The real diffusion of laparoscopy for the treatment of colorectal diseases in Italy is largely unknown. The main purpose of the present study is to investigate among surgeons dedicated to minimally invasive surgery, the volume of laparoscopic colorectal procedures, the type of operation performed in comparison to traditional approach, the indication for surgery (benign and malignant) and to evaluate the different types of technologies used. A structured questionnaire was developed in collaboration with an international market research institute and the survey was published online; invitation to participate to the survey was issued among the members of the Italian Society of Endoscopic Surgery (SICE). 211 surgeons working in 57 surgical departments in Italy fulfilled and answered the online survey. A total of 6357 colorectal procedures were recorded during the year 2015 of which 4104 (64.1%) were performed using a minimally invasive approach. Colon and rectal cancer were the most common indications for laparoscopic approach (83.1%). Left colectomy was the operation most commonly performed (41.8%), while rectal resection accounted for 23.5% of the cases. Overall conversion rate was 5.9% (242/4104). Full HD standard technology was available and routinely used in all the responders' centers. The proportion of colorectal resections that are carried out laparoscopically in dedicated centers has now reached valuable levels with a low conversion rate.
SICE national survey: current state on the adoption of laparoscopic approach to the treatment of colorectal disease in Italy / Elmore, Ugo; Vignali, Andrea; Rosati, Riccardo; Valeri, Andrea; Silecchia, Gianfranco; Violi, V. - In: UPDATES IN SURGERY. - ISSN 2038-131X. - 71:1(2019), pp. 77-81. [10.1007/s13304-018-0606-5]
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