Litter decomposition is an ecosystem process that is regulated by a multitude of factors and by their complex interactions. Current decomposition paradigms do not always offer a coherent view of the process because it can be hardly understood without a thorough analysis of interacting factors. Thus, there is a need to further understand the mechanics of litter decay with a comprehensive approach, especially in temperate forest ecosystems where decomposition plays a crucial role in regulating them as source or sink of CO2. Therefore, the aim of this work was to identify the interactions between chemical, biological and soil fauna variables in order to discern driving variables and the changes in their interactions during long-time (1300 days) beech leaf litter decomposition. In order to investigate patterns of variation and co-variation within and between datasets, we used Two-block Partial Least Squares, helping us to interpret the decomposition process with a systemic approach. Our key findings showed that the decomposition process of beech litter in two Mediterranean forests was driven by litter quality at the beginning and in the later stages of decomposition, while edaphic and climatic factors were implied in the central steps, with a dramatic change of scenario around 2.5 years. Simultaneous and interacting changes in chemical variables, extracellular enzyme activities, and soil fauna were shown, with a significant role of lignocellulosic components and enzymes involved in their degradation, Mn residual weight, and abundance of Collembola.

Integrating chemical, biological and soil fauna variables during beech leaf litter decay: A partial least squares approach for a comprehensive view of the decomposition process / Innangi, Michele; Menta, Cristina; Pinto, Stefania; Danise, Tiziana; d'Alessandro, Francesco; Fioretto, Antonietta. - In: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0929-1393. - 130(2018), pp. 69-78. [10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.05.023]

Integrating chemical, biological and soil fauna variables during beech leaf litter decay: A partial least squares approach for a comprehensive view of the decomposition process

Menta, Cristina;Pinto, Stefania;
2018

Abstract

Litter decomposition is an ecosystem process that is regulated by a multitude of factors and by their complex interactions. Current decomposition paradigms do not always offer a coherent view of the process because it can be hardly understood without a thorough analysis of interacting factors. Thus, there is a need to further understand the mechanics of litter decay with a comprehensive approach, especially in temperate forest ecosystems where decomposition plays a crucial role in regulating them as source or sink of CO2. Therefore, the aim of this work was to identify the interactions between chemical, biological and soil fauna variables in order to discern driving variables and the changes in their interactions during long-time (1300 days) beech leaf litter decomposition. In order to investigate patterns of variation and co-variation within and between datasets, we used Two-block Partial Least Squares, helping us to interpret the decomposition process with a systemic approach. Our key findings showed that the decomposition process of beech litter in two Mediterranean forests was driven by litter quality at the beginning and in the later stages of decomposition, while edaphic and climatic factors were implied in the central steps, with a dramatic change of scenario around 2.5 years. Simultaneous and interacting changes in chemical variables, extracellular enzyme activities, and soil fauna were shown, with a significant role of lignocellulosic components and enzymes involved in their degradation, Mn residual weight, and abundance of Collembola.
Integrating chemical, biological and soil fauna variables during beech leaf litter decay: A partial least squares approach for a comprehensive view of the decomposition process / Innangi, Michele; Menta, Cristina; Pinto, Stefania; Danise, Tiziana; d'Alessandro, Francesco; Fioretto, Antonietta. - In: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0929-1393. - 130(2018), pp. 69-78. [10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.05.023]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2852424
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