Electroactive polymers with time dependent behavior are considered in the present paper by way of a new physic-based micromechanical model; such viscoelastic response is described by the internal evolution of the polymer network, providing a new viewpoint on the stress relaxation occurring in elastomers. The main peculiarity of such internally rearranging materials is their capacity to locally reset their reference stress-free state, leading to a mechanical behavior that relaxes out (eases off) an induced stress state and that can thus be assimilated to a sort of internal self-healing process. Such high deformability and recoverability displayed by dynamically cross-linked polymers can be conveniently exploited when they are coupled in electro-mechanical problems; the deformation induced by an electric field can be easily tuned by the intensity of the electric field itself and the obtained shape can be maintained without any electric influence once the material microstructure has rearranged after a sufficient curing time. In the present paper both features of the polymeric material, i.e. internal remodeling and electro-mechanical coupled response, are considered and a theoretical framework is established to simulate representative boundary value problems.
A PHYSICS–BASED MICROMECHANICAL MODEL FOR ELECTROACTIVE VISCO-ELASTIC POLYMERS / Brighenti, Roberto; Andreas, Menzel; Vernerey, Franck. - In: JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES. - ISSN 1045-389X. - 29:14(2018), pp. 2902-2918. [10.1177/1045389X18781036]
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