Metabolic risk factors of cardiovascular disease such as abnormal glucose regulation, obesity and metabolic syndrome, dyslipidaemia, metabolic bone disease, hyperuricaemia and other less traditional abnormalities are common in both kidney transplant candidates and recipients. In kidney transplant candidates, the presence of these risk factors may impede patient access to transplantation by increasing the risk of developing comorbidities while on the waiting list, prolonging the time to wait-listing and, in some patients, eventually jeopardizing their suitability for kidney transplantation or increasing the risk of severe perioperative complications. In transplant recipients, metabolic risk factors may be associated with increased mortality with a functioning graft and with reduced long-term renal graft survival. Although most transplant recipients have no contraindication to the use of drugs that undergo renal excretion, they may be at risk of drugto- drug pharmacokinetic interactions with anti-rejection medicines. In this review, we have highlighted the main objectives of evaluating the metabolic abnormalities in transplant candidates and recipients, how this evaluation should be carried out in practice and what currently the most valuable treatment strategies are for modifying the associated risks. We conclude that, for every potential transplant candidate, every effort should be made to control metabolic abnormalities causing arterial calcification, which may impede access to transplantation and impair transplant outcome. In transplant recipients, metabolic abnormalities that result from adverse effects of anti-rejection therapy may be effectively controlled by lifestyle changes and judicious use of drugs for the treatment of abnormal glucose metabolism and dyslipidaemia.

Metabolic risk profile in kidney transplant candidates and recipients / Piotti, Giovanni; Gandolfini, Ilaria; Palmisano, Alessandra; Maggiore, Umberto. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0931-0509. - 34:3(2019), pp. 388-400. [10.1093/ndt/gfy151]

Metabolic risk profile in kidney transplant candidates and recipients

Piotti, Giovanni;Gandolfini, Ilaria;Palmisano, Alessandra;Maggiore, Umberto
2019-01-01

Abstract

Metabolic risk factors of cardiovascular disease such as abnormal glucose regulation, obesity and metabolic syndrome, dyslipidaemia, metabolic bone disease, hyperuricaemia and other less traditional abnormalities are common in both kidney transplant candidates and recipients. In kidney transplant candidates, the presence of these risk factors may impede patient access to transplantation by increasing the risk of developing comorbidities while on the waiting list, prolonging the time to wait-listing and, in some patients, eventually jeopardizing their suitability for kidney transplantation or increasing the risk of severe perioperative complications. In transplant recipients, metabolic risk factors may be associated with increased mortality with a functioning graft and with reduced long-term renal graft survival. Although most transplant recipients have no contraindication to the use of drugs that undergo renal excretion, they may be at risk of drugto- drug pharmacokinetic interactions with anti-rejection medicines. In this review, we have highlighted the main objectives of evaluating the metabolic abnormalities in transplant candidates and recipients, how this evaluation should be carried out in practice and what currently the most valuable treatment strategies are for modifying the associated risks. We conclude that, for every potential transplant candidate, every effort should be made to control metabolic abnormalities causing arterial calcification, which may impede access to transplantation and impair transplant outcome. In transplant recipients, metabolic abnormalities that result from adverse effects of anti-rejection therapy may be effectively controlled by lifestyle changes and judicious use of drugs for the treatment of abnormal glucose metabolism and dyslipidaemia.
Metabolic risk profile in kidney transplant candidates and recipients / Piotti, Giovanni; Gandolfini, Ilaria; Palmisano, Alessandra; Maggiore, Umberto. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0931-0509. - 34:3(2019), pp. 388-400. [10.1093/ndt/gfy151]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2856784
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