The Field Synergy Principle is widely applied to the evaluation of the convective heat transfer mechanism. In fact, as highlighted in literature, the evaluation of the synergy between the velocity and the temperature gradient vectors could provide a better insight on the local convective heat transfer mechanism. In this paper, the field synergy approach is adopted to numerically investigate the fluid dynamic and thermal behaviour of a fully developed flow between parallel plates with asymmetric heating, when cylindrical inserts are present. To better evaluate the influence of the inserts on the convective heat transfer mechanism, different values of the insert diameter are considered, for a given pitch value. The numerical results in terms of Nusselt number point out that the convective heat transfer coefficient decreases as the insert diameter increases. The Field Synergy Principle allows to explain the cause of the convective heat transfer reduction identifying the regions in which the heat transfer mechanism is ineffective: the extent of these areas increases as the insert diameter increases.
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