRT+IL15) may uncover the presence of pathogenic alloreactive CD28-Tmem. Face-to-face comparisons of these assays have not been done yet. We performed pre-transplant d-sp ELISPOT and PRT assays (±IL15, against six B-cell lines) in 168 consecutive kidney transplant recipients and evaluated the multivariable-adjusted associations with biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA), and eGFR decline over a 48-month follow-up period. D-sp ELISPOT was positive in 81 (48%) subjects, while 71 (42%) and 81 (48%) subjects displayed positive PRT and PRT+IL15, respectively. Their median [interquartile range] numerical test result was 23 [6–65], 18 [8–37], and 26 [10–45] spots/3x105 PBMCs, respectively. The number of PRT spots were weakly correlated with those of d-sp ELISPOT, but highly correlated with PRT+IL15 (rho = 0.96, P<0.001). d-sp ELISPOT, but not PRT (±IL15) was independently associated with BPAR (adjusted Odds Ratio of BPAR associated with d-sp ELISPOT positivity: 4.20 [95%CI: 1.06 to 21.73; P = 0.041]). Unlike d-sp ELISPOT, median PRT and PRT+IL15 were independently associated with higher Δ3-48month eGFR decline post-transplantation (for both assays, about -3mL/min/1.73m2 per one standard deviation unit increase in the spot number). Pre-transplant T-cell immune-monitoring using d-sp ELISPOT and PRT assays identifies kidney transplant candidates at high risk of BPAR and worse kidney allograft progression.

Impact of preformed T-cell alloreactivity by means of donor-specific and panel of reactive T cells (PRT) ELISPOT in kidney transplantation / Gandolfini, Ilaria; Crespo, Elena; Baweja, Mukta; Jarque, Marta; Donadei, Chiara; Luque, Sergio; Montero, Núria; Allesina, Anna; Perin, Laura; Maggiore, Umberto; Cravedi, Paolo; Bestard, Oriol. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 13:7(2018), p. e0200696. [10.1371/journal.pone.0200696]

Impact of preformed T-cell alloreactivity by means of donor-specific and panel of reactive T cells (PRT) ELISPOT in kidney transplantation

Gandolfini, Ilaria;Maggiore, Umberto;Cravedi, Paolo;
2018

Abstract

Donor-specific (d-sp) interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (d-sp ELISPOT) and Panel of reactive T-cell (PRT) ELISPOT assays have been developed to detect alloreactive memory T (Tmem) cells in order to estimate the risk of acute rejection after kidney transplantation. Adding IL15 to the PRT assay (PRT+IL15) may uncover the presence of pathogenic alloreactive CD28-Tmem. Face-to-face comparisons of these assays have not been done yet. We performed pre-transplant d-sp ELISPOT and PRT assays (±IL15, against six B-cell lines) in 168 consecutive kidney transplant recipients and evaluated the multivariable-adjusted associations with biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA), and eGFR decline over a 48-month follow-up period. D-sp ELISPOT was positive in 81 (48%) subjects, while 71 (42%) and 81 (48%) subjects displayed positive PRT and PRT+IL15, respectively. Their median [interquartile range] numerical test result was 23 [6–65], 18 [8–37], and 26 [10–45] spots/3x105 PBMCs, respectively. The number of PRT spots were weakly correlated with those of d-sp ELISPOT, but highly correlated with PRT+IL15 (rho = 0.96, P<0.001). d-sp ELISPOT, but not PRT (±IL15) was independently associated with BPAR (adjusted Odds Ratio of BPAR associated with d-sp ELISPOT positivity: 4.20 [95%CI: 1.06 to 21.73; P = 0.041]). Unlike d-sp ELISPOT, median PRT and PRT+IL15 were independently associated with higher Δ3-48month eGFR decline post-transplantation (for both assays, about -3mL/min/1.73m2 per one standard deviation unit increase in the spot number). Pre-transplant T-cell immune-monitoring using d-sp ELISPOT and PRT assays identifies kidney transplant candidates at high risk of BPAR and worse kidney allograft progression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2857887
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