The present study focuses on the assembly of organo-cations with organo-anions in water. The anions, characterized by symmetric moieties (carbon-, adamantane-, or calixarene-based) functionalized with directional hydrogen bond (HB) acceptor functions (tetra-sulfonate moieties), are combined with planar guanidinium or terephtalimidamide cations as hydrogen bond donors, the purpose being to integrate water molecules into the lattice. The imbalance between the charge on the two components, and the considerable number of HB donor and acceptor sites, promotes the insertion of water into the structures. In the reported structures, a part of the water molecules serves as a structural linker between the anions and cations, while the remaining molecules cluster into channels and cavities in a loose association with the supramolecular matrix framework.
Multifunctional Organosulfonate Anions Self-Assembled with Organic Cations by Charge-Assisted Hydrogen Bonds and the Cooperation of Water / Xing, Guolong; Bassanetti, Irene; Ben, Teng; Bracco, Silvia; Sozzani, Piero Ernesto; Marchiò, Luciano; Comotti, Angiolina. - In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN. - ISSN 1528-7483. - 18:4(2018), pp. 2082-2092. [10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01538]