Tryptase, a serine endoprotease, was determined in mucosal biopsies from fundus, corpus, antrum and corpus-fundus of the stomach and from the duodenum in 15 controls, 66 patients with duodenal ulcer, 22 with gastric ulcer and 9 with duodenitis. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation ranged from 3.3% to 8.0% and from 3.5% to 8.6%, respectively. In controls, the highest values for tryptase were found in the fundus and progressively decreased in the corpus, antrum and duodenum. Analysis of variance of data from repeated measurements, performed in six subjects having multiple determinations, achieved statistical significance (F = 16.85, P < 0.001). Data from the corpus-fundus area documented a significant difference among patient groups (F = 2.70, P < 0.05). Patients with an active gastric ulcer had higher mean values when compared to controls and to patients with healed gastric ulcer. A similar trend was found in patients with active duodenal ulcer. Furthermore, corpus-fundus tryptase evaluated longitudinally in three patients with an active ulcer (point A) and after healing (point B), showed significant decrease from point A to point B. By contrast it remained elevated or showed only minor decrease in two patients with a persistent active ulcer. Â© 1992.
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