Background Clinical outcomes after major surgery are poorly described at the national level. Evidence of heterogeneity between hospitals and health-care systems suggests potential to improve care for patients but this potential remains unconfirmed. The European Surgical Outcomes Study was an international study designed to assess outcomes after non-cardiac surgery in Europe. Methods We did this 7 day cohort study between April 4 and April 11, 2011. We collected data describing consecutive patients aged 16 years and older undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery in 498 hospitals across 28 European nations. Patients were followed up for a maximum of 60 days. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcome measures were duration of hospital stay and admission to critical care. We used χ2and Fisher's exact tests to compare categorical variables and the t test or the Mann-Whitney U test to compare continuous variables. Significance was set at p<0 05. We constructed multilevel logistic regression models to adjust for the differences in mortality rates between countries. Findings We included 46 539 patients, of whom 1855 (4%) died before hospital discharge. 3599 (8%) patients were admitted to critical care after surgery with a median length of stay of 1 2 days (IQR 0 9-3 6). 1358 (73%) patients who died were not admitted to critical care at any stage after surgery. Crude mortality rates varied widely between countries (from 1 2% [95% CI 0 0-3 0] for Iceland to 21 5% [16 9-26 2] for Latvia). After adjustment for confounding variables, important differences remained between countries when compared with the UK, the country with the largest dataset (OR range from 0 44 [95% CI 0 19-1 05; p=0 06] for Finland to 6 92 [2 37-20 27; p=0 0004] for Poland). Interpretation The mortality rate for patients undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery was higher than anticipated. Variations in mortality between countries suggest the need for national and international strategies to improve care for this group of patients. Funding European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, European Society of Anaesthesiology.

Mortality after surgery in Europe: A 7 day cohort study / Pearse, Rupert; Moreno, Rui P.; Bauer, Peter; Pelosi, Paolo; Metnitz, Philipp; Spies, Claudia; Vallet, Benoit; Vincent, Jean-Louis; Hoeft, Andreas; Rhodes, Andrew; Fagnoul, David; van Obbergh, Luc; Al-Subaie, Nawaf; Arif, Fuhazia; Cashman, Jeremy; Cecconi, Maurizio; Edsell, Mark; Fossati, Nicoletta; Hammond, Sarah Jane; Hamilton, Mark; Lonsdale, Dagan; Moran, Carl; Rhodes, Andrew; Siegmueller, Claas; Velzeboer, Freya; Wong, Patrick; Awlakpui, Eli; Scheidemann, Mona; Wittmann, Maria; Damster, Sandrine; Golder, Kim; Hewson, Russell; Januszewska, Marta; Leva, Brigitte; Ramos, Vasco; Hoste, Eric; Huyghens, Luc; Jacobs, Rita; Van Mossevelde, Veerle; Opdenacker, Godelieve; Poelaert, Jan; Spapen, Herbert; Leleu, Kris; Rijckaert, Dirk; De Decker, Koen; Foubert, Luc; De Neve, Nikolaas; Biston, Patrick; Piagnerelli, Michael; Collin, Vincent; den Blauwen, Nadia; Clauwaert, Charlotte; De Crop, Luc; Hoste, Eric; Verbeke, An; Derumeaux, Pieter; Gardin, Christophe; Kindt, Sebastiaan; Louage, Sofie; Verhamme, Bruno; Druwé, Patrick; Lahaye, Ingrid; Rosseel, Francis; Rutsaert, Robert; Vanlinthout, Luc; De Kock, Marc; Forget, Patrice; Georges, Pascal; Grosu, Irina; Kahn, David; Lois, Fernande; Momeni, Mona; Pospiech, Audrey; Yemnga, Bernadette; Jadoul, Jean-Luc; Malbrain, Manu; Bosinceanu, Dana; Collard, Edith; Jorens, Philippe; Reyntiens, Dirk; Smitz, Carine; Vercauteren, Marcel; Goranović, Tatjana; Mazul-Sunko, Branka; Toplice, Krapinske; Oremuš, Krešimir; Bešlić, Gabrijela; Duzel, Viktor; Hauptman, Ada; Peremin, Sanja; Šribar, Andrej; Župčić, Miroslav; Brod, Slavonski; Mirković, Ivan; Šarić Bauer, Zlata; Belavić, Matija; Blažanin, Božidar; Katušin, Mirjana Lončarić; Brozović Krijan, Antonija; Mišković, Petar; Šimić-Korać, Nataša; Topić, Jasna; Žilić, Antonio; Žuni, Josip; Acan, Ivana; Adanić, Mirta; Ivanov, Nikola; Pavičić Šarić, Jadranka; Tomulić, Katarina; Visković, Nataša; Bošnjak, Silvana; Haršanji Drenjančevic, Ivana; Kristek, Gordana; Kvolik, Slavica; Markić, Stela; Stojanovic Rakipovic, Andreja; Katarina Tot, Ozana; Venzera-Azenic, Darija; Kalagac Fabris, Lada; Bačak-Kocman, Iva; Balenović, Igor; Bandić, Daniela; Judith Deutsch, Patricia Adrianne; Divjak, Loredana; Filipović, Ina Grčić; Gužvinec, Zvonka; Krznarić, Zrinka; Lončarić, Yvonne; Magaš, Jelena Vadlja; Mitrović, Marek; Okić, Marija; Pavlek, Mario; Ramov, Elza; Rezek, Karolina; Sekulić, Ante; Tomasevic, Boris; Mirić, Mirjana; Tomašević, Anita; Tomić Mahečić, Tina; Vrbanović, Vilena; Bobinac, Mirna; Božić, Alfred; Debelic, Danijela; Frkovic, Vedran; Batinica, Inga Mladić; Baranović, Senka; Gavranović, Željka; Kikec, Mirna; Maldini, Branka; Marić, Stela; Agnić, Ivan; Delić, Nikola; Dropulić, Nataša; Kljaković Gašpić, Toni; Ilić, Darko; Ivančev, Božena; Karanović, Nenad; Kuščević, Dorjan; Marović, Zlatko; Milić, Matija; Nevešćanin, Ana; Petković, Tatjana; Smoje, Mario; Brozović, Gordana; Goranović, Tatjana; Jelisavac, Milana; Matolić, Martina; Mazul-Sunko, Branka; Oberhofer, Dagmar; Marija Pavičić, Ana; Šakić, Kata; Delija Bozovic, Margarita; Kotorac Krecek, Zvjezdana; Krobot, Renata; Andabaka, Tatjana; Bratanić, Mislav; Dzepina, Orjana; Kraljev, Martina; Šeric, Julija; Šimurina, Tatjana; Grujić, Rosa; Nacevski-Bulaja, Biljana; Barižon, Mirna; Danira, Vrančić; Dražen, Bulaja; Dušanka, Kimer; Bašić Halužan, Marijana; Joško, Žaja; Katica, Roca; Labor, Magda; Grgurević Marinković, Tea; Mihovilčević, Danči; Marija, Bego; Srečko, Marinković; Vranković, Srdan; Kyprianou, Theodoros; Neophytou, Kyriakos; Cerny, Vladimir; Cvachovec, Karel; Belikova, Barbora; Drab, Michal; Hudacek, Kamil; Krikava, Ivo; Stourac, Petr; Zadrazilova, Katarina; Bicek, Vladimír; Brabcová, Milena; Klozová, Radka; Vajter, Jaromír; Vymazal, Tomáš; Toft, Palle; Blichfeldt, Louise; Dilling Hansen, Bo; Moller, Kirsten; Sylvest Nielsen, Jeppe; Frederiksen, Joachim; Dohn Andersen, Johnny; Peter Kühne, Jan; Leivdal, Siv; Stendell, Line; Simonsen, Martin; Konrad Zoltowski, Marcin; Salman Ali, Zahida; Freundlich, Morten; Pilypaite, Jurgita; Groes Clausen, Nicola; Toft, Palle; Thorup, Line; Hansen, Frank; Bestle, Morten; Steen Hansen, Christian; Afshari, Arash; Bastholm Bille, Anders; Lefort, Michele; Secher, Erik L.; Liboriussen, Lisbeth; Herodes, Veiko; Härma, Eve; Marvet, Kadri; Pool, Kristiina; Kallas, Pille; Mägi, Triinu-Kreete; Sütt, Jaan; Vijar, Kerli; Visk, Evelin; Vinnal, Mare; Ellermaa, Jaanus; Liibusk, Liia; Tikkerberi, Artur; Falk, Ilme; Mällo, Esta; Talving, Jaak; Pettilä, Ville; Hovilehto, Seppo; Kirsi, Anne; Mustola, Seppo; Tiainen, Pekka; Toivonen, Juhani; Dabnell, Sandra; Kaminski, Tadeusz; Sysimetsa, Anu; Kaukonen, Maija; Silvasti, Päivi; Vainio, Kaisa; Lund, Vesa; Sjövall, Sari; Saarinen, Kari; Viitanen, Matti; Ahonen, Tommi; Alaspää, Ari; Zittling, Ritva; Saarinen, Aarne; Moisander, Annette; Wagner, Bodo; Laru-Sompa, Raili; Elomaa, Esa; Lavonen, Leena; Nevantaus, Juha; Geier, Klaus; Kavasmaa, Tomi; Koorits, Ursula; Kubjas, Mare; Lauritsalo, Seppo; Ottelin, Lauri; Palve, Markki; Pynnönen, Jari; Rääbis, Inga; Saarelainen, Minna; Heikkilä, Tapani; Kontula, Timo; Lehtimäki, Markku; Liimatainen, Jari; Moilanen-Oikarinen, Mari; Pakarinen, Marika; Palanne, Riku; Seppänen, Hanna; Pulkkinen, Anni; Vääräniemi, Heikki; Koskenkari, Juha; Sälkiö, Sinikka; Vakkala, Merja; Koskue, Talvikki; Loisa, Pekka; Laitio, Ruut; Hautamäki, Raku; Koivisto, Simo-Pekka; Futier, Emmanuel; Lefrant, Jean-Yves; Leon, Alain; Bonnet, Francis; Marret, Emmanuel; Spielvogel, Catherine; Papageorgiou, Chryssa; Szymkiewicz, Olga; Tounou-Akue, Felix; Aubrun, Frederic; Bonnet, Aurélie; Gazon, Mathieu; Guiraud, Michel; Laurent, Virginie; Tachon, Guillaume; Demars, Nadège; Dumenil, Anne-Sylvie; Mercier, Frederic; Landais, Alain; Mentec, Herve; Bazin, Marie; Futier, Emmanuel; Gonnu, Sophie; Petit, Antoine; Albaladejo, Pierre; Almeras, Luc; Bataillard, Amélie; Rossi-Blancher, Marine; Yves Lefrant, Jean; Barthel, Florian; Hallel, Dan; Sbai, Hicham; Khalifeh, Pamela; Lidzborski, Lionel; Jully, Marion; Platon, Ecaterina; Pottecher, Julien; Baumgarten, Romain; Schultz, Christel; Elmiloudi, Fayçal; Lefebvre, Julie; Waton, Karen; Sprunck, Adrien; Steib, Annick; Thibaud, Adrien; Thuet, Vincent; Kieffer, Vianney; Dubois-Vallaud, Delphine; Jacob, Laurent; Becanne, Xavier; Cherfaoui, Salim; Gauzit, Remy; Godier, Anne; Lakhdari, Mourad; Samma, Charles; Bigeon, Jean-Yves; Burtin, Philippe; Halchini, Constantin; Lacroix, Magali; Pinna, Frederic; Barbes, Aurélie; Just, Bernard; Mateu, Philippe; Benayoun, Laurent; Berger, Philippe; Granier, Nathalie; Francois Perrigault, Pierre; Libert, Nicolas; De Rudnicki, Stephan; Merat, Stéphane; Bourdet, Benoit; Ferré, Fabrice; Minville, Vincent; Piriou, Vincent; Rague, Philippe; Wallet, Florent; Lebuffe, Gilles; Desbordes, Jacques; Robin, Emmanuel; Ichai, Carole; Orban, Jean-Christophe; Marx, Gernot; Sander, Michael; Gottschalk, André; Gottschalk, André; Piontek, André; Unterberg, Matthias; Hilpert, Justus; Kees, Martin; Triltsch, Andreas; Wiegand-Löhnert, Carola; Glöckner, Christiane; Hohn, Andreas; Rose, Elmar; Schröder, Stefan; Wiese, Oliver; Ramminger, Axel; Dresden, Carus; de Abreu, Marcelo Gama; Heller, Axel; Marx, Christine; Neidel, Julia; Goldmann, Anton; von