During action observation, several visual features of observed actions can modulate the level of sensorimotor reactivity in the onlooker. Among possibly relevant parameters, one of the less investigated in humans is the visual perspective from which actions are observed. In the present EEG study, we assessed the reactivity of alpha and beta mu rhythm subcomponents to four different visual perspectives, defined by the position of the observer relative to the moving agent (identifying first-person, third-person and lateral viewpoints) and by the anatomical compatibility of observed effectors with self- or other individual’s body (identifying ego- and allo-centric viewpoints, respectively). Overall, the strongest sensorimotor responsiveness emerged for first-person perspective. Furthermore, we found different patterns of perspective-dependent reactivity in rolandic alpha and beta ranges, with the former tuned to visuospatial details of observed actions and the latter tuned to action-related parameters (such as the direction of actions relative to the observer), suggesting a higher recruitment of beta motor rhythm in face-to-face interactions. The impact of these findings on the selection of most effective action stimuli for “Action Observation Treatment” neurorehabilitative protocols is discussed.
Perspective-dependent reactivity of sensorimotor mu rhythm in alpha and beta ranges during action observation: an EEG study / Angelini, Monica; Fabbri-Destro, Maddalena; Lopomo, Nicola Francesco; Gobbo, Massimiliano; Rizzolatti, Giacomo; Avanzini, Pietro. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), p. 12429. [10.1038/s41598-018-30912-w]
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