This paper investigates the role played by geomorphological and tectonic processes affecting a portion of an active mountain belt in causing the occurrence of different types of landslides developed in flysch bedrock. The adopted multidisciplinary approach (geomorphology, geology and geophysics) allowed to recognize in a portion of the Northern Apennines of Italy different types of landslides that developed in response to slope dynamics, in turn dependent on broader regional-scale tectonic processes. Sedimentary bed attitude, local tectonic discontinuities and lithology only partially influenced the type of landslides, which have been deeply affected by the activity of regional-scale antiform that controlled the hillslope geomorphic evolution in different ways. The growth of this structure and the tilting of its forelimb produced gently dipping slopes that approached the threshold angle that can cause the occurrence of (mainly) translational rockslides. Conversely, high-angle normal faulting parallel to the antiform axis (related to a later stage of activity of the antiform itself) strongly controlled the stream network evolution and caused the watercourses to deeply incise portions of their valleys. This incision produced younger steep valley slopes and caused the development of complex landslides (roto-translational slides-earth/debris flow). The results of the integrated study presented in this paper allowed to distinguish two main types of landslides whose development reflects the events that led to the geomorphological and geological evolution of the area. In this perspective, within the study area, landslides can be regarded and used as indicators of broader-scale recent tectonic processes.

Landslides types controlled by tectonics-induced evolution of valley slopes (Northern Apennines, Italy) / Carlini, Mirko; Chelli, Alessandro; Francese, Roberto; Giacomelli, Serena; Giorgi, Massimo; Quagliarini, Andrea; Carpena, Andrea; Tellini, Claudio. - In: LANDSLIDES. - ISSN 1612-510X. - 15:2(2018), pp. 283-296. [10.1007/s10346-017-0871-2]

Landslides types controlled by tectonics-induced evolution of valley slopes (Northern Apennines, Italy)

CARLINI, Mirko;CHELLI, Alessandro
;
FRANCESE, Roberto;GIACOMELLI, Serena;QUAGLIARINI, Andrea;TELLINI, Claudio
2018

Abstract

This paper investigates the role played by geomorphological and tectonic processes affecting a portion of an active mountain belt in causing the occurrence of different types of landslides developed in flysch bedrock. The adopted multidisciplinary approach (geomorphology, geology and geophysics) allowed to recognize in a portion of the Northern Apennines of Italy different types of landslides that developed in response to slope dynamics, in turn dependent on broader regional-scale tectonic processes. Sedimentary bed attitude, local tectonic discontinuities and lithology only partially influenced the type of landslides, which have been deeply affected by the activity of regional-scale antiform that controlled the hillslope geomorphic evolution in different ways. The growth of this structure and the tilting of its forelimb produced gently dipping slopes that approached the threshold angle that can cause the occurrence of (mainly) translational rockslides. Conversely, high-angle normal faulting parallel to the antiform axis (related to a later stage of activity of the antiform itself) strongly controlled the stream network evolution and caused the watercourses to deeply incise portions of their valleys. This incision produced younger steep valley slopes and caused the development of complex landslides (roto-translational slides-earth/debris flow). The results of the integrated study presented in this paper allowed to distinguish two main types of landslides whose development reflects the events that led to the geomorphological and geological evolution of the area. In this perspective, within the study area, landslides can be regarded and used as indicators of broader-scale recent tectonic processes.
Landslides types controlled by tectonics-induced evolution of valley slopes (Northern Apennines, Italy) / Carlini, Mirko; Chelli, Alessandro; Francese, Roberto; Giacomelli, Serena; Giorgi, Massimo; Quagliarini, Andrea; Carpena, Andrea; Tellini, Claudio. - In: LANDSLIDES. - ISSN 1612-510X. - 15:2(2018), pp. 283-296. [10.1007/s10346-017-0871-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2838387
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