Heymann, Christian; Laetsch, Beatrix; Maahs, Esther; Scholz, Lars; Frenzel, Dirk; Massarat, Kyros; Lenhart, Franz-Peter; Reichle, Florian; Rudlof, Kristina; Borchers, Friedrich; Buettner, Christoph; Schmutzler, Martin; Burgard, Gerald; Lucht, Alexander; Wagner, Jan; Pilge, Stefanie; Schneider, Gerhard; Untergehrer, Gisela; Bis, Beata; Krassler, Jens; Dittmann, Jan; Haberkorn, Jörg; Eberitsch, Jürgen; Eberitsch, Karola; Nippraschk, Thomas; Wepler, Ulrich; Engelen, Wolf-Christian; Nau, Carla; Scholler, Axel; Schüttler, Jürgen; Wintzheimer, Simone; Bloos, Frank; Braune, Anke; Fergen, Daniela; Ludewig, Katrin; Paxian, Markus; Reinhart, Konrad; Graf, Nikolaus; Schwarzkopf, Konrad; Berger, Katharina; Habicher, Marit; Kasperiunaite, Ruta; Savelsberg, Sabine; Krep, Henning; Reindl, Michael; Weber, Matthias; Bauer, Wolfgang; Bingold, Florian; Christ, Saskia; Friederich, Patrick; Kaviani, Reza; Auer, Patrick; Bonnländer, Georg; Drescher, Jürgen; Braun, Roland; Eichenauer, Tim; Kerner, John; Bierbaum, Kathrin; Brünner, Horst; Grond, Stefan; Perez-Platz, Ursula; Andresen, Bent; Linstedt, Ulf; Stegmann, Nils; Erkens, Uwe; Kopcke, Jens; Meyer, Andreas; Brestrich, Hartmut; Ernst, Sandra; Merkel, Stella; Krieger, Lena; Luers, Frank; Weyland, Andreas; Noeldge-Schomburg, Gabriele; Menckie, Thomas; Wasmund, Christina; Bredtmann, Ralph-Dieter; Erler, Ines; Raufhake, Carsten; Haumann, Christine; Möllemann, Angela; Oehmichen, Uwe; Sergejewa, Olga; Lehning, Brigitte; Czeslick, Elke; Geyer, Michaela; Malcharek, Michael; Sablotzki, Armin; Stier, Marina; Feld, Florian; Marx, Gernot; Rossaint, Rolf; Simon, Verena; Armaganidis, Apostolos; Koulenti, Despoina; Kotanidou, Anastasia; Nanas, Serafim; Papastylianou, Androula; Psevdi, Aikaterini; Stathopoulos, Anastasios; Voulas, Asklepieion; Kanna, Efthymia; Koutsikou, Anastasia; Moustaka, Alexandra; Chovas, Achilleas; Komnos, Apostolos; Zafiridis, Tilemachos; Franses, Josef; Lavrentieva, Athena; Koraki, Eleni; Katsenos, Chrysostomos; Flora Kasianidou, Maria; Nasopoulou, Pantelia; Spyropoulou, Eleni; Gousia, Chrysoula; Katsanoulas, Constantine; Lathyris, Dimitrios; Kyriazopoulos, George; Sfyras, Dimitrios; Tsirogianni, Athanasia; Armaganidis, Apostolos; Kostopanagiotou, Georgia; Koulenti, Despoina; Lignos, Mihail; Matsota, Paraskevi; Christopoulos, Christos; Mouratidou, Alexandra; Vrettou, Efstratia; Boufidis, Spyros; Moka, Eleni; Arnaoutoglou, Eleni; Koulouras, Vasileios; Nakos, George; Papathanakos, Georgios; Anthopoulos, Georgios; Choutas, Georgios; Karapanos, Dimitrios; Tzani, Vaso; Gkiokas, Georgios; Nastos, Konstantinos; Nikolakopoulos, Fotios; Dragoumanis, Christos; Nikitidis, Nikos; Pneumatikos, Ioannis; Theodorou, Vassiliki; Zacharouli, Danai; Kandi, Stella; Tasopoulos, Konstantinos; Arvaniti, Kostoula; Matamis, Dimitrios; Mplougoura, Eva; Petropoulou, Polixeni; Soumpasis, Ioannis; Amaniti, Ekaterini; Giannakou-Peftoulidou, Maria; Gkeka, Eleni; Soultati, Ioanna; Kokinou, Maria; Papatheodorou, Lambrini; Stafylaraki, Maria; Giasnetsova, Tatiana; Gritsi-Gerogianni, Nikoleta; Kydona, Christina; Kiskira, Olga; Koulentis, Ioannis; Apsokardos, Alexandros; Dimitropoulos, Konstantinos; Soldatou, Ourania; Nathanail, Christodoulos; Papazotos, Alexios; Tsakas, Pirros; Clouva-Molyvdas, Phyllis-Maria; Kolotoura, Athina; Sartzi, Monika; Papanikolaou, Spiros; Polakis, Pavlos; Karatzas, Stylianos; Kyparissi, Aikaterini; Papavasilopoulou, Theonymfi; Koukoubani, Triantafillia; Mastora, Evangelia; Spyropoulou-Pagdatoglou, Kyriaki; Nyktari, Vasileia; Malliotakis, Polychronis; Papaioannou, Alexandra; Bekos, Vasileios; Maragkou, Elisavet; Spring, Anna; Evagelatos, Stavros; Ioakeimidou, Aikaterini; Noulas, Nikos; Molnár, Zsolt; Csüllög, Emese; Elekes, Eniko; Molnár, Tamás; Katona, Zsuzsana; Kremer, Ildiko; Miko, Angela; Csomos, Akos; Galambos, Zsuzsanna; Szucs, Akos; Nyikos, Gyorgy; Szekeres, Gabor; Szabo, Ervin; Kranitz, Katalin; Simon, Melinda; Szigeti, Janos; Gaál, Emánuel; Havas, Attila; Ille, Alexandru; Bráz, Krisztina; Nagy, Geza; Sigurdsson, Gisli; Sigurbjörnsson, Fridrik T.; Sigurdsson, Gisli H.; Kárason, Sigurbergur; Edda Sigurdardottir, Elin; Blöndal, Ásbjörn; Gunnarsson, Björn; Westbrook, Andrew; Broderick, Alan; Hafeez, Parvaiz; Hanumanthaiah, Deepak; Brohan, Janette; O'Chroinin, Donal; Bailey, Kevin; Ramamoorthy, Karthik; Doyle, Yvonne; Freir, Noelle; O'Rourke, James; Jonson, Philip; Saeed, Sabir; Hayes, Ivan; Loughrey, John; Frohlich, Stephen; Mccauley, Nuala; Ryan, Donal; Fitzpatrick, Gerry; Kevin, Leo; Thomas, Jubil; Warde, Barry; Woolhead, Alan; Duggan, Michelle; Egan, Cara; Crowley, Seamus; Lebese, Soloman; Bergin, Anne; Westbrook, Andrew; Page, Rory; Collins, Daniel; Mckenny, Michael; Della Rocca, Giorgio; Grasso, Salvatore; Bresciani, Anna; Carmino, Livio; Ghelfi, Silvia; Lorenzelli, Laura; Teresa Novelli, Maria; Pescarmona, Chiara; Roasio, Agostino; Gatta, Alessandro; Nastasi, Mauro; Sanseverino, Manlio; Tinti, Carla; Bianchin, Andrea; Tormena, Maria; Franco, Antonio; Marini, Federica; Di Mauro, Piero; Rapido, Francesca; Tommasino, Concezione; Bellotti, Ferdinando; Boninsegna, Daniele; Castellani, Gianluca; Sances, Daniele; Spano, Gianluca; Tredici, Stefano; Vezzoli, Dario; Fucecchio, Igneo; Bacci, Alessandro; Coppini, Roberta; Dell'Unto, Sandro; Mori, Emanuele; Rosa Stanzani, Maria; Tosi, Monica; Collareta, Michele; Forfori, Francesco; Franchi, Matteo; Mancino, Giuseppe; Battistella, Massimo; Baricocchi, Elisa; Bona, Francesco; Debernardi, Felicino; Giacoletto, Gianmarco; Iacobellis, Antonio; Massucco, Paolo; Moselli, Nora; Muratore, Andrea; Palomba, Graziella; Sardo, Elena; De Simone, Michele; Suita, Luisa; Zocca, Edoardo; Bucci, Barbara; Della Corte, Francesco; Piciucco, Tiziana; Viarengo, Valeria; Bettelli, Gabriella; Cantarini, Eugenia; Giampieri, Marina; Tanfani, Alessandra; Recchia, Eugenio; Bignami, Elena; Bruno, Giovanna; Costagliola, Roberto; Gandolfi, Azzurra; Greco, Massimiliano; Lembo, Rosalba; Monti, Giacomo; Nicelli, Elisa; Pasculli, Nicola; Turi, Stefano; Della Rocca, Giorgio; Baroselli, Antonio; Brazzoni, Marcella; Buttazzoni, Mattia; Buttera, Stefania; Centonze, Carlo; Serena, Giovanni; Spagnesi, Lorenzo; Toretti, Ilaria; Vilardi, Anna; Zearo, Ester; Arpino, Ines; Baraldi, Sara; Guarnerio, Chiara; Molene, Vincenzo; Concetta Monea, Maria; Vaccarisi, Enrico; Vicari, Luigi; Albante, Alida; Aversano, Marco; Loiacono, Cinzia; Marandola, Maurizio; Fusari, Maurizio; Petrucci, Nicola; Galla, Amerigo; Mascia, Antonio; Primieri, Paolo; Di Noto, Anna; Gratarola, Angelo; Molin, Alessandro; Spagnolo, Luigi; Spena, Claudio; Calligaro, Plinio; Marchiotto, Simonetta; Merlini, Alberto; Pedrazzoli, Eleonora; Perina, Giulia; Visentin, Renea; Fumagalli, Roberto; Garbagnati, Andrea; Manetti, Bruna; Snaier, Chiara; Somaini, Marta; Farnia, Antonio; Nani, Roberto; Pierantonio, Novello; De Michele, Michele; Grasso, Salvatore; Gazzanelli, Sergio; Marandola, Maurizio; Pugliese, Francesco; Ruberto, Franco; Bergamini, Elena; Tassinati, Tania; Capuzzo, Maurizia; Cirillo, Vera; Tufano, Rosalba; Oggioni, Roberto; Parrini, Vieri; Brunori, Emanuela; Capone, Micaela; Carbone, Luigi; Corradetti, Francesco; Elisei, Daniele; Fiorentino, Stefano; Francesconi, Maurizio; Gattari, Diego; Gorgoglione, Maria; Lacobone, Emanuele; Minnucci, Francesco; Montironi, Claudio; Riccioni, Gianrenato; Tappata, Giuseppe; Zompanti, Valeria; Verdenelli, Paola; Cerutti, Elisabetta; Marco Ranieri, Vito; Golubovska, Iveta; Grigorjevs, Sergejs; Rikmane, Maija; Rozkalne, Daina; Stepanovs, Jevgenijs; Suba, Olegs; Golubovska, Iveta; Kazune, Sigita; Miscuk, Aleksej; Nemme, Janis; Oss, Peteris; Sipylaite, Jurate; Macas, Andrius; Ragaisis, Vytautas; Kontrimaviciute, Egle; Tomkute, Gabija; Boerma, Christiaan; Fleur Kramer, Irene; Poeze, Martijn; Maria, John; Pelzer, Gerardus; Winsser, Lex; Nijsten, Maarten; Schoorl, Michiel; Spanjersberg, Rob; Buhre, Wolfgang; Dieleman, Stefan; van Klei, Wilton; Bouw, Martijn; Pickkers, Peter; van der Marieke, A.; Schreiner, Frodo; Zandvliet, Ria; van den Berg, Roy; De Wit, Esther; Keijzer, Christaan; Hollmann, Markus; Preckel, Benedikt; van Acker, Gijs; Dennesen, Paul; Veld, Bas; Kuijpers-Visser, Agnes; Inan, T.; Koopman-van Gemert, A.; Ponssen, Huibert; Boerma, Christiaan; Brouwer, Tammo; Koopmans, Matty; van Bommel, Jasper; van Duijn, Ditty; van der Hoven, Ben; Ormskerk, Patricia; Beck, Oliver; Schiere, Sjouke; Reidinga, Auke; Venema, Allart; Hoogendoorn, Marga; Olthof, Kees; Flaatten, Hans; Jammer, Ib; Flaatten, Hans; Jammer, Ib; Dokka, Vegard; Arne Monsen, Svein; Marius Ytrebo, Lars; Noursadeghi, Mostafa; Shahzad, Ahmed; Dagfinn Boksasp, Ola; Roiss, Christoph; Frank Strietzel, Hans; Gina, Anne; Berntsen, Schie; Haugland, Helge; Ove Vingsnes, Svein; Axelsson, Patric; Risom Olsen, Thomas; Katre, Sanjay; Aakeroey, Kristin; Mikstacki, Adam; Tamowicz, Barbara; Boziłow, Dominika; Goch, Robert; Grabowski, Piotr; Kupisiak, Jacek; Małłek, Małgorzata; Szyca, Robert; Kostyrka, Włodzimierz; Choma, Robert; Jankowski, Grzegorz; Kościelniak, Władysław; Pietraszek, Paweł; Szarowar, Bartosz; Matos, Ricardo; França, Carlos; Pais Lacerda, António; Ormonde, Lucindo; Rosa, Rosário; Pereira, Inês; Vitor, Paula; Completo Bento, Henrique; Raquel Lopes, Maria; Carvalho, Marques; Faria, Manuela; Cláudia de Sousa, Ana; de Freitas, Pereira; Almeida, Eduardo; Mealha, Rui; Vicente, Rachel; Monte, Raquel; Rua, Fernando; Barros, Nelson; Esteves, Francisco; Gouveia Pinheiro, Célia Maria; Real, Vila; Miguel Oliveira, Vítor; Fátima Oliveira, Maria; Martins, Isabel; Pedro Saraiva, José; Pedro Assunção, José; Bártolo, Anabela; Carvalho, Anabela; Correia, Carlos; Martins, Salomé; Milheiro, Ruth; Diaz, Alejandro; Imelda Gonçalves, Maria; Ribeiro, Rosa; Estilita, Joana; Glória, Carlos; de Almeida, José; Barros, Filipa; Ramos, Armindo; Camara, Margarida; Richard Maul, Edward; Nobrega, Julio; Langner, Anuscka; Faria Maia, Dionísio; Afonso, Ofélia; Faria, Filomena; Serra, Sofia; Manuela Botelho, Maria; Ferreira, Pedro; Mourão, Luís; Vintém Oliveira, Ana; Resende, Margarida; Aleman, Miguel; Fonseca, Jorge; Isidoro, Marta; de Meneses, Helena; Pêgas, António; Pereira, José; Pereira, Luis; Ramos, Bárbara; Matos, Francisco; Matos, Ricardo; Gonçalves Castro, Maria de Lurdes; Martins, Ana; Ramos, Cristina; de Sousa, Manuel; Bento, Luís; Botas, Conceição; Lopes, Vitor; Mendes, Rosa; Grigoras, Ioana; Blaj, Mihaela; Damian, Mihaela; Lupusoru, Andreea; Ristescu, Irina; Codreanu, Monica; Diaconescu, Ciresica; Nistor, Alina; Stanescu Stelian, Dorin; Streanga, Livia; Berneanu, Maria; Bordeianu, Cristina; Florenta, Calarasu; Iacob, Alina; Nicoleta Lupu, Mary; Mocanu, Iulian; Moraru, Coca; Meran, Carleta; Nicolae, Bacalbasa; Sandu, Madalina; Turcanu, Roxana; Epure, Florina; Grigore, Monica; Hotaranu, Cristina; Popescu, Nicoleta; Baban, Oleg; Baciu, Manuela; Ciobanu, Aurica; Ioan Denciu, Catalin; Gurau, Vitalie; Maftei, Ion; Moldovan, Ion; Ungureanu, Liviu; Bogdan, Prodan; Corneci, Dan; Dinu, Melania; Madalina, Dutu; Rely, Manolescu; Silvius, Negoita; Tomescu, Dana; Gabriela, Droc; Adrian