The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of short and long-term treatment with famotidine 40 mg/daily at bed time in duodenal ulcer disease. 45 patients with endoscopically proven active duodenal ulcer undertaken the study. Endoscopic evaluations were performed at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months from the start of the study. The following parameters were evaluated: pepsinogen group I and gastrin levels in serum, pH, acid and neutral glycoprotein, N-acetylneuraminic acid, pepsin in gastric juice collected during the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. 6 weeks healing rate was 91.1%. After the third month of follow-up 14.2% of the patients presented an endoscopical proven episode of relapse. No relapses were observed at the end of the study (after 6 months of treatment). Acid glycoprotein, N- acetylneuraminic acid and pepsin concentrations significantly decreased after 6 weeks of treatment (p less than 0.0125, p less than 0.025, p less than 0.005 respectively), while serum levels of pepsinogen group I, gastrin and gastric pH increased (p less than 0.0005, p less than 0.005, p less than 0.025). After 6 months period of therapy, a significant increase of neutral glycoproteins (p less than 0.01) and a decrease of pepsin (p less than 0.005) and acid glycoproteins (p less than 0.01) was observed. On the contrary, gastric N- acetylneuraminic acid, pH, serum gastrin and pepsinogen group I presented the pre-trial values.
[Famotidine in the short and long term treatment of duodenal ulcer: clinical and physiopathologic study] / Vio, A; Pasqualetti, P; Gottardello, L; Grassi, S A; Vianello, F; Dal Santo, L; Tessaro, P; Di Mario, F; Naccarato, R. - In: GIORNALE DI CLINICA MEDICA. - ISSN 0017-0275. - 70:3(1989), p. 195-201.
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