The bilayer tableting technology is gaining more acceptance in the drug industry, due to its ability to improve the drug delivery strategies. It is currently assessed by the European Pharmacopoeia, that the mechanical strength of tablets can be evaluated using a diametral breaking tester. This device applies a force diametrically, and records the tablet breaking point. This approach has been used to measure the structural integrity of single layer tablets as well as bilayer (and multi-layer) tablets. The latter ones, however, have a much complex structure. Therefore, testing a bilayer tablet with the currently used breaking test methodology might not be appropriate. The aim of this work was to compare results from several tests that have been proposed to quantify the interfacial strength of bilayer tablets. The obtained results would provide an indication on which tests are appropriate to evaluate the robustness of a bilayer tablet. Bilayer tablets were fabricated using a model formulation: Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) for the first layer, and spray dried lactose (SDLac) as second layer. Each set of tablets were tested using the following tests: Diametral Test, Shear Test and Indentation Test. The tablets were examined before and after the breaking test using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). When a bilayer tablet was subjected to shearing or indentation, it showed signs of clear delamination. Differently, using the diametral test system, the tablets showed no clear difference, before and after the testing. However, when examining each layer via SEM, it was clear that a fracture occurred in the layer made of SDLac. Thus, the diametral test is a measure of the strength of one of the two layers and therefore it is not suited to test the mechanical strength of bilayer tablets.

Comparison of breaking tests for the characterization of the interfacial strength of bilayer tablets / Castrati, Luca; Mazel, Vincent; Busignies, Virginie; Diarra, Harona; Rossi, Alessandra; Colombo, Paolo; Tchoreloff, Pierre. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - 513:1-2(2016), pp. 709-716. [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.10.005]

Comparison of breaking tests for the characterization of the interfacial strength of bilayer tablets

Castrati, Luca;Rossi, Alessandra;Colombo, Paolo;
2016

Abstract

The bilayer tableting technology is gaining more acceptance in the drug industry, due to its ability to improve the drug delivery strategies. It is currently assessed by the European Pharmacopoeia, that the mechanical strength of tablets can be evaluated using a diametral breaking tester. This device applies a force diametrically, and records the tablet breaking point. This approach has been used to measure the structural integrity of single layer tablets as well as bilayer (and multi-layer) tablets. The latter ones, however, have a much complex structure. Therefore, testing a bilayer tablet with the currently used breaking test methodology might not be appropriate. The aim of this work was to compare results from several tests that have been proposed to quantify the interfacial strength of bilayer tablets. The obtained results would provide an indication on which tests are appropriate to evaluate the robustness of a bilayer tablet. Bilayer tablets were fabricated using a model formulation: Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) for the first layer, and spray dried lactose (SDLac) as second layer. Each set of tablets were tested using the following tests: Diametral Test, Shear Test and Indentation Test. The tablets were examined before and after the breaking test using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). When a bilayer tablet was subjected to shearing or indentation, it showed signs of clear delamination. Differently, using the diametral test system, the tablets showed no clear difference, before and after the testing. However, when examining each layer via SEM, it was clear that a fracture occurred in the layer made of SDLac. Thus, the diametral test is a measure of the strength of one of the two layers and therefore it is not suited to test the mechanical strength of bilayer tablets.
Comparison of breaking tests for the characterization of the interfacial strength of bilayer tablets / Castrati, Luca; Mazel, Vincent; Busignies, Virginie; Diarra, Harona; Rossi, Alessandra; Colombo, Paolo; Tchoreloff, Pierre. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - 513:1-2(2016), pp. 709-716. [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.10.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2842610
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