Dinescu, Stelian; Calin, Mitre; Ionescu, Daniela; Margarit, Simona; Vasian, Horatiu; Albu, Corina; Balasa, Carmen; Cadrigati, Alina; Dragulescu, Dorian; Gavra, Loredana; Hentia, Ciprian; Macarie, Claudiu; Manescu, Mihaela; Nediglea, Ioan; Ocica, Dana; Ovidiu, Bedreag; Papurica, Marius; Plavat, Cosmin; Popa, Claudia; Ramneantu, Mihaela; Sandesc, Dorel; Sandici, Zoran; Sarandan, Mihaela; Belciu, Ioana; Tincu, Eugen; Ursu, Irina; Aignatoaie, Mariana; Huzuneanu, Mariana; Cocu, Simona; Hagau, Natalia; Ciubotaru, Roxana; Copotoiu, Sanda-Maria; Copotoiu, Ruxandra; Ioana, Ghitescu; Kovacs, Judit; Leonard, Azamfirei; Szederjesi, Ianos; Genoveva, Vanvu; Mosnegutu, Simona; Surbatovic, Maja; Djordjevic, Dragan; Djordjevic, Biljana; Grujic, Krasimirka; Jovanovic, Dusko; Krstic-Lecic, Ivana; Obradovic, Jovana; Zeba, Snjezana; Jevdjic, Jasna; Miletic, Milos; Zunic, Filip; Bulasevic, Aleksandra; Brko, Radoslava; Gazibegovic, Narcisa; Kendrisic, Mirjana; Vojinovic, Radisa; Firment, Jozef; Zahorec, Roman; Capková, Judita; Firment, Jozef; Grochova, Monika; Trenkler, Stefan; Griger, Martin; Zahorec, Roman; Bakosova, Erika; Kvasnica, Martin; Saniova, Beata; Sulaj, Miroslav; Zacharovska, Andrea; Simkova, Alexandra; Číková, Andrea; Gebhardtova, Andrea; Hanuljaková, Slávka; Koutun, Juraj; Martonová, Andrea; Žilinčárová, Veronika; Galkova, Katarína; Krbila, Stefan; Sobona, Viliam; Ocenasova, Marieta; Novak-Jankovic, Vesna; Novak-Jankovic, Vesna; Stecher, Adela; Stivan, Feri; Grynyuk, Andriy; Damjanovska, Marija; Kostadinov, Ivan; Knezevic, Mile; Malivojevic, Marko; Borovsak, Zvonko; Kamenik, Mirt; Mekiš, Dušan; Osojnik, Irena; Kosec, Lučka; Ostojič Kapš, Silva; Aleksic, Dragoslav; Gerjevič, Božena; Kalan, Katja; Ursic, Tomaz; Aldecoa, Cesar; Montejo González, Juan; Artigas, Anna; Garcia, Andres; Lisi, Alberto; Perez, Isabel; Perez, Gisela; Poch, Nuria; Vaquer, Sergi; Balciscueta, Goiatz; Barrasa, Helena; Cabanes, Sara; Maynar, Javier; Poveda, Yolanda; Quintano Rodero, Amaia; Vallejo, Ana; Duque, Patrícia; Garcia-Bunger, Beatriz; Adoracion Elvira, Maria; María Lajara, Ana; Palencia, María; Ramos, Rafael; Saez Fernandez, Ana; Tirapu León, Juan; Iza López, Jaione; Yoldi Murillo, Francisco; Turumbay Ramirez, Eva; Unzué Rico, Patricia; Patricia, Marta; Vizcaíno, Martín; Bernat Álvarez, Maria José; Planas Real, Kenneth; Mas Serra, Arantxa; Aracil, Norma; Menendez Bodega, Begoña; Fernández García, Raquel; Álvarez García, Marivi; Gordon, Borja de la Quintana; Gutiérrez Jodrá, Alicia; De Santos López, Angela; Llavador Ros, Juan José; Ayala Soto, Rocío; Sepúlveda, Isabel; Pascual Díez, Esperanza; Fernández Fernández, Luisa; Soria Gulina, Carlos; Pérez Arviza, Laura; Fernandez, Lorena Mouriz; Río Gómez, Antía; Alonso Martínez, Concepción; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Ana Belén; Lopez Soto, Carmen; Aldecoa, Cesar; Garcia, Clara; Lorenzo, Mario; Pinilla, Elena; Rico, Jesus; Ruperez, Irene; Alonso, Eduardo; Leira, Fernando; Emilio Maseda, David Pestaña; Royo, Concepcion; Villagran, Jose; Murillo Candi, Giralt; Eduardo Esteva, Garcia; Mansilla Folgado, Raquel; Joan Fornaguera, Nadal; Calonge Montse, Pijoan; Sape Prat, Anna; Sintes, Dolores; Arteta Arteta, Donaldo; García Delgado, Horacio; Fajardo López-Cuervo, Juan; López, Mikel Celaya; Ramírez, Alejandro; José Saldaña, Francisco; Aliste, Pilar; Hermira Anchuelo, Ana; García Campos, Ascensión; Catalán, Mercedes; García Gómez, Mónica; Gonzalez Gonzalaez, Olga; López López, Eloísa; Real Navacerrada, Isabel; de Quevedo, Sara Arlanzón; Gonzalez Serrano, Matilde; Silvestre, Francisco Perez-Cerdá; Martinez Torrente, Francisco; Arocas, Blanca; Pastor Martinez, Ernesto; Soro, Marina; Maroto, Fernando; Robledo Algarra, Ruth; Silla Aleixandre, Inés; Argente, Gemma Rodriguez; Lleó, Ana Broseta; Rubio, Antonio Vela; Vicente Sánchez, José Luis; Enríquez Valcárcel, Irene; Balust, Clara; Balust, Jaume; Borrat, Xavier; Jose Carretero, Maria; Gracia, Isabel; Matute, Purificacion; Mercadal, Jordi; Pujol, Roger; Tena, Beatriz; Ubre, Marta; Dorda Albalad, Dolores; Muñoz Alcaide, Concepción; Caballero, Jesus; Camps Cervantes, Angels; de Nadal Clanchet, Miriam; Montferrer Estruch, Nuria; Ballvé Ferrer, Mercè; Lacasta Fornells, Albert; Terrer Galera, Eduard; Garcia Martinez, Irene; Manrique Muñoz, Susana; Pelavski, Andres; Tormos Perez, Pilar; Gonzalez Posada, Miguel Angel; de Prat, Ivette Chocron; Rello, Jordi; García Serrano, Llum; Naya Sieiro, José Manuel; Silva, Lorena; Colomina Sole, Maria Jose; Biarnes Suñé, Alfons; Rochera Villach, Isabel; Gómez Herreras, José Ignacio; Poves, Rodrigo; Martinez Rafael, Beatriz; Martinez Almeida, Icier; Fernandez Collates, Angel; Jose Bartolomé, Maria; Cimadevilla, Bonifacio; González González, Antonio Manuel; Rabanal Llevot, Jose Manuel; de Terán Mira, Juan Carlos Diaz; González Molina, Begoña; Pardo, Sara; López Sánchez, Carlos; Williams, Monica; Zaldibar, Estibaliz; Muñoz Corsini, Lourdes; Rodríguez Fraile, José Ramón; de la Lastra, Maria; Kabiri Sacramento, Monir; López Saña, Francisco Javier; Trenado Ålvarez, Josep; Cantón Bulnes, Maria Luisa; Gándara Carrasco, Violeta; Crespo, Ma del Rocío Míguez; Narváez Cubillos, Diana; Laza Laza, Enrique; Pérez, Ma del Pino Heredia; Arenzana Seisdedos, Ángel; Fernández Torres, Bartolomé; Santos Ampuero, Marian; Chicot Llano, Marta; Mata, Esperanza; Munoz, Manuel; Orts, Mar; Planas, Antonio; Ramasco, Fernando; Roman, Carlos; Varela Durán, Marina; Fernandez, Sabela del Río; Sanduende Otero, Yolanda; Lopez Pineiro, Susana; Barreiro Pardal, Cristina; Fernández Alcantud, Jesús; Ayuso Antolinos, Mercedes; Barrios, Francisco; Collantes Casanova, Ana; Ruiz Castro, Manuel; Infantes Crespo, Beatriz; Lancha Felipe, Uzuri; Liceras Fuster, Marta; Sanz García, Máximo; Herrero Garrote, Begoña; Moreno Gonzalez, Ricardo; Montes Granero, Maria José; de la Guía, Carlos Lloreda; Chaves López, Raquel; de Frutos López, Santiago; Marco Martinez, Jose Javier; Garcia Mostaza, Angel; Jiménez Moreno, Antonio; Riquelme Osado, Irene; Bardina Pastor, Ana; Peña, Rosa; Rustarazo Pérez, Mónica; Aliaño Piña, María; Aranda Romero, Carlos; Rodríguez, Elena Rodríguez; Pedroviejo Sáez, Vicente; Safatle, Fernando; Hernández Salvan, Javier; Galán Sampedro, Mar; de la Torre, Patricia Alfaro; Pérez Toro, Jonatan; Lasa Unzúe, Crsitina; José Vargas, Maria; Garcia Bernal, David; Echevarria, Mercedes; Ubeda Iglesias, Alejandro; Loza, Ana; Rodriguez Morillo, Araceli; Diaz Serrano, Pedro; Barrientos Sevilla, Fernando Caba; Cacho, Elena; Calderón, Ricardo; Dufur, Mercedes; Marginet, Carolina; Monedero, Pablo; José Yepes, Maria; Rellán Alvarez, Luzdivina; Fernández Carballal, Francisca; Pensado Castiñeiras, Alberto; Dieguez García, Paula; Ramos López, Lorena; Rama Maceiras, Pablo; Martínez Puente, María Socorro; Rey Rilo, Maria Teresa; Trujillo Alonso, Ana Esther; Rodríguez Fernández, Sonia; Omaña García, Rafael; Pérez García, Aníbal; Bello Puentes, Rafael; Nunez Aguado, Domingo; Lopez Carballo, Carlos; Fernandez Fernandez, Ricardo; Toledo Presedo, Amadeo; de Rabago, Ricardo Bermejo Diaz; Rodriguez Velasco, Ana; Jiménez Capel, Yolanda; Fernández Cortés, Ana; Martínez García, Esther; Martinez Gimeno, Laura; Klamburg, Jordi; Castillo Omedas, Rosa; González Núñez, Miriam; Llubià Maristany, Clara; Moret Ruiz, Enrique; Artigas, Xavier; Castrillón, Sebastian; Espinosa, Nieves; Gomez-Caro, Ana M.; Illa, Susana; India, Inmaculada; Martín-Huerta, Beatriz; Moral, Victoria; Moreno, Marisa; Iglesias Fernández, Cristina; Fernández García, Violeta; Picatto Hernández, Pedro; Honrubia Checa, Angel Alberto; Salvatierra Diaz, David; Linero Noguera, Manuel; Pujol Varela, Ignacio; González Gallego, Miguel; Martínez García, Oscar; Ariño Irujo, José Javier; González Perrino, Carlos; Rey Picazo, Julio; López Timoneda, Francisco; Manzanero Arroyo, María; Albalá Blanco, Isabel; Martínez Borja, Marcos; Martín Burcio, Sara; Martinez Castro, Nilda; Puente Cerdeiriña, Aránzazu; de la Torre Concostrina, Marta; Viñas Cristina, Medrano; Dorado Díaz, Trinidad; Avellanosa Esteruelas, Juan; Ingelmo Ingelmo, Ildefonso; Duran Insuga, Paco; Claros Llamas, Elisabeth; Martín Lopez, Jose Juan; Beltran Martín, María; Elías Martín, Elena; Ureta Mesa, Eva; Loren Monterde, Manuela; Alonso Montoiro, Paloma; Gonzalez Móstoles, Maria Luisa; Velasco Olarte, Eva; Martínez Pérez, Adolfo; Domínguez Perez, Fernando; Serrano Romero, Ana; Parise Rous, Diego; Mané Ruiz, Nuria; Palomo Ruiz, Jose Angel; Ruigomez Saiz, Alvaro; Terol, Alvaro de la Vega; Candela Toha, Angel; Alvarez Utrera, Fernando; Alberdi, Fermín; Elósegui, Itxaso; García, Javier; Marco Garde, Pilar; Itziar Mintegui, Escudero; García Sáez, Iker; Salas, Estibaliz; Zabarte, Mercedes; Diaz-Boladeras, Rosa-Maria; Mora-Guevara, Emilio; Ferreras Zamora, Julia; Bonet, Alfons; Salo, Lidia; Salinas, Unai; Zaballos, Juan; Abella Alvarez, Ana; Jimenez Garrido, Carlos; Hita Roa, Juan Ramón; Gordo Vidal, Federico; Garcia-Egea, Jorge; Zamora Elson, Monica; Seron-Arbeloa, Carlos; Mendiola Asensio, Miguel Angel; Gastaldo Simeón, Rosa; Muñoz Alameda, Luis Enrique; Oeding Angulo, Guillermo; Aranzubia, Monserrat; Juan Arcas, Jose; Arevalo, Julian; Quesada Belvert, Belén; Pérez Calvo, César; Cremades, Marta; Crespo, Pascual; Cuarental, Ana; Del Olmo, Mercedes; Turrión Fernández, Pablo; Garcia Vega, José Luis Franqueza García Isabel; Herrera, Elena; Alcala Llorente, Miguel Angel; Martin Rabes, Cecilia; de Maeyer, Ana Gamo; Pérez Marquez, Manuel; López Mendoza, Diego; Milicua Muñoz, José María; Arias Martínez, Natividad; Santos Oviedo, Arnoldo; Benavent Garrigues, Pau; Alonso Íñigo, José; Tormo Ferrandiz, Sergi; Sanchez-Morcillo, Silvia; Lafuente Sánchez, Matilde; Marqués Parra, Asunción; Gomar Vidal, Sonia; Montoiro Allué, Raquel; Zalba Etayo, Begoña; Bustamante Rodriguez, Raquel; Martin Villen, Luis; Molla Jimenez, Cristina; de Zayas, Ricardo Salas; Dolera Moreno, Cristina; SanJose Pacheco, Fernando; Anton Pascual, Jose Luis; Tejera Gude, Fernando; Manteiga Riestra, Eva; Cota Delgado, Francisco; de la Torre Prados, Maria Victoria; Barrios, Javier; Cervera-Montes, Manuel; García-Sanz, Mercedes; García, Vicente; Sanmiguel, Guillermo; López