Gastric involvement was investigated in twenty Italian patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Gastric complaints were present in 11 cases (55%) and endoscopic abnormalities in 10 (50%) including 2 cases with active duodenal ulcer. Only two patients (10%) showed moderate chronic atrophic gastritis (AG), while most (85%) had superficial gastritis (SG). No correlations were found among endoscopy, histology and gastric symptoms. Mean serum group I pepsinogen (PG I) levels were significantly higher (p < 0.01) and PG I concentrations in the fundus of the stomach were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in pSS patients than in a matched control group of dyspeptic subjects. Serum and antral gastrin levels were elevated in 3 cases with pSS (15%) including the two with AG, although the mean levels were not different from the controls. Antibodies to gastric parietal cells (PCA) were detected in two cases (10%) including 1 with AG. The present study contradicts previous reports claiming that AG with hypopepsinogenemia is a prominent feature in Sjögren's syndrome. We suggest that, at least in Italian patients, pSS is often associated with SG and high PG I levels.
Gastric involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome / Ostuni, P A; Germana, B; Di Mario, F; Rugge, M; Plebani, M; De Zambiasi, P; Naccarato, R; Gambari, P F. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - 11:1(1993), p. 21-5.
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