We have previously shown that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) acted synergistically to stimulate the production of IL-6 by bone marrow stromal and osteoblastic cells; and that an antibody to IL- 6 inhibited TNF-induced osteoclast development in murine calvarial cell cultures. Prompted by this evidence, we have now examined whether TNF and/or IL-1 are produced by murine calvarial cells, and whether these cytokines are involved in IL-6 production and osteoclast formation. When cultured under basal conditions, calvarial cells produced TNF and IL-6, and were able to form bone resorbing osteoclasts. A neutralizing antibody against TNF suppressed both basal IL-6 production and the formation of bone resorbing osteoclasts. The anti-TNF antibody also inhibited IL-6 production in response to exogenous IL-1 or parathyroid hormone (PTH). In contrast, a neutralizing anti-IL-1 receptor antibody had no effect on basal, TNF- or PTH-stimulated IL-6 production. These findings suggest that TNF, but not IL-1, is produced by murine bone cells and that endogenous TNF induces the IL-6 production, osteoclast formation, and bone resorption exhibited by these cultures under basal conditions. Furthermore, bone cell-derived TNF amplifies the stimulatory effect of exogenous IL-1 or PTH on IL-6 production by calvarial cells.
Endogenous production of tumor necrosis factor by primary cultures of murine calvarial cells: influence on IL-6 production and osteoclast development / Passeri, Giovanni; Girasole, Giuseppe; Stavros C., Manolagas; Robert L., Jilka. - In: BONE AND MINERAL. - ISSN 0169-6009. - 24:2(1994), pp. 109-126. [10.1016/S0169-6009(08)80149-3]
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