Health is a fundamental human right. The World Health Organization defines it as a “state of complete physical, psychological and social well - being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. The health of individuals, however, is also linked to the environment in which they live and especially to their ability to adapt and integrate into their life context. The relationship with the environment is extremely important because it is that interaction that outlines the concept of normality compared to pathology. Such normality needs to be contextualised by gender, geographical origin and by the individuals’ living conditions: as a matter of fact, what is normal for a young person may differ from what is normal for a senior one. That is to say, the concept of health is indeed relative and it is the result of an interesting evolution of the concept of illness. From the first approaches -dealing with the mere treatment of the symptoms - to the promise of a free-from-pain society, science and economics have played a significant role in redefining the dualism health/ illness. The article reflects on these two concepts, health and illness, in history and nowadays, and discusses the future of the medical science.

Health and illness in history, science and society / Rovesti, Miriam; Fioranelli, Massimo; Petrelli, Paola; Satolli, Francesca; Roccia, Maria Grazia; Gianfaldoni, Serena; Tchernev, Georgi; Wollina, Uwe; Lotti, Jacopo; Feliciani, Claudio; Lotti, Torello. - In: OPEN ACCESS MACEDONIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1857-9655. - 6:1(2018), pp. 163-165. [10.3889/oamjms.2018.056]

Health and illness in history, science and society

Rovesti, Miriam;Satolli, Francesca;Feliciani, Claudio;
2018

Abstract

Health is a fundamental human right. The World Health Organization defines it as a “state of complete physical, psychological and social well - being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. The health of individuals, however, is also linked to the environment in which they live and especially to their ability to adapt and integrate into their life context. The relationship with the environment is extremely important because it is that interaction that outlines the concept of normality compared to pathology. Such normality needs to be contextualised by gender, geographical origin and by the individuals’ living conditions: as a matter of fact, what is normal for a young person may differ from what is normal for a senior one. That is to say, the concept of health is indeed relative and it is the result of an interesting evolution of the concept of illness. From the first approaches -dealing with the mere treatment of the symptoms - to the promise of a free-from-pain society, science and economics have played a significant role in redefining the dualism health/ illness. The article reflects on these two concepts, health and illness, in history and nowadays, and discusses the future of the medical science.
Health and illness in history, science and society / Rovesti, Miriam; Fioranelli, Massimo; Petrelli, Paola; Satolli, Francesca; Roccia, Maria Grazia; Gianfaldoni, Serena; Tchernev, Georgi; Wollina, Uwe; Lotti, Jacopo; Feliciani, Claudio; Lotti, Torello. - In: OPEN ACCESS MACEDONIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1857-9655. - 6:1(2018), pp. 163-165. [10.3889/oamjms.2018.056]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2845736
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