The endoscopic diagnosis of chronic atrophic gastritis is often underestimated, and most of the procedures adopted to increase diagnostic accuracy are time consuming and complex. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of the determination of gastric juice pH by means of litmus paper. Values obtained by this method correlate well with gastric acid secretory capacity as measured by gastric acid analysis (r = â0.64, p < 0.001) and are not affected by the presence of bile. Gastric juice pH determination increases sensitivity and other diagnostic parameters such as performance index (Youden J test), positive predictive value, and post-test probability difference by 50%. Furthermore, the negative predictive value is very high, the probability of missing a patient with chronic atrophic gastritis with this simple method being 2% for fundic and 15% for antral atrophic change. We conclude that gastric juice pH determination, which substantially increases diagnostic accuracy and is very simple to perform, should be routinely adopted. Â© 1987, American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. All rights reserved.
Perendoscopic gastric pH determination: Simple method for increasing accuracy in diagnosing chronic atrophic gastritis / Farinati, F.; Cardin, F.; Di Mario, F.; Sava, G. A.; Piccoli, A.; Costa, F.; Penon, G.; Naccarato, R.. - In: GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY. - ISSN 0016-5107. - 33:4(1987), pp. 293-297. [10.1016/S0016-5107(87)71601-0]
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