The objective of this work was to study in vitro propranolol permeation and skin retention after topical application of different semisolid vehicles, with the final aim of developing new topical formulations intended for the treatment of infantile hemangioma, able to produce therapeutic drug levels in the skin, avoiding systemic absorption. Propranolol ointments, creams, and gels were prepared and tested on pig skin, an accepted model of human skin. From the results obtained in the present work it is clear that the permeation of propranolol across the skin is a poor predictor of its skin retention, at least in the time-frame considered. With an application time of 4 h, reasonably close to the permanence time of a semisolid formulation on the skin surface, the best performance (high retention and low skin penetration) was obtained with lipophilic formulations, in particular with a lipophilic cream containing olive oil. Hydrophilic formulations, such as gels, are characterized by a significant permeation across the skin, probably leading to systemic side effects, accompanied by a limited skin retention. Overall, the results obtained in the present work pose the basis for the development of new topical formulations, containing propranolol, with better performance and reduced systemic absorption.

The Influence of Formulation and Excipients on Propranolol Skin Permeation and Retention / Padula, Cristina; Nicoli, Sara; Pescina, Silvia; Santi, Patrizia. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6133. - 2018:Art. 1281673(2018), pp. 1-7. [10.1155/2018/1281673]

The Influence of Formulation and Excipients on Propranolol Skin Permeation and Retention

Padula, Cristina;Nicoli, Sara;Pescina, Silvia;Santi, Patrizia
2018

Abstract

The objective of this work was to study in vitro propranolol permeation and skin retention after topical application of different semisolid vehicles, with the final aim of developing new topical formulations intended for the treatment of infantile hemangioma, able to produce therapeutic drug levels in the skin, avoiding systemic absorption. Propranolol ointments, creams, and gels were prepared and tested on pig skin, an accepted model of human skin. From the results obtained in the present work it is clear that the permeation of propranolol across the skin is a poor predictor of its skin retention, at least in the time-frame considered. With an application time of 4 h, reasonably close to the permanence time of a semisolid formulation on the skin surface, the best performance (high retention and low skin penetration) was obtained with lipophilic formulations, in particular with a lipophilic cream containing olive oil. Hydrophilic formulations, such as gels, are characterized by a significant permeation across the skin, probably leading to systemic side effects, accompanied by a limited skin retention. Overall, the results obtained in the present work pose the basis for the development of new topical formulations, containing propranolol, with better performance and reduced systemic absorption.
The Influence of Formulation and Excipients on Propranolol Skin Permeation and Retention / Padula, Cristina; Nicoli, Sara; Pescina, Silvia; Santi, Patrizia. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6133. - 2018:Art. 1281673(2018), pp. 1-7. [10.1155/2018/1281673]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2849211
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