Human monocytic cell line THP-1 incubated with as little as 10 ng/ml of phorbol myristate acetate bound and metabolized 1-2 micrograms of Ac-LDL over a 5-h period. In the absence of phorbol treatment, no specific metabolism of Ac-LDL occurred. Optimal levels of receptor were reached after 72 h of exposure. Induction of receptor was dependent on protein and RNA synthesis and was partially reversed upon removal of the phorbol. Induction of receptor required activation of the protein kinase C pathway. Metabolism of Ac-LDL by THP-1 cells at 37 degrees C was saturated at 25 micrograms/ml. Binding at 4 degrees C was saturable with an average Kd of 8.0 x 10(-9) M. Cell population studies by fluorescent activated cell sorting indicated that approximately 87% of the THP-1 population was expressing scavenger receptor activity 96 h after phorbol treatment as compared to 99% for murine macrophage cell line P388D1. Uptake of Ac-LDL by THP-1 resulted in an 11-fold increase in the rate of cholesterol esterification which was saturable at 50 micrograms/ml. Incubation of cells for 48 h with 50 micrograms/ml of Ac-LDL resulted in a 60% increase in free cholesterol and a 10-fold increase in the cholesteryl ester content of the cells. Lipid accumulation in THP-1 cells after Ac-LDL uptake was readily visible by Oil Red-O staining. Solubilization of THP-1 cells, before and after phorbol treatment, followed by ligand blotting with Ac-LDL detected the presence of a 250-kDa protein only in cells treated with phorbol. The protein comigrated with the scavenger receptor derived from mouse macrophage cell line P388D1.

Induction of acetyl-LDL receptor activity by phorbol ester in human monocyte cell line THP-1 / Via, Dp1; Pons, L; Dennison, Dk; Fanslow, Ae; Bernini, F. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - 30:10(1989), pp. 1515-1524.

Induction of acetyl-LDL receptor activity by phorbol ester in human monocyte cell line THP-1

Bernini F
1989

Abstract

Human monocytic cell line THP-1 incubated with as little as 10 ng/ml of phorbol myristate acetate bound and metabolized 1-2 micrograms of Ac-LDL over a 5-h period. In the absence of phorbol treatment, no specific metabolism of Ac-LDL occurred. Optimal levels of receptor were reached after 72 h of exposure. Induction of receptor was dependent on protein and RNA synthesis and was partially reversed upon removal of the phorbol. Induction of receptor required activation of the protein kinase C pathway. Metabolism of Ac-LDL by THP-1 cells at 37 degrees C was saturated at 25 micrograms/ml. Binding at 4 degrees C was saturable with an average Kd of 8.0 x 10(-9) M. Cell population studies by fluorescent activated cell sorting indicated that approximately 87% of the THP-1 population was expressing scavenger receptor activity 96 h after phorbol treatment as compared to 99% for murine macrophage cell line P388D1. Uptake of Ac-LDL by THP-1 resulted in an 11-fold increase in the rate of cholesterol esterification which was saturable at 50 micrograms/ml. Incubation of cells for 48 h with 50 micrograms/ml of Ac-LDL resulted in a 60% increase in free cholesterol and a 10-fold increase in the cholesteryl ester content of the cells. Lipid accumulation in THP-1 cells after Ac-LDL uptake was readily visible by Oil Red-O staining. Solubilization of THP-1 cells, before and after phorbol treatment, followed by ligand blotting with Ac-LDL detected the presence of a 250-kDa protein only in cells treated with phorbol. The protein comigrated with the scavenger receptor derived from mouse macrophage cell line P388D1.
Induction of acetyl-LDL receptor activity by phorbol ester in human monocyte cell line THP-1 / Via, Dp1; Pons, L; Dennison, Dk; Fanslow, Ae; Bernini, F. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - 30:10(1989), pp. 1515-1524.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2839175
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