Álvaro, Julian; Bornay Barrachima, Beatriz; Romero Bermejo, Francisco Jose; Martinez Garcia, Alberto Garcia Fernandez Pilar; Navarro Ramírez, Carolina; Gómez Ramos, Jorge; Angel Samaniego, Luis; Belenguer-Muncharaz, Alberto; Ferrándiz-Selles, Amparo; Mateu-Campos, Maria-Lidon; Domínguez, David; Espinosa, Elena; León, Teresa; Ojeda Betancor, Nazario; Garcia Cortes, Javier; Díaz Díaz, Juan José; Manzano Canalechevarria, Ana; Fores Novales, Beatriz; Garcia Peña, Jose Manuel; Rodriguez Delgado, Tomas; Santamaria Roquerio, Beatriz; Gomez Sainz, Juan Jose; Tebar Soto, Teresa; Chew, Michelle; Seeman-Lodding, Heléne; Dahm, Peter; Odenstedt Hergès, Helena; Lundborg, Christoffer; Seeman-Lodding, Heléne; Söndergaard, Sören; Rylander, Christian; Sari, Ferenc; Oscarsson Tibblin, Anna; Adolfsson, Anne; Klarin, Bengt; Schrey, Susann; Chew, Michelle; Merisson, Edyta; Rydén, Jörgen; Britt Divander, Mona; Hedin, Annika; Hedlund, Daniel; Axelsson Lindkvist, Mikael; Jawad, Monir; Layous, Lona; Wernerman, Jan; Björne, Håkan; Brattström, Olof; Olheden, Staffan; Oldner, Anders; Sellden, Eva; Walder, Bernhard; Wickboldt, Nadine; Wickboldt, Nadine; Rossi, Ariane; Steiner, Luzius; Djurdjevic, Mirjana; Lussmann, Roger; Geisen, Martin; Hofer, Christoph; Turina, Matthias; Grocott, Mike; Goldhill, David; Everett, Lynn; Harris, Katy; Wright, Maggie; Adams, David; Alderson, Lorraine; Baker, Julie; Christie, Iain; Ferguson, Colin; Hill, Matthew; Holmes, Kate; Hutton, Andrew; Minto, Gary; Moor, Paul; Porter, Andrew; Struthers, Richard; Akotia, Niven; Belhaj, Alaa; Chang, Serene; Collantes, Enrique; Eigener, Katrin; Husband, Michael; Khan, Ahsun; Kong, Ming-Li; Jane McAlees, Eleanor; Macdonald, Neil; Niebrzegowska, Edyta; Parnell, Wendy; Smith, Amanda; Chhatwal, Ally; Jhingan, Smriti; Muswell, Richard; Poon, Yoyo; Singh, Nidhita; Stephens, Robert; Vasan, Robin; Waife, Nicola; Weda, Tahmina; Clarke, Adrian; Szakmany, Tamas; Fletcher, Simon; Rosbergen, Melissa; Blunt, Mark; Prince, Liz; Wong, Kate; Goldhill, David; Kumar, Ram; Stilwell, Sarah; Couper, Keith; Crooks, Neil; Gao-Smith, Fang; Melody, Teresa; Snaith, Catherine; Patel, Jaimin; Parekh, Dhruv; Yeung, Joyce; Loughnan, Bernadette; Moosajee, Vas; Rope, Tamsin; Edger, Lliam; Dawson, Julie; Hadfield, Daniel; Hopkins, Phil; Mcdonald, Lisa; Willars, Chris; Campbell, Gillian; Craig, Jayne; Smith, Andrew; Ladipo, Karleen; Lockwood, Geoff; Moreno, Juan; Ballington, Ruth; Hamandishe, Sibongilele; Rogerson, David; Cowman, Sarah; Hayden, Paul; Pinto, Nuno; Sandhar, Taj; Arawwawala, Dilshan; Brotherston, Lauren; Mitchell-Inwang, Christine; Walsh, Helena; Alagarsamy, Famila; Goon, Serena; Karcheva, Sylvia; Krepska, Amy; Mckinney, Brian; Patil, Vishal; Batchelor, Nicholas; Day, Christopher; Finch, Louise; Gibson, Charlie; Grayling, Matthew; Hubble, Sheena; Key, William; Knight, Thomas; Loosley, Alexander; Margetts, Paul; Stewart, Hannah; Bewley, Jeremy; Hurley, Katrina; Murphy, Ruth; Philpott, Catherine; Pollock, Kathryn; Sweet, Katie; Thomas, Matthew; Tucker, Katy; Windsor, David; Conway, Daniel; Gold, Steve; Quraishi, Tanviha; Cupitt, Jason; Baddeley, Sally; Brown, John David; Foo, Irwin; Mantle, Damien; Carvalho, Peter; Huddart, Sam; Kirk-Bayley, Justin; Smith, Rebecca; Milligan, Lisa; Poulose, Sonia; Sarkar, Som; Nolan, Jerry; Pedley, Emma; Padkin, Andrew; Pesian, Siamak; Rajamanickam, Satish; Ramkumar, Konnur; Thomas, Jerry; Crayford, Alison; Turner, Angus; Bottrill, Fiona; Webb, Stephen; Jhanji, Shaman; Maccallum, Niall; Wessels, Kate; Wigmore, Tim; Meikle, Alistair; Wilson, Stephen; White, Stuart; Bonnett, Andrew; Rushton, Andrew; Williams, Colin; Zuzan, Oliver; Hall, Andrew; Montgomery, Jane; Piggot, Ailie; Read, Richard; Stocker, Mary; Tamm, Tiina; Agarwal, Banwari; Ward, Stephen; Brown, Lucy; Joy, Manju; Venkatesh, Suresh; Hughes, Thomas; Mitchell-Inwang, Christine; Zsisku, Lajos; Roy, Alistair; Hooper, Victoria; Mouland, Johanna; Nightingale, Jeremy; Rose, Steve; Chiam, Patrick; Chohan, Harnita; Dickson, Chris; Gibb, Sarah; Higham, Charley; Harvey, Caroline; Janarthanan, Chandra; Jones, Laura; Kapoor, Avinash; Moll, Mark; Roberts, Louise; Saunders, David; Arnold, Glenn; Gibbs, Claire; Jhurgursing, Mhairi; Pierro, Dena; Pritchard, Frances; Doyle, Patrick; Templeton, Maie; Wilson, Robert; Zantua, Kim; Collyer, Thomas; Featherstone, James; Worton, Rachael; Bruce, Jean; Mcguigan, Kate; Price, Grant; Moreton, Sarah; Pulletz, Mark; Anderson, Helen; Baxter, Ian; Beckingsale, Alex; Callaghan, Mark; Datta, Ansu; Dawson, Jo; Gollogly, Jackit; Izod, Chris; Lobaz, Steve; Macfie, Caroline; Patel, Manju; Payne, Heather; Singh, Raj; Timms, Gemma; Mcleod, Shaun; O'Brian, Peter; Horner, Elspeth; Joshi, Vivekananda; Stuart-Smith, Karen; Seale, Tania; Bolger, Clare; Collins, Hannah; Ekins, Emma; Golder, Kim; Hawkins, Lesley; Jonas, Max; Linford, Karen; Wadams, Beverley; Beach, Madeleine; Vizcaychipi, Marcela; Jewsbury, William; Davies, Simon; Balaji, Packianathaswamy; Kangaraj, Muthuraj; Pissay, Nagesh; Smith, Neil; Gopalakrishnan, Senthilkumar; Mackinnon, John; Strandvik, Gustav; Francis, Ruth; Jennings, Adrian; Keating, Matthew; Kumar, Sajith; Leese, Sarah; Magee, Cliona; Pilsbury, Jane; Ralph, James; Riddington, David; Sachdeva, Rajneesh; Snelson, Catherine; Vasanth, Suresh; Wilde, Judith; Lavender, Beth; Lyons, Rachel; Watters, Malcolm; Adams, Tim; Dyer, Simon; Tindall, Lucy; Claxton, Andrew; Netke, Meenu; Akouds, Esam; Bates, Debrah; Gallagher, Heather; Hatton, Jonathan; Holroyd, William; Mitra, Atideb; Nurse, Trudy; Reed, Deborah; Desikan, Somi; Barber, Russell; Childs, Sophie; O'Carroll-Kuehn, Britta; Wyldbore, Mark; Al-Abdaly, Ayad; Amatya, Suman; Bhaskaran, Sherly; Chandan, Garud; Chaudhry, Suman; Chikungwa, Moses; Earnshaw, Greg; Grewal, Moni; Haque, Shamimul; Hawkins, John; Javaid, Ahmed; Jackson, Clare; Kamel, Miriam; Marla, Ruchira; Mculloch, Dori-Ann; Parker, Tom; Salib, Yussof; Saravanmuthu, Ramesh; Secker, Chris; Sockalingam, Siva; Taylor, Anne; Austine, Pauline; Kanade, Vrushali; Paal, Dora; Sam Mok, May Un; Burtenshaw, Andrew; Davis, Laura; Ellahee, Parvez; Freeman, David; Pierson, Richard; Wollaston, Julie; Karmarkar, Amara; Ball, Clare; Calton, Emily; Maxwell, Louise; Walker, Rachel; Bland, Martin; Bullock, Lynne; Harrison-Briggs, Donna; Hodge, Paul; Krige, Anton; Dempsey, Ged; Hammell, Claire; Loveridge, Robert; Parker, Robert; Snell, Jane; Wright, Carl; Baker, Andy; Barr, Katharine; Belcher, Alex; Bonnington, Sam; Bougeard, Anne-Marie; Fitzgerald, Emma; Ford, Rachael; Gillard, Chantal; Griffiths, Liz; Greenberg, Lizzie; Huber, Jonathan; Mathieu, Steve; Richardson, Neil; Tompsett, Laura; White, Nigel; Patel, Santosh; Corner, Victoria; Thomas, Richard; Trodd, Dawn; Wilson, Jennifer; Copley, Ed; Flutter, Laura; Hulme, Jonathan; Susarla, Jay; Thwaites, Alison; Jayasundera, Suraj; Mcafee, Sean; Chantler, Jonathan; Mckechnie, Stuart; Neely, Julia; Mouton, Ronelle; Scarth, Edward; Soar, Jasmeet; Buss, Joanne; Currie, Vicki; Sange, Mansoor; Kuttler, Anja; Power, Fiona; Alexander, David; Dunne, Kevin; Shinner, Guy; Black, Euan; Haldane, Grant; Kerr, Jennie; Saran, Taj; Ward, Geraldine; Jefferies, Fiona; Alexander, Peter; Royle, Alison; Nahla, Farid; Bowles, Tim; Gregory, Maggie; Ahern, Rebecca; Cartlidge, David; Craker, Lloyd; Thompson, Christopher; Bidd, Heena; Giles, Julian; Manser, Amanda; Parry, Gareth; Chan, Peter; Das, Dinesh; Fahmy, Nisreen; Higgins, David; Khader, Ahmed; Stone, Alex; Leonardi, Silvia; Rose, Oliver; Bright, Elizabeth; Ercole, Ari; Amir Rafi, Muhammed; Ramasamy, Radhika; Sheshgiri, Bengeri; Merrill, Colin; Page, Valerie; Walker, Elaine; Harris, Stephen; Hughes, Sarah; Morrison, Alan; Razouk, Khaled; Ayman, Mustafa; Jakeman, Alicia; Mowatt, Chris; Paananen, Sami. - In: THE LANCET. - ISSN 0140-6736. - 380:9847(2012), pp. 1059-1065. [10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61148-9]

Mortality after surgery in Europe: A 7 day cohort study

Bignami, Elena;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Background Clinical outcomes after major surgery are poorly described at the national level. Evidence of heterogeneity between hospitals and health-care systems suggests potential to improve care for patients but this potential remains unconfirmed. The European Surgical Outcomes Study was an international study designed to assess outcomes after non-cardiac surgery in Europe. Methods We did this 7 day cohort study between April 4 and April 11, 2011. We collected data describing consecutive patients aged 16 years and older undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery in 498 hospitals across 28 European nations. Patients were followed up for a maximum of 60 days. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcome measures were duration of hospital stay and admission to critical care. We used χ2and Fisher's exact tests to compare categorical variables and the t test or the Mann-Whitney U test to compare continuous variables. Significance was set at p<0 05. We constructed multilevel logistic regression models to adjust for the differences in mortality rates between countries. Findings We included 46 539 patients, of whom 1855 (4%) died before hospital discharge. 3599 (8%) patients were admitted to critical care after surgery with a median length of stay of 1 2 days (IQR 0 9-3 6). 1358 (73%) patients who died were not admitted to critical care at any stage after surgery. Crude mortality rates varied widely between countries (from 1 2% [95% CI 0 0-3 0] for Iceland to 21 5% [16 9-26 2] for Latvia). After adjustment for confounding variables, important differences remained between countries when compared with the UK, the country with the largest dataset (OR range from 0 44 [95% CI 0 19-1 05; p=0 06] for Finland to 6 92 [2 37-20 27; p=0 0004] for Poland). Interpretation The mortality rate for patients undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery was higher than anticipated. Variations in mortality between countries suggest the need for national and international strategies to improve care for this group of patients. Funding European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, European Society of Anaesthesiology.
