Silicon nanowire chips can function as sensors for cancer DNA detection, whereby selective functionalization of the Si sensing areas over the surrounding silicon oxide would prevent loss of analyte and thus increase the sensitivity. The thermal hydrosilylation of unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds onto H-terminated Si has been studied here to selectively functionalize the Si nanowires with a monolayer of 1,8-nonadiyne. The silicon oxide areas, however, appeared to be functionalized as well. The selectivity toward the Si-H regions was increased by introducing an extra HF treatment after the 1,8-nonadiyne monolayer formation. This step (partly) removed the monolayer from the silicon oxide regions, whereas the Si-C bonds at the Si areas remained intact. The alkyne headgroups of immobilized 1,8-nonadiyne were functionalized with PNA probes by coupling azido-PNA and thiol-PNA by click chemistry and thiol-yne chemistry, respectively. Although both functionalization routes were successful, hybridization could only be detected on the samples with thiol-PNA. No fluorescence was observed when introducing dye-labeled noncomplementary DNA, which indicates specific DNA hybridization. These results open up the possibilities for creating Si nanowire-based DNA sensors with improved selectivity and sensitivity.
Selective Functionalization with PNA of Silicon Nanowires on Silicon Oxide Substrates / Janneke, Veerbeek; Raymond, Steen; Wouter, Vijselaar; Frederik Rurup, W.; Korom, Sasa; Rozzi, Andrea; Corradini, Roberto; Loes, Segerink; and Jurriaan Huskens,. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 34:38(2018), pp. 11395-11404. [10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b02401]
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