The New Caledonia Ophiolite hosts one of the largest obducted mantle sections worldwide, offering a unique opportunity to investigate key mantle processes. The mantle section is dominated by a harzburgite-dunite sequence but it also includes minor spl and pl lherzolites. Geochemical data indicate that the harzburgites suffered multiple melting episodes followed by localized interaction with fluids in a supra-subduction zone setting, while the lherzolites are akin to abyssal-type peridotites (Secchiari et al., 2016). In order to constrain how these processes affected the behaviour of highly siderophile (HSE: PGE=Os-Ir-Ru-Rh-Pt-Pd+Au-Re) and chalcophile elements (S-Se-Te), a set of fully characterised peridotites (major, trace element, Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes) has been studied. The lherzolites are slightly serpentinized and display chondritic to slightly suprachondritic 187Os/188Osi (0.1273-0.1329 at 53 Ma). The gently sloping HSE patterns with increasing depletion towards Au are similar to other oceanic or continental lherzolites. These features were inherited from sulphide melt-silicate partitioning during partial melting, melt infiltration and mixing of different generation of sulphides. S contents (202-1268 ppm) were likely increased by serpentinization, whereas Se/Te are similar to other lherzolites. The harzburgites can be grouped in two sub-types. Type-A (+9.3≤Ndi≤+13.3) have subchondritic 187Os/188Osi (0.1203-0.1254), low Os (0.55-1.51 ppb) and very low Re/Os. Their HSE patterns display strong fractionations, enriched Os-Ir-Ru segments and Pt-Au positive spikes. S-Se-Te are often below the detection limit. These patterns can be ascribed to high melting degrees, leading to sulphide exhaustion and PGE alloys stabilization. Type-B harzburgites (-0.8≤Ndi≤+4.0) show chondritic to suprachondritic measured 187Os/188Os (0.1273-0.1524), notably low Os-Ir contents (0.003-0.277 ppb) and highly variable 187Re/188Os (2-30). The “melt-like” HSE patterns exhibit strongly fractionated Os-Ir-Ru (OsN/RuN=0.02-0.46), negative Pt anomalies and positive Au spikes. S-Se-Te are close to or below the detection limit. We interpret these compositions as reflecting localized modification of type-A harzburgites by subduction-related fluids and/or hydrous melts, leading to partial destabilization of Os-Ir rich alloys due to high fO2. Our work suggests that some of the features shown by arc lavas (e.g., positive Pt spikes) may mirror the geochemical signature of the sub-arc mantle. REFERENCES Secchiari, A., Montanini, A., Bosch, D., Macera, P., Cluzel, D. (2016): Melt extraction and enrichment processes in the New Caledonia lherzolites: Evidence from geochemical and Sr–Nd isotope data. Lithos, 260, 28-43

Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope investigation of the New Caledonia harzburgite: unravelling the evolution of a sub-arc mantle source / Secchiari, A.; Montanini, A.; Bosch, D.; Macera, P.; Cluzel, D.. - In: PLINIUS. - ISSN 1972-1366. - (2018).

Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope investigation of the New Caledonia harzburgite: unravelling the evolution of a sub-arc mantle source

Secchiari A.;Montanini A.;
2018

Abstract

The New Caledonia Ophiolite hosts one of the largest obducted mantle sections worldwide, offering a unique opportunity to investigate key mantle processes. The mantle section is dominated by a harzburgite-dunite sequence but it also includes minor spl and pl lherzolites. Geochemical data indicate that the harzburgites suffered multiple melting episodes followed by localized interaction with fluids in a supra-subduction zone setting, while the lherzolites are akin to abyssal-type peridotites (Secchiari et al., 2016). In order to constrain how these processes affected the behaviour of highly siderophile (HSE: PGE=Os-Ir-Ru-Rh-Pt-Pd+Au-Re) and chalcophile elements (S-Se-Te), a set of fully characterised peridotites (major, trace element, Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes) has been studied. The lherzolites are slightly serpentinized and display chondritic to slightly suprachondritic 187Os/188Osi (0.1273-0.1329 at 53 Ma). The gently sloping HSE patterns with increasing depletion towards Au are similar to other oceanic or continental lherzolites. These features were inherited from sulphide melt-silicate partitioning during partial melting, melt infiltration and mixing of different generation of sulphides. S contents (202-1268 ppm) were likely increased by serpentinization, whereas Se/Te are similar to other lherzolites. The harzburgites can be grouped in two sub-types. Type-A (+9.3≤Ndi≤+13.3) have subchondritic 187Os/188Osi (0.1203-0.1254), low Os (0.55-1.51 ppb) and very low Re/Os. Their HSE patterns display strong fractionations, enriched Os-Ir-Ru segments and Pt-Au positive spikes. S-Se-Te are often below the detection limit. These patterns can be ascribed to high melting degrees, leading to sulphide exhaustion and PGE alloys stabilization. Type-B harzburgites (-0.8≤Ndi≤+4.0) show chondritic to suprachondritic measured 187Os/188Os (0.1273-0.1524), notably low Os-Ir contents (0.003-0.277 ppb) and highly variable 187Re/188Os (2-30). The “melt-like” HSE patterns exhibit strongly fractionated Os-Ir-Ru (OsN/RuN=0.02-0.46), negative Pt anomalies and positive Au spikes. S-Se-Te are close to or below the detection limit. We interpret these compositions as reflecting localized modification of type-A harzburgites by subduction-related fluids and/or hydrous melts, leading to partial destabilization of Os-Ir rich alloys due to high fO2. Our work suggests that some of the features shown by arc lavas (e.g., positive Pt spikes) may mirror the geochemical signature of the sub-arc mantle. REFERENCES Secchiari, A., Montanini, A., Bosch, D., Macera, P., Cluzel, D. (2016): Melt extraction and enrichment processes in the New Caledonia lherzolites: Evidence from geochemical and Sr–Nd isotope data. Lithos, 260, 28-43
Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope investigation of the New Caledonia harzburgite: unravelling the evolution of a sub-arc mantle source / Secchiari, A.; Montanini, A.; Bosch, D.; Macera, P.; Cluzel, D.. - In: PLINIUS. - ISSN 1972-1366. - (2018).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2851152
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