AIMS: Triple valve surgery (TVS) may still be considered a challenge in cardiac surgery, and is still associated with a not negligible mortality and morbidity. This study analyzed retrospectively patients' data from RERIC (Registro Regionale degli Interventi Cardiochirurgici) registry, to evaluate early and mid-term results of TVS. METHODS: From April 2002 to December 2013, data from n = 44 211 cardiac surgical procedures were collected from six Cardiac Surgery Departments (RERIC). Two hundred and eighty patients undergoing TVS were identified, including aortic and mitral replacement with tricuspid repair in 211 patients (75.3%), aortic replacement with mitral and tricuspid repair in 64 (22.9%) and triple valve replacement in 5 (1.8%). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of overall mortality or adverse outcomes. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 67.5 ± 12.2. Overall in-hospital mortality rate was 7.9%: in-hospital mortality was 10.9% in mitral valve repair and 6.6% in mitral valve replacement, respectively. Tricuspid valve replacement was associated with the highest mortality rate (40%). Independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were serum creatinine greater than 2 mg/dl [odds ratio (OR) 4.5; P = 0.03], concomitant coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (OR 3.8; P = 0.01) and previous cardiac surgery (OR 5.1; P = 0.04). Overall cumulative mortality rate at 1, 3 and 5 years was 14.7, 24.1 and 28.9%, respectively. Mitral valve replacement associated with tricuspid valve repair showed better survival rate (hazard ratio 0.1; P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: TVS has demonstrated satisfactory results in terms of in-hospital and mid-term mortality rate. Renal failure, reoperations and concomitant CABG resulted as risk factors for mortality; moreover, we could not demonstrate a mid-term better survival rate of mitral valve repair compared with the replacement.
Triple valve surgery: results from a multicenter experience / Leone, A; Fortuna, D; Gabbieri, D; Nicolini, F; Contini, Ga; Pigini, F; Zussa, C; De Palma, R; Di Bartolomeo, R; Pacini, D. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1558-2027. - 19:7(2018), pp. 382-388. [10.2459/JCM.0000000000000665]
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