Mortality after surgery in Europe: A 7 day cohort study / Pearse, Rupert; Moreno, Rui P.; Bauer, Peter; Pelosi, Paolo; Metnitz, Philipp; Spies, Claudia; Vallet, Benoit; Vincent, Jean-Louis; Hoeft, Andreas; Rhodes, Andrew; Fagnoul, David; van Obbergh, Luc; Al-Subaie, Nawaf; Arif, Fuhazia; Cashman, Jeremy; Cecconi, Maurizio; Edsell, Mark; Fossati, Nicoletta; Hammond, Sarah Jane; Hamilton, Mark; Lonsdale, Dagan; Moran, Carl; Rhodes, Andrew; Siegmueller, Claas; Velzeboer, Freya; Wong, Patrick; Awlakpui, Eli; Scheidemann, Mona; Wittmann, Maria; Damster, Sandrine; Golder, Kim; Hewson, Russell; Januszewska, Marta; Leva, Brigitte; Ramos, Vasco; Hoste, Eric; Huyghens, Luc; Jacobs, Rita; Van Mossevelde, Veerle; Opdenacker, Godelieve; Poelaert, Jan; Spapen, Herbert; Leleu, Kris; Rijckaert, Dirk; De Decker, Koen; Foubert, Luc; De Neve, Nikolaas; Biston, Patrick; Piagnerelli, Michael; Collin, Vincent; den Blauwen, Nadia; Clauwaert, Charlotte; De Crop, Luc; Hoste, Eric; Verbeke, An; Derumeaux, Pieter; Gardin, Christophe; Kindt, Sebastiaan; Louage, Sofie; Verhamme, Bruno; Druwé, Patrick; Lahaye, Ingrid; Rosseel, Francis; Rutsaert, Robert; Vanlinthout, Luc; De Kock, Marc; Forget, Patrice; Georges, Pascal; Grosu, Irina; Kahn, David; Lois, Fernande; Momeni, Mona; Pospiech, Audrey; Yemnga, Bernadette; Jadoul, Jean-Luc; Malbrain, Manu; Bosinceanu, Dana; Collard, Edith; Jorens, Philippe; Reyntiens, Dirk; Smitz, Carine; Vercauteren, Marcel; Goranović, Tatjana; Mazul-Sunko, Branka; Toplice, Krapinske; Oremuš, Krešimir; Bešlić, Gabrijela; Duzel, Viktor; Hauptman, Ada; Peremin, Sanja; Šribar, Andrej; Župčić, Miroslav; Brod, Slavonski; Mirković, Ivan; Šarić Bauer, Zlata; Belavić, Matija; Blažanin, Božidar; Katušin, Mirjana Lončarić; Brozović Krijan, Antonija; Mišković, Petar; Šimić-Korać, Nataša; Topić, Jasna; Žilić, Antonio; Žuni, Josip; Acan, Ivana; Adanić, Mirta; Ivanov, Nikola; Pavičić Šarić, Jadranka; Tomulić, Katarina; Visković, Nataša; Bošnjak, Silvana; Haršanji Drenjančevic, Ivana; Kristek, Gordana; Kvolik, Slavica; Markić, Stela; Stojanovic Rakipovic, Andreja; Katarina Tot, Ozana; Venzera-Azenic, Darija; Kalagac Fabris, Lada; Bačak-Kocman, Iva; Balenović, Igor; Bandić, Daniela; Judith Deutsch, Patricia Adrianne; Divjak, Loredana; Filipović, Ina Grčić; Gužvinec, Zvonka; Krznarić, Zrinka; Lončarić, Yvonne; Magaš, Jelena Vadlja; Mitrović, Marek; Okić, Marija; Pavlek, Mario; Ramov, Elza; Rezek, Karolina; Sekulić, Ante; Tomasevic, Boris; Mirić, Mirjana; Tomašević, Anita; Tomić Mahečić, Tina; Vrbanović, Vilena; Bobinac, Mirna; Božić, Alfred; Debelic, Danijela; Frkovic, Vedran; Batinica, Inga Mladić; Baranović, Senka; Gavranović, Željka; Kikec, Mirna; Maldini, Branka; Marić, Stela; Agnić, Ivan; Delić, Nikola; Dropulić, Nataša; Kljaković Gašpić, Toni; Ilić, Darko; Ivančev, Božena; Karanović, Nenad; Kuščević, Dorjan; Marović, Zlatko; Milić, Matija; Nevešćanin, Ana; Petković, Tatjana; Smoje, Mario; Brozović, Gordana; Goranović, Tatjana; Jelisavac, Milana; Matolić, Martina; Mazul-Sunko, Branka; Oberhofer, Dagmar; Marija Pavičić, Ana; Šakić, Kata; Delija Bozovic, Margarita; Kotorac Krecek, Zvjezdana; Krobot, Renata; Andabaka, Tatjana; Bratanić, Mislav; Dzepina, Orjana; Kraljev, Martina; Šeric, Julija; Šimurina, Tatjana; Grujić, Rosa; Nacevski-Bulaja, Biljana; Barižon, Mirna; Danira, Vrančić; Dražen, Bulaja; Dušanka, Kimer; Bašić Halužan, Marijana; Joško, Žaja; Katica, Roca; Labor, Magda; Grgurević Marinković, Tea; Mihovilčević, Danči; Marija, Bego; Srečko, Marinković; Vranković, Srdan; Kyprianou, Theodoros; Neophytou, Kyriakos; Cerny, Vladimir; Cvachovec, Karel; Belikova, Barbora; Drab, Michal; Hudacek, Kamil; Krikava, Ivo; Stourac, Petr; Zadrazilova, Katarina; Bicek, Vladimír; Brabcová, Milena; Klozová, Radka; Vajter, Jaromír; Vymazal, Tomáš; Toft, Palle; Blichfeldt, Louise; Dilling Hansen, Bo; Moller, Kirsten; Sylvest Nielsen, Jeppe; Frederiksen, Joachim; Dohn Andersen, Johnny; Peter Kühne, Jan; Leivdal, Siv; Stendell, Line; Simonsen, Martin; Konrad Zoltowski, Marcin; Salman Ali, Zahida; Freundlich, Morten; Pilypaite, Jurgita; Groes Clausen, Nicola; Toft, Palle; Thorup, Line; Hansen, Frank; Bestle, Morten; Steen Hansen, Christian; Afshari, Arash; Bastholm Bille, Anders; Lefort, Michele; Secher, Erik L.; Liboriussen, Lisbeth; Herodes, Veiko; Härma, Eve; Marvet, Kadri; Pool, Kristiina; Kallas, Pille; Mägi, Triinu-Kreete; Sütt, Jaan; Vijar, Kerli; Visk, Evelin; Vinnal, Mare; Ellermaa, Jaanus; Liibusk, Liia; Tikkerberi, Artur; Falk, Ilme; Mällo, Esta; Talving, Jaak; Pettilä, Ville; Hovilehto, Seppo; Kirsi, Anne; Mustola, Seppo; Tiainen, Pekka; Toivonen, Juhani; Dabnell, Sandra; Kaminski, Tadeusz; Sysimetsa, Anu; Kaukonen, Maija; Silvasti, Päivi; Vainio, Kaisa; Lund, Vesa; Sjövall, Sari; Saarinen, Kari; Viitanen, Matti; Ahonen, Tommi; Alaspää, Ari; Zittling, Ritva; Saarinen, Aarne; Moisander, Annette; Wagner, Bodo; Laru-Sompa, Raili; Elomaa, Esa; Lavonen, Leena; Nevantaus, Juha; Geier, Klaus; Kavasmaa, Tomi; Koorits, Ursula; Kubjas, Mare; Lauritsalo, Seppo; Ottelin, Lauri; Palve, Markki; Pynnönen, Jari; Rääbis, Inga; Saarelainen, Minna; Heikkilä, Tapani; Kontula, Timo; Lehtimäki, Markku; Liimatainen, Jari; Moilanen-Oikarinen, Mari; Pakarinen, Marika; Palanne, Riku; Seppänen, Hanna; Pulkkinen, Anni; Vääräniemi, Heikki; Koskenkari, Juha; Sälkiö, Sinikka; Vakkala, Merja; Koskue, Talvikki; Loisa, Pekka; Laitio, Ruut; Hautamäki, Raku; Koivisto, Simo-Pekka; Futier, Emmanuel; Lefrant, Jean-Yves; Leon, Alain; Bonnet, Francis; Marret, Emmanuel; Spielvogel, Catherine; Papageorgiou, Chryssa; Szymkiewicz, Olga; Tounou-Akue, Felix; Aubrun, Frederic; Bonnet, Aurélie; Gazon, Mathieu; Guiraud, Michel; Laurent, Virginie; Tachon, Guillaume; Demars, Nadège; Dumenil, Anne-Sylvie; Mercier, Frederic; Landais, Alain; Mentec, Herve; Bazin, Marie; Futier, Emmanuel; Gonnu, Sophie; Petit, Antoine; Albaladejo, Pierre; Almeras, Luc; Bataillard, Amélie; Rossi-Blancher, Marine; Yves Lefrant, Jean; Barthel, Florian; Hallel, Dan; Sbai, Hicham; Khalifeh, Pamela; Lidzborski, Lionel; Jully, Marion; Platon, Ecaterina; Pottecher, Julien; Baumgarten, Romain; Schultz, Christel; Elmiloudi, Fayçal; Lefebvre, Julie; Waton, Karen; Sprunck, Adrien; Steib, Annick; Thibaud, Adrien; Thuet, Vincent; Kieffer, Vianney; Dubois-Vallaud, Delphine; Jacob, Laurent; Becanne, Xavier; Cherfaoui, Salim; Gauzit, Remy; Godier, Anne; Lakhdari, Mourad; Samma, Charles; Bigeon, Jean-Yves; Burtin, Philippe; Halchini, Constantin; Lacroix, Magali; Pinna, Frederic; Barbes, Aurélie; Just, Bernard; Mateu, Philippe; Benayoun, Laurent; Berger, Philippe; Granier, Nathalie; Francois Perrigault, Pierre; Libert, Nicolas; De Rudnicki, Stephan; Merat, Stéphane; Bourdet, Benoit; Ferré, Fabrice; Minville, Vincent; Piriou, Vincent; Rague, Philippe; Wallet, Florent; Lebuffe, Gilles; Desbordes, Jacques; Robin, Emmanuel; Ichai, Carole; Orban, Jean-Christophe; Marx, Gernot; Sander, Michael; Gottschalk, André; Gottschalk, André; Piontek, André; Unterberg, Matthias; Hilpert, Justus; Kees, Martin; Triltsch, Andreas; Wiegand-Löhnert, Carola; Glöckner, Christiane; Hohn, Andreas; Rose, Elmar; Schröder, Stefan; Wiese, Oliver; Ramminger, Axel; Dresden, Carus; de Abreu, Marcelo Gama; Heller, Axel; Marx, Christine; Neidel, Julia; Goldmann, Anton; von Heymann, Christian; Laetsch, Beatrix; Maahs, Esther; Scholz, Lars; Frenzel, Dirk; Massarat, Kyros; Lenhart, Franz-Peter; Reichle, Florian; Rudlof, Kristina; Borchers, Friedrich; Buettner, Christoph; Schmutzler, Martin; Burgard, Gerald; Lucht, Alexander; Wagner, Jan; Pilge, Stefanie; Schneider, Gerhard; Untergehrer, Gisela; Bis, Beata; Krassler, Jens; Dittmann, Jan; Haberkorn, Jörg; Eberitsch, Jürgen; Eberitsch, Karola; Nippraschk, Thomas; Wepler, Ulrich; Engelen, Wolf-Christian; Nau, Carla; Scholler, Axel; Schüttler, Jürgen; Wintzheimer, Simone; Bloos, Frank; Braune, Anke; Fergen, Daniela; Ludewig, Katrin; Paxian, Markus; Reinhart, Konrad; Graf, Nikolaus; Schwarzkopf, Konrad; Berger, Katharina; Habicher, Marit; Kasperiunaite, Ruta; Savelsberg, Sabine; Krep, Henning; Reindl, Michael; Weber, Matthias; Bauer, Wolfgang; Bingold, Florian; Christ, Saskia; Friederich, Patrick; Kaviani, Reza; Auer, Patrick; Bonnländer, Georg; Drescher, Jürgen; Braun, Roland; Eichenauer, Tim; Kerner, John; Bierbaum, Kathrin; Brünner, Horst; Grond, Stefan; Perez-Platz, Ursula; Andresen, Bent; Linstedt, Ulf; Stegmann, Nils; Erkens, Uwe; Kopcke, Jens; Meyer, Andreas; Brestrich, Hartmut; Ernst, Sandra; Merkel, Stella; Krieger, Lena; Luers, Frank; Weyland, Andreas; Noeldge-Schomburg, Gabriele; Menckie, Thomas; Wasmund, Christina; Bredtmann, Ralph-Dieter; Erler, Ines; Raufhake, Carsten; Haumann, Christine; Möllemann, Angela; Oehmichen, Uwe; Sergejewa, Olga; Lehning, Brigitte; Czeslick, Elke; Geyer, Michaela; Malcharek, Michael; Sablotzki, Armin; Stier, Marina; Feld, Florian; Marx, Gernot; Rossaint, Rolf; Simon, Verena; Armaganidis, Apostolos; Koulenti, Despoina; Kotanidou, Anastasia; Nanas, Serafim; Papastylianou, Androula; Psevdi, Aikaterini; Stathopoulos, Anastasios; Voulas, Asklepieion; Kanna, Efthymia; Koutsikou, Anastasia; Moustaka, Alexandra; Chovas, Achilleas; Komnos, Apostolos; Zafiridis, Tilemachos; Franses, Josef; Lavrentieva, Athena; Koraki, Eleni; Katsenos, Chrysostomos; Flora