Hay meadows are an important component of the alpine landscape, which evolved over millennia of human activities. When traditionally managed, hay meadows support a rich flora and are recognized for high species diversity. However, both intensification and abandonment can lead to a loss of biodiversity in this vegetation. In this paper, the focus was on the hay meadows where Narcissus radiiflorus Salisb. forms white mosaic carpets during the blooming period. This vegetation was studied through 26 phytosociological relevés, taken in the Venetian Pre-Alps and outer Dolomites (Northern Italy). Relevés were numerically classified and analysed in their relationships with site conditions. Moreover, diversity metrics were calculated for detecting the conservation status of hay meadows subjected to different types of disturbance. The results showed that poet's daffodils' dominance brings together hay meadows showing a substantial range of floristic and ecologic variation and that part of the stands dominated by Narcissus radiiflorus could be referred to a habitat type regarded as prioritary for nature conservation. Moreover, management-related variations in functional diversity suggested that the best practice recommended for conservation and restoration of this habitat is the continuation of traditional late mowing. This practice will allow preserving both biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services.
Floristic composition, site conditions and diversity of poet's daffodil (Narcissus radiiflorus Salisb.) hay meadows in the Venetian Pre-Alps and outer Dolomites (N-Italy): implications for conservation and restoration / Lasen, Cesare; Tomaselli, Marcello; Scariot, Alberto; Garlato, Adriano; Carbognani, Michele. - In: PLANT BIOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1126-3504. - (2018), pp. 1-12. [10.1080/11263504.2018.1435578]