Kasianidou, Maria; Nasopoulou, Pantelia; Spyropoulou, Eleni; Gousia, Chrysoula; Katsanoulas, Constantine; Lathyris, Dimitrios; Kyriazopoulos, George; Sfyras, Dimitrios; Tsirogianni, Athanasia; Armaganidis, Apostolos; Kostopanagiotou, Georgia; Koulenti, Despoina; Lignos, Mihail; Matsota, Paraskevi; Christopoulos, Christos; Mouratidou, Alexandra; Vrettou, Efstratia; Boufidis, Spyros; Moka, Eleni; Arnaoutoglou, Eleni; Koulouras, Vasileios; Nakos, George; Papathanakos, Georgios; Anthopoulos, Georgios; Choutas, Georgios; Karapanos, Dimitrios; Tzani, Vaso; Gkiokas, Georgios; Nastos, Konstantinos; Nikolakopoulos, Fotios; Dragoumanis, Christos; Nikitidis, Nikos; Pneumatikos, Ioannis; Theodorou, Vassiliki; Zacharouli, Danai; Kandi, Stella; Tasopoulos, Konstantinos; Arvaniti, Kostoula; Matamis, Dimitrios; Mplougoura, Eva; Petropoulou, Polixeni; Soumpasis, Ioannis; Amaniti, Ekaterini; Giannakou-Peftoulidou, Maria; Gkeka, Eleni; Soultati, Ioanna; Kokinou, Maria; Papatheodorou, Lambrini; Stafylaraki, Maria; Giasnetsova, Tatiana; Gritsi-Gerogianni, Nikoleta; Kydona, Christina; Kiskira, Olga; Koulentis, Ioannis; Apsokardos, Alexandros; Dimitropoulos, Konstantinos; Soldatou, Ourania; Nathanail, Christodoulos; Papazotos, Alexios; Tsakas, Pirros; Clouva-Molyvdas, Phyllis-Maria; Kolotoura, Athina; Sartzi, Monika; Papanikolaou, Spiros; Polakis, Pavlos; Karatzas, Stylianos; Kyparissi, Aikaterini; Papavasilopoulou, Theonymfi; Koukoubani, Triantafillia; Mastora, Evangelia; Spyropoulou-Pagdatoglou, Kyriaki; Nyktari, Vasileia; Malliotakis, Polychronis; Papaioannou, Alexandra; Bekos, Vasileios; Maragkou, Elisavet; Spring, Anna; Evagelatos, Stavros; Ioakeimidou, Aikaterini; Noulas, Nikos; Molnár, Zsolt; Csüllög, Emese; Elekes, Eniko; Molnár, Tamás; Katona, Zsuzsana; Kremer, Ildiko; Miko, Angela; Csomos, Akos; Galambos, Zsuzsanna; Szucs, Akos; Nyikos, Gyorgy; Szekeres, Gabor; Szabo, Ervin; Kranitz, Katalin; Simon, Melinda; Szigeti, Janos; Gaál, Emánuel; Havas, Attila; Ille, Alexandru; Bráz, Krisztina; Nagy, Geza; Sigurdsson, Gisli; Sigurbjörnsson, Fridrik T.; Sigurdsson, Gisli H.; Kárason, Sigurbergur; Edda Sigurdardottir, Elin; Blöndal, Ásbjörn; Gunnarsson, Björn; Westbrook, Andrew; Broderick, Alan; Hafeez, Parvaiz; Hanumanthaiah, Deepak; Brohan, Janette; O'Chroinin, Donal; Bailey, Kevin; Ramamoorthy, Karthik; Doyle, Yvonne; Freir, Noelle; O'Rourke, James; Jonson, Philip; Saeed, Sabir; Hayes, Ivan; Loughrey, John; Frohlich, Stephen; Mccauley, Nuala; Ryan, Donal; Fitzpatrick, Gerry; Kevin, Leo; Thomas, Jubil; Warde, Barry; Woolhead, Alan; Duggan, Michelle; Egan, Cara; Crowley, Seamus; Lebese, Soloman; Bergin, Anne; Westbrook, Andrew; Page, Rory; Collins, Daniel; Mckenny, Michael; Della Rocca, Giorgio; Grasso, Salvatore; Bresciani, Anna; Carmino, Livio; Ghelfi, Silvia; Lorenzelli, Laura; Teresa Novelli, Maria; Pescarmona, Chiara; Roasio, Agostino; Gatta, Alessandro; Nastasi, Mauro; Sanseverino, Manlio; Tinti, Carla; Bianchin, Andrea; Tormena, Maria; Franco, Antonio; Marini, Federica; Di Mauro, Piero; Rapido, Francesca; Tommasino, Concezione; Bellotti, Ferdinando; Boninsegna, Daniele; Castellani, Gianluca; Sances, Daniele; Spano, Gianluca; Tredici, Stefano; Vezzoli, Dario; Fucecchio, Igneo; Bacci, Alessandro; Coppini, Roberta; Dell'Unto, Sandro; Mori, Emanuele; Rosa Stanzani, Maria; Tosi, Monica; Collareta, Michele; Forfori, Francesco; Franchi, Matteo; Mancino, Giuseppe; Battistella, Massimo; Baricocchi, Elisa; Bona, Francesco; Debernardi, Felicino; Giacoletto, Gianmarco; Iacobellis, Antonio; Massucco, Paolo; Moselli, Nora; Muratore, Andrea; Palomba, Graziella; Sardo, Elena; De Simone, Michele; Suita, Luisa; Zocca, Edoardo; Bucci, Barbara; Della Corte, Francesco; Piciucco, Tiziana; Viarengo, Valeria; Bettelli, Gabriella; Cantarini, Eugenia; Giampieri, Marina; Tanfani, Alessandra; Recchia, Eugenio; Bignami, Elena; Bruno, Giovanna; Costagliola, Roberto; Gandolfi, Azzurra; Greco, Massimiliano; Lembo, Rosalba; Monti, Giacomo; Nicelli, Elisa; Pasculli, Nicola; Turi, Stefano; Della Rocca, Giorgio; Baroselli, Antonio; Brazzoni, Marcella; Buttazzoni, Mattia; Buttera, Stefania; Centonze, Carlo; Serena, Giovanni; Spagnesi, Lorenzo; Toretti, Ilaria; Vilardi, Anna; Zearo, Ester; Arpino, Ines; Baraldi, Sara; Guarnerio, Chiara; Molene, Vincenzo; Concetta Monea, Maria; Vaccarisi, Enrico; Vicari, Luigi; Albante, Alida; Aversano, Marco; Loiacono, Cinzia; Marandola, Maurizio; Fusari, Maurizio; Petrucci, Nicola; Galla, Amerigo; Mascia, Antonio; Primieri, Paolo; Di Noto, Anna; Gratarola, Angelo; Molin, Alessandro; Spagnolo, Luigi; Spena, Claudio; Calligaro, Plinio; Marchiotto, Simonetta; Merlini, Alberto; Pedrazzoli, Eleonora; Perina, Giulia; Visentin, Renea; Fumagalli, Roberto; Garbagnati, Andrea; Manetti, Bruna; Snaier, Chiara; Somaini, Marta; Farnia, Antonio; Nani, Roberto; Pierantonio, Novello; De Michele, Michele; Grasso, Salvatore; Gazzanelli, Sergio; Marandola, Maurizio; Pugliese, Francesco; Ruberto, Franco; Bergamini, Elena; Tassinati, Tania; Capuzzo, Maurizia; Cirillo, Vera; Tufano, Rosalba; Oggioni, Roberto; Parrini, Vieri; Brunori, Emanuela; Capone, Micaela; Carbone, Luigi; Corradetti, Francesco; Elisei, Daniele; Fiorentino, Stefano; Francesconi, Maurizio; Gattari, Diego; Gorgoglione, Maria; Lacobone, Emanuele; Minnucci, Francesco; Montironi, Claudio; Riccioni, Gianrenato; Tappata, Giuseppe; Zompanti, Valeria; Verdenelli, Paola; Cerutti, Elisabetta; Marco Ranieri, Vito; Golubovska, Iveta; Grigorjevs, Sergejs; Rikmane, Maija; Rozkalne, Daina; Stepanovs, Jevgenijs; Suba, Olegs; Golubovska, Iveta; Kazune, Sigita; Miscuk, Aleksej; Nemme, Janis; Oss, Peteris; Sipylaite, Jurate; Macas, Andrius; Ragaisis, Vytautas; Kontrimaviciute, Egle; Tomkute, Gabija; Boerma, Christiaan; Fleur Kramer, Irene; Poeze, Martijn; Maria, John; Pelzer, Gerardus; Winsser, Lex; Nijsten, Maarten; Schoorl, Michiel; Spanjersberg, Rob; Buhre, Wolfgang; Dieleman, Stefan; van Klei, Wilton; Bouw, Martijn; Pickkers, Peter; van der Marieke, A.; Schreiner, Frodo; Zandvliet, Ria; van den Berg, Roy; De Wit, Esther; Keijzer, Christaan; Hollmann, Markus; Preckel, Benedikt; van Acker, Gijs; Dennesen, Paul; Veld, Bas; Kuijpers-Visser, Agnes; Inan, T.; Koopman-van Gemert, A.; Ponssen, Huibert; Boerma, Christiaan; Brouwer, Tammo; Koopmans, Matty; van Bommel, Jasper; van Duijn, Ditty; van der Hoven, Ben; Ormskerk, Patricia; Beck, Oliver; Schiere, Sjouke; Reidinga, Auke; Venema, Allart; Hoogendoorn, Marga; Olthof, Kees; Flaatten, Hans; Jammer, Ib; Flaatten, Hans; Jammer, Ib; Dokka, Vegard; Arne Monsen, Svein; Marius Ytrebo, Lars; Noursadeghi, Mostafa; Shahzad, Ahmed; Dagfinn Boksasp, Ola; Roiss, Christoph; Frank Strietzel, Hans; Gina, Anne; Berntsen, Schie; Haugland, Helge; Ove Vingsnes, Svein; Axelsson, Patric; Risom Olsen, Thomas; Katre, Sanjay; Aakeroey, Kristin; Mikstacki, Adam; Tamowicz, Barbara; Boziłow, Dominika; Goch, Robert; Grabowski, Piotr; Kupisiak, Jacek; Małłek, Małgorzata; Szyca, Robert; Kostyrka, Włodzimierz; Choma, Robert; Jankowski, Grzegorz; Kościelniak, Władysław; Pietraszek, Paweł; Szarowar, Bartosz; Matos, Ricardo; França, Carlos; Pais Lacerda, António; Ormonde, Lucindo; Rosa, Rosário; Pereira, Inês; Vitor, Paula; Completo Bento, Henrique; Raquel Lopes, Maria; Carvalho, Marques; Faria, Manuela; Cláudia de Sousa, Ana; de Freitas, Pereira; Almeida, Eduardo; Mealha, Rui; Vicente, Rachel; Monte, Raquel; Rua, Fernando; Barros, Nelson; Esteves, Francisco; Gouveia Pinheiro, Célia Maria; Real, Vila; Miguel Oliveira, Vítor; Fátima Oliveira, Maria; Martins, Isabel; Pedro Saraiva, José; Pedro Assunção, José; Bártolo, Anabela; Carvalho, Anabela; Correia, Carlos; Martins, Salomé; Milheiro, Ruth; Diaz, Alejandro; Imelda Gonçalves, Maria; Ribeiro, Rosa; Estilita, Joana; Glória, Carlos; de Almeida, José; Barros, Filipa; Ramos, Armindo; Camara, Margarida; Richard Maul, Edward; Nobrega, Julio; Langner, Anuscka; Faria Maia, Dionísio; Afonso, Ofélia; Faria, Filomena; Serra, Sofia; Manuela Botelho, Maria; Ferreira, Pedro; Mourão, Luís; Vintém Oliveira, Ana; Resende, Margarida; Aleman, Miguel; Fonseca, Jorge; Isidoro, Marta; de Meneses, Helena; Pêgas, António; Pereira, José; Pereira, Luis; Ramos, Bárbara; Matos, Francisco; Matos, Ricardo; Gonçalves Castro, Maria de Lurdes; Martins, Ana; Ramos, Cristina; de Sousa, Manuel; Bento, Luís; Botas, Conceição; Lopes, Vitor; Mendes, Rosa; Grigoras, Ioana; Blaj, Mihaela; Damian, Mihaela; Lupusoru, Andreea; Ristescu, Irina; Codreanu, Monica; Diaconescu, Ciresica; Nistor, Alina; Stanescu Stelian, Dorin; Streanga, Livia; Berneanu, Maria; Bordeianu, Cristina; Florenta, Calarasu; Iacob, Alina; Nicoleta Lupu, Mary; Mocanu, Iulian; Moraru, Coca; Meran, Carleta; Nicolae, Bacalbasa; Sandu, Madalina; Turcanu, Roxana; Epure, Florina; Grigore, Monica; Hotaranu, Cristina; Popescu, Nicoleta; Baban, Oleg; Baciu, Manuela; Ciobanu, Aurica; Ioan Denciu, Catalin; Gurau, Vitalie; Maftei, Ion; Moldovan, Ion; Ungureanu, Liviu; Bogdan, Prodan; Corneci, Dan; Dinu, Melania; Madalina, Dutu; Rely, Manolescu; Silvius, Negoita; Tomescu, Dana; Gabriela, Droc; Adrian Dinescu, Stelian; Calin, Mitre; Ionescu, Daniela; Margarit, Simona; Vasian, Horatiu; Albu, Corina; Balasa, Carmen; Cadrigati, Alina; Dragulescu, Dorian; Gavra, Loredana; Hentia, Ciprian; Macarie, Claudiu; Manescu, Mihaela; Nediglea, Ioan; Ocica, Dana; Ovidiu, Bedreag; Papurica, Marius; Plavat, Cosmin; Popa, Claudia; Ramneantu, Mihaela; Sandesc, Dorel; Sandici, Zoran; Sarandan, Mihaela; Belciu, Ioana; Tincu, Eugen; Ursu, Irina; Aignatoaie, Mariana; Huzuneanu, Mariana; Cocu, Simona; Hagau, Natalia; Ciubotaru, Roxana; Copotoiu, Sanda-Maria; Copotoiu, Ruxandra; Ioana, Ghitescu; Kovacs, Judit; Leonard, Azamfirei; Szederjesi, Ianos; Genoveva, Vanvu; Mosnegutu, Simona; Surbatovic, Maja; Djordjevic, Dragan; Djordjevic, Biljana; Grujic, Krasimirka; Jovanovic, Dusko; Krstic-Lecic, Ivana; Obradovic, Jovana; Zeba, Snjezana; Jevdjic, Jasna; Miletic, Milos; Zunic, Filip; Bulasevic, Aleksandra; Brko, Radoslava; Gazibegovic, Narcisa; Kendrisic, Mirjana; Vojinovic, Radisa; Firment, Jozef; Zahorec, Roman; Capková, Judita; Firment, Jozef; Grochova, Monika; Trenkler, Stefan; Griger, Martin; Zahorec, Roman; Bakosova, Erika; Kvasnica, Martin; Saniova, Beata; Sulaj, Miroslav; Zacharovska, Andrea; Simkova, Alexandra; Číková, Andrea; Gebhardtova, Andrea; Hanuljaková, Slávka; Koutun, Juraj; Martonová, Andrea; Žilinčárová, Veronika; Galkova, Katarína; Krbila, Stefan; Sobona, Viliam; Ocenasova, Marieta; Novak-Jankovic, Vesna; Novak-Jankovic, Vesna; Stecher, Adela; Stivan, Feri; Grynyuk, Andriy; Damjanovska, Marija; Kostadinov, Ivan; Knezevic, Mile; Malivojevic, Marko; Borovsak, Zvonko; Kamenik, Mirt; Mekiš, Dušan; Osojnik, Irena; Kosec, Lučka; Ostojič Kapš, Silva; Aleksic, Dragoslav; Gerjevič, Božena; Kalan, Katja; Ursic, Tomaz; Aldecoa, Cesar; Montejo González, Juan; Artigas, Anna; Garcia, Andres; Lisi, Alberto; Perez, Isabel; Perez, Gisela; Poch, Nuria; Vaquer, Sergi; Balciscueta, Goiatz; Barrasa, Helena; Cabanes, Sara; Maynar, Javier; Poveda, Yolanda; Quintano Rodero, Amaia; Vallejo, Ana; Duque, Patrícia; Garcia-Bunger, Beatriz; Adoracion Elvira, Maria; María Lajara, Ana; Palencia, María; Ramos, Rafael; Saez Fernandez, Ana; Tirapu León, Juan; Iza López, Jaione; Yoldi Murillo, Francisco; Turumbay Ramirez, Eva; Unzué Rico, Patricia; Patricia, Marta; Vizcaíno, Martín; Bernat Álvarez, Maria José; Planas Real, Kenneth; Mas Serra, Arantxa; Aracil, Norma; Menendez Bodega, Begoña; Fernández García, Raquel; Álvarez García, Marivi; Gordon, Borja de la Quintana; Gutiérrez Jodrá, Alicia; De Santos López, Angela; Llavador Ros, Juan José; Ayala Soto, Rocío; Sepúlveda, Isabel; Pascual Díez, Esperanza; Fernández Fernández, Luisa; Soria Gulina, Carlos; Pérez Arviza, Laura; Fernandez, Lorena Mouriz; Río Gómez, Antía; Alonso Martínez, Concepción; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Ana Belén; Lopez Soto, Carmen; Aldecoa, Cesar; Garcia, Clara; Lorenzo, Mario; Pinilla, Elena; Rico, Jesus; Ruperez, Irene; Alonso, Eduardo; Leira, Fernando; Emilio Maseda, David Pestaña; Royo, Concepcion; Villagran, Jose; Murillo Candi, Giralt; Eduardo Esteva, Garcia; Mansilla Folgado, Raquel; Joan Fornaguera, Nadal; Calonge Montse, Pijoan; Sape Prat, Anna; Sintes, Dolores; Arteta Arteta, Donaldo; García Delgado, Horacio; Fajardo López-Cuervo, Juan; López, Mikel Celaya; Ramírez, Alejandro; José Saldaña, Francisco; Aliste, Pilar; Hermira Anchuelo, Ana; García Campos, Ascensión; Catalán, Mercedes; García Gómez, Mónica; Gonzalez Gonzalaez, Olga; López López, Eloísa; Real Navacerrada, Isabel; de Quevedo, Sara Arlanzón; Gonzalez Serrano, Matilde; Silvestre, Francisco Perez-Cerdá; Martinez Torrente, Francisco; Arocas, Blanca; Pastor Martinez, Ernesto; Soro, Marina; Maroto, Fernando; Robledo Algarra, Ruth; Silla Aleixandre, Inés; Argente, Gemma Rodriguez; Lleó, Ana Broseta; Rubio, Antonio Vela; Vicente Sánchez, José Luis; Enríquez Valcárcel, Irene; Balust, Clara; Balust, Jaume; Borrat, Xavier; Jose Carretero, Maria; Gracia, Isabel; Matute, Purificacion; Mercadal, Jordi; Pujol, Roger; Tena, Beatriz; Ubre, Marta; Dorda Albalad, Dolores; Muñoz Alcaide, Concepción; Caballero, Jesus; Camps Cervantes, Angels; de Nadal Clanchet, Miriam; Montferrer Estruch, Nuria; Ballvé Ferrer, Mercè; Lacasta Fornells, Albert; Terrer Galera, Eduard; Garcia Martinez, Irene; Manrique Muñoz, Susana; Pelavski, Andres; Tormos Perez, Pilar; Gonzalez Posada, Miguel Angel; de Prat, Ivette Chocron; Rello, Jordi; García Serrano, Llum; Naya Sieiro, José Manuel; Silva, Lorena; Colomina Sole, Maria Jose; Biarnes Suñé, Alfons; Rochera Villach, Isabel; Gómez Herreras, José Ignacio; Poves, Rodrigo; Martinez Rafael, Beatriz; Martinez Almeida, Icier; Fernandez Collates, Angel; Jose Bartolomé, Maria; Cimadevilla, Bonifacio; González González, Antonio Manuel; Rabanal Llevot, Jose Manuel; de Terán Mira, Juan Carlos Diaz; González Molina, Begoña; Pardo, Sara; López Sánchez, Carlos; Williams, Monica; Zaldibar, Estibaliz; Muñoz Corsini, Lourdes; Rodríguez Fraile, José Ramón; de la Lastra, Maria; Kabiri Sacramento, Monir; López Saña, Francisco Javier; Trenado Ålvarez, Josep; Cantón Bulnes, Maria Luisa; Gándara Carrasco, Violeta; Crespo, Ma del Rocío Míguez; Narváez Cubillos, Diana; Laza Laza, Enrique; Pérez, Ma del Pino Heredia; Arenzana Seisdedos, Ángel; Fernández Torres, Bartolomé; Santos Ampuero, Marian; Chicot Llano, Marta; Mata, Esperanza; Munoz, Manuel; Orts, Mar; Planas, Antonio; Ramasco, Fernando; Roman, Carlos; Varela Durán, Marina; Fernandez, Sabela del Río; Sanduende Otero, Yolanda; Lopez Pineiro, Susana; Barreiro Pardal, Cristina; Fernández Alcantud, Jesús; Ayuso Antolinos, Mercedes; Barrios, Francisco; Collantes Casanova, Ana; Ruiz Castro, Manuel; Infantes Crespo, Beatriz; Lancha Felipe, Uzuri; Liceras Fuster, Marta; Sanz García, Máximo; Herrero Garrote, Begoña; Moreno Gonzalez, Ricardo; Montes Granero, Maria José; de la Guía, Carlos Lloreda; Chaves López, Raquel; de Frutos López, Santiago; Marco Martinez, Jose Javier; Garcia Mostaza, Angel; Jiménez Moreno, Antonio; Riquelme Osado, Irene; Bardina Pastor, Ana; Peña, Rosa; Rustarazo Pérez, Mónica; Aliaño Piña, María; Aranda Romero, Carlos; Rodríguez, Elena Rodríguez; Pedroviejo Sáez, Vicente; Safatle, Fernando; Hernández Salvan, Javier; Galán Sampedro, Mar; de la Torre, Patricia Alfaro; Pérez Toro, Jonatan; Lasa Unzúe, Crsitina; José Vargas, Maria; Garcia Bernal, David; Echevarria, Mercedes; Ubeda Iglesias, Alejandro; Loza, Ana; Rodriguez Morillo, Araceli; Diaz Serrano, Pedro; Barrientos Sevilla, Fernando Caba; Cacho, Elena; Calderón, Ricardo; Dufur, Mercedes; Marginet, Carolina; Monedero, Pablo; José Yepes, Maria; Rellán Alvarez, Luzdivina; Fernández Carballal, Francisca; Pensado Castiñeiras, Alberto; Dieguez García, Paula; Ramos López, Lorena; Rama Maceiras, Pablo; Martínez Puente, María Socorro; Rey Rilo, Maria Teresa; Trujillo Alonso, Ana Esther; Rodríguez Fernández, Sonia; Omaña García, Rafael; Pérez García, Aníbal; Bello Puentes, Rafael; Nunez Aguado, Domingo; Lopez Carballo, Carlos; Fernandez Fernandez, Ricardo; Toledo Presedo, Amadeo; de Rabago, Ricardo Bermejo Diaz; Rodriguez Velasco, Ana; Jiménez Capel, Yolanda; Fernández Cortés, Ana; Martínez García, Esther; Martinez Gimeno, Laura; Klamburg, Jordi; Castillo Omedas, Rosa; González Núñez, Miriam; Llubià Maristany, Clara; Moret Ruiz, Enrique; Artigas, Xavier; Castrillón, Sebastian; Espinosa, Nieves; Gomez-Caro, Ana M.; Illa, Susana; India, Inmaculada; Martín-Huerta, Beatriz; Moral, Victoria; Moreno, Marisa; Iglesias Fernández, Cristina; Fernández García, Violeta; Picatto Hernández, Pedro; Honrubia Checa, Angel Alberto; Salvatierra Diaz, David; Linero Noguera, Manuel; Pujol Varela, Ignacio; González Gallego, Miguel; Martínez García, Oscar; Ariño Irujo, José Javier; González Perrino, Carlos; Rey Picazo, Julio; López Timoneda, Francisco; Manzanero Arroyo, María; Albalá Blanco, Isabel; Martínez Borja, Marcos; Martín Burcio, Sara; Martinez Castro, Nilda; Puente Cerdeiriña, Aránzazu; de la Torre Concostrina, Marta; Viñas Cristina, Medrano; Dorado Díaz, Trinidad; Avellanosa Esteruelas, Juan; Ingelmo Ingelmo, Ildefonso; Duran Insuga, Paco; Claros Llamas, Elisabeth; Martín Lopez, Jose Juan; Beltran Martín, María; Elías Martín, Elena; Ureta Mesa, Eva; Loren Monterde, Manuela; Alonso Montoiro, Paloma; Gonzalez Móstoles, Maria Luisa; Velasco Olarte, Eva; Martínez Pérez, Adolfo; Domínguez Perez, Fernando; Serrano Romero, Ana; Parise Rous, Diego; Mané Ruiz, Nuria; Palomo Ruiz, Jose Angel; Ruigomez Saiz, Alvaro; Terol, Alvaro de la Vega; Candela Toha, Angel; Alvarez Utrera, Fernando; Alberdi, Fermín; Elósegui, Itxaso; García, Javier; Marco Garde, Pilar; Itziar Mintegui, Escudero; García Sáez, Iker; Salas, Estibaliz; Zabarte, Mercedes; Diaz-Boladeras, Rosa-Maria; Mora-Guevara, Emilio; Ferreras Zamora, Julia; Bonet, Alfons; Salo, Lidia; Salinas, Unai; Zaballos, Juan; Abella Alvarez, Ana; Jimenez Garrido, Carlos; Hita Roa, Juan Ramón; Gordo Vidal, Federico; Garcia-Egea, Jorge; Zamora Elson, Monica; Seron-Arbeloa, Carlos; Mendiola Asensio, Miguel Angel; Gastaldo Simeón, Rosa; Muñoz Alameda, Luis Enrique; Oeding Angulo, Guillermo; Aranzubia, Monserrat; Juan Arcas, Jose; Arevalo, Julian; Quesada Belvert, Belén; Pérez Calvo, César; Cremades, Marta; Crespo, Pascual; Cuarental, Ana; Del Olmo, Mercedes; Turrión Fernández, Pablo; Garcia Vega, José Luis Franqueza García Isabel; Herrera, Elena; Alcala Llorente, Miguel Angel; Martin Rabes, Cecilia; de Maeyer, Ana Gamo; Pérez Marquez, Manuel; López Mendoza, Diego; Milicua Muñoz, José María; Arias Martínez, Natividad; Santos Oviedo, Arnoldo; Benavent Garrigues, Pau; Alonso Íñigo, José; Tormo Ferrandiz, Sergi; Sanchez-Morcillo, Silvia; Lafuente Sánchez, Matilde; Marqués Parra, Asunción; Gomar Vidal, Sonia; Montoiro Allué, Raquel; Zalba Etayo, Begoña; Bustamante Rodriguez, Raquel; Martin Villen, Luis; Molla Jimenez, Cristina; de Zayas, Ricardo Salas; Dolera Moreno, Cristina; SanJose Pacheco, Fernando; Anton Pascual, Jose Luis; Tejera Gude, Fernando; Manteiga Riestra, Eva; Cota Delgado, Francisco; de la Torre Prados, Maria Victoria; Barrios, Javier; Cervera-Montes, Manuel; García-Sanz, Mercedes; García, Vicente; Sanmiguel, Guillermo; López Álvaro, Julian; Bornay Barrachima, Beatriz; Romero Bermejo, Francisco Jose; Martinez Garcia, Alberto Garcia Fernandez Pilar; Navarro Ramírez, Carolina; Gómez Ramos, Jorge; Angel Samaniego, Luis; Belenguer-Muncharaz, Alberto; Ferrándiz-Selles, Amparo; Mateu-Campos, Maria-Lidon; Domínguez, David; Espinosa, Elena; León, Teresa; Ojeda Betancor, Nazario; Garcia Cortes, Javier; Díaz Díaz, Juan José; Manzano Canalechevarria, Ana; Fores Novales, Beatriz; Garcia Peña, Jose Manuel; Rodriguez Delgado, Tomas; Santamaria Roquerio, Beatriz; Gomez Sainz, Juan Jose; Tebar Soto, Teresa; Chew, Michelle; Seeman-Lodding, Heléne; Dahm, Peter; Odenstedt Hergès, Helena; Lundborg, Christoffer; Seeman-Lodding, Heléne; Söndergaard, Sören; Rylander, Christian; Sari, Ferenc; Oscarsson Tibblin, Anna; Adolfsson, Anne; Klarin, Bengt; Schrey, Susann; Chew, Michelle; Merisson, Edyta; Rydén, Jörgen; Britt Divander, Mona; Hedin, Annika; Hedlund, Daniel; Axelsson Lindkvist, Mikael; Jawad, Monir; Layous, Lona; Wernerman, Jan; Björne, Håkan; Brattström, Olof; Olheden, Staffan; Oldner, Anders; Sellden, Eva; Walder, Bernhard; Wickboldt, Nadine; Wickboldt, Nadine; Rossi, Ariane; Steiner, Luzius; Djurdjevic, Mirjana; Lussmann, Roger; Geisen, Martin; Hofer, Christoph; Turina, Matthias; Grocott, Mike; Goldhill, David; Everett, Lynn; Harris, Katy; Wright, Maggie; Adams, David; Alderson, Lorraine; Baker, Julie; Christie, Iain; Ferguson, Colin; Hill, Matthew; Holmes, Kate; Hutton, Andrew; Minto, Gary; Moor, Paul; Porter, Andrew; Struthers, Richard; Akotia, Niven; Belhaj, Alaa; Chang, Serene; Collantes, Enrique; Eigener, Katrin; Husband, Michael; Khan, Ahsun; Kong, Ming-Li; Jane McAlees, Eleanor; Macdonald, Neil; Niebrzegowska, Edyta; Parnell, Wendy; Smith, Amanda; Chhatwal, Ally; Jhingan, Smriti; Muswell, Richard; Poon, Yoyo; Singh, Nidhita; Stephens, Robert; Vasan, Robin; Waife, Nicola; Weda, Tahmina; Clarke, Adrian; Szakmany, Tamas; Fletcher, Simon; Rosbergen, Melissa; Blunt, Mark; Prince, Liz; Wong, Kate; Goldhill, David; Kumar, Ram; Stilwell, Sarah; Couper, Keith; Crooks, Neil; Gao-Smith, Fang; Melody, Teresa; Snaith, Catherine; Patel, Jaimin; Parekh, Dhruv; Yeung, Joyce; Loughnan, Bernadette; Moosajee, Vas; Rope, Tamsin; Edger, Lliam; Dawson, Julie; Hadfield, Daniel; Hopkins, Phil; Mcdonald, Lisa; Willars, Chris; Campbell, Gillian; Craig, Jayne; Smith, Andrew; Ladipo, Karleen; Lockwood, Geoff; Moreno, Juan; Ballington, Ruth; Hamandishe, Sibongilele; Rogerson, David; Cowman, Sarah; Hayden, Paul; Pinto, Nuno; Sandhar, Taj; Arawwawala, Dilshan; Brotherston, Lauren; Mitchell-Inwang, Christine; Walsh, Helena; Alagarsamy, Famila; Goon, Serena; Karcheva, Sylvia; Krepska, Amy; Mckinney, Brian; Patil, Vishal; Batchelor, Nicholas; Day, Christopher; Finch, Louise; Gibson, Charlie; Grayling, Matthew; Hubble, Sheena; Key, William; Knight, Thomas; Loosley, Alexander; Margetts, Paul; Stewart, Hannah; Bewley, Jeremy; Hurley, Katrina; Murphy, Ruth; Philpott, Catherine; Pollock, Kathryn; Sweet, Katie; Thomas, Matthew; Tucker, Katy; Windsor, David; Conway, Daniel; Gold, Steve; Quraishi, Tanviha; Cupitt, Jason; Baddeley, Sally; Brown, John David; Foo, Irwin; Mantle, Damien; Carvalho, Peter; Huddart, Sam; Kirk-Bayley, Justin; Smith, Rebecca; Milligan, Lisa; Poulose, Sonia; Sarkar, Som; Nolan, Jerry; Pedley, Emma; Padkin, Andrew; Pesian, Siamak; Rajamanickam, Satish; Ramkumar, Konnur; Thomas, Jerry; Crayford, Alison; Turner, Angus; Bottrill, Fiona; Webb, Stephen; Jhanji, Shaman; Maccallum, Niall; Wessels, Kate; Wigmore, Tim; Meikle, Alistair; Wilson, Stephen; White, Stuart; Bonnett, Andrew; Rushton, Andrew; Williams, Colin; Zuzan, Oliver; Hall, Andrew; Montgomery, Jane; Piggot, Ailie; Read, Richard; Stocker, Mary; Tamm, Tiina; Agarwal, Banwari; Ward, Stephen; Brown, Lucy; Joy, Manju; Venkatesh, Suresh; Hughes, Thomas; Mitchell-Inwang, Christine; Zsisku, Lajos; Roy, Alistair; Hooper, Victoria; Mouland, Johanna; Nightingale, Jeremy; Rose, Steve; Chiam, Patrick; Chohan, Harnita; Dickson, Chris; Gibb, Sarah; Higham, Charley; Harvey, Caroline; Janarthanan, Chandra; Jones, Laura; Kapoor, Avinash; Moll, Mark; Roberts, Louise; Saunders, David; Arnold, Glenn; Gibbs, Claire; Jhurgursing, Mhairi; Pierro, Dena; Pritchard, Frances; Doyle, Patrick; Templeton, Maie; Wilson, Robert; Zantua, Kim; Collyer, Thomas; Featherstone, James; Worton, Rachael; Bruce, Jean; Mcguigan, Kate; Price, Grant; Moreton, Sarah; Pulletz, Mark; Anderson, Helen; Baxter, Ian; Beckingsale, Alex; Callaghan, Mark; Datta, Ansu; Dawson, Jo; Gollogly, Jackit; Izod, Chris; Lobaz, Steve; Macfie, Caroline; Patel, Manju; Payne, Heather; Singh, Raj; Timms, Gemma; Mcleod, Shaun; O'Brian, Peter; Horner, Elspeth; Joshi, Vivekananda; Stuart-Smith, Karen; Seale, Tania; Bolger, Clare; Collins, Hannah; Ekins, Emma; Golder, Kim; Hawkins, Lesley; Jonas, Max; Linford, Karen; Wadams, Beverley; Beach, Madeleine; Vizcaychipi, Marcela; Jewsbury, William; Davies, Simon; Balaji, Packianathaswamy; Kangaraj, Muthuraj; Pissay, Nagesh; Smith, Neil; Gopalakrishnan, Senthilkumar; Mackinnon, John; Strandvik, Gustav; Francis, Ruth; Jennings, Adrian; Keating, Matthew; Kumar, Sajith; Leese, Sarah; Magee, Cliona; Pilsbury, Jane; Ralph, James; Riddington, David; Sachdeva, Rajneesh; Snelson, Catherine; Vasanth, Suresh; Wilde, Judith; Lavender, Beth; Lyons, Rachel; Watters, Malcolm; Adams, Tim; Dyer, Simon; Tindall, Lucy; Claxton, Andrew; Netke, Meenu; Akouds, Esam; Bates, Debrah; Gallagher, Heather; Hatton, Jonathan; Holroyd, William; Mitra, Atideb; Nurse, Trudy; Reed, Deborah; Desikan, Somi; Barber, Russell; Childs, Sophie; O'Carroll-Kuehn, Britta; Wyldbore, Mark; Al-Abdaly, Ayad; Amatya, Suman; Bhaskaran, Sherly; Chandan, Garud; Chaudhry, Suman; Chikungwa, Moses; Earnshaw, Greg; Grewal, Moni; Haque, Shamimul; Hawkins, John; Javaid, Ahmed; Jackson, Clare; Kamel, Miriam; Marla, Ruchira; Mculloch, Dori-Ann; Parker, Tom; Salib, Yussof; Saravanmuthu, Ramesh; Secker, Chris; Sockalingam, Siva; Taylor, Anne; Austine, Pauline; Kanade, Vrushali; Paal, Dora; Sam Mok, May Un; Burtenshaw, Andrew; Davis, Laura; Ellahee, Parvez; Freeman, David; Pierson, Richard; Wollaston, Julie; Karmarkar, Amara; Ball, Clare; Calton, Emily; Maxwell, Louise; Walker, Rachel; Bland, Martin; Bullock, Lynne; Harrison-Briggs, Donna; Hodge, Paul; Krige, Anton; Dempsey, Ged; Hammell, Claire; Loveridge, Robert; Parker, Robert; Snell, Jane; Wright, Carl; Baker, Andy; Barr, Katharine; Belcher, Alex; Bonnington, Sam; Bougeard, Anne-Marie; Fitzgerald, Emma; Ford, Rachael; Gillard, Chantal; Griffiths, Liz; Greenberg, Lizzie; Huber, Jonathan; Mathieu, Steve; Richardson, Neil; Tompsett, Laura; White, Nigel; Patel, Santosh; Corner, Victoria; Thomas, Richard; Trodd, Dawn; Wilson, Jennifer; Copley, Ed; Flutter, Laura; Hulme, Jonathan; Susarla, Jay; Thwaites, Alison; Jayasundera, Suraj; Mcafee, Sean; Chantler, Jonathan; Mckechnie, Stuart; Neely, Julia; Mouton, Ronelle; Scarth, Edward; Soar, Jasmeet; Buss, Joanne; Currie, Vicki; Sange, Mansoor; Kuttler, Anja; Power, Fiona; Alexander, David; Dunne, Kevin; Shinner, Guy; Black, Euan; Haldane, Grant; Kerr, Jennie; Saran, Taj; Ward, Geraldine; Jefferies, Fiona; Alexander, Peter; Royle, Alison; Nahla, Farid; Bowles, Tim; Gregory, Maggie; Ahern, Rebecca; Cartlidge, David; Craker, Lloyd; Thompson, Christopher; Bidd, Heena; Giles, Julian; Manser, Amanda; Parry, Gareth; Chan, Peter; Das, Dinesh; Fahmy, Nisreen; Higgins, David; Khader, Ahmed; Stone, Alex; Leonardi, Silvia; Rose, Oliver; Bright, Elizabeth; Ercole, Ari; Amir Rafi, Muhammed; Ramasamy, Radhika; Sheshgiri, Bengeri; Merrill, Colin; Page, Valerie; Walker, Elaine; Harris, Stephen; Hughes, Sarah; Morrison, Alan; Razouk, Khaled; Ayman, Mustafa; Jakeman, Alicia; Mowatt, Chris; Paananen, Sami. - In: THE LANCET. - ISSN 0140-6736. - 380:9847(2012), pp. 1059-1065. [10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61148-9]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2838857
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 817
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 793
social impact