The Pituitary of the Alosa fallax nilotica consists of a pars distalis, a pars intermedia and a pars nervosa. The pars distalis is divided into rostral and proximal. The pars nervosa extends also into proximal pars distalis. The rostral pars distalis, on the contrary in primitive Teleostei, has organized into cellular cords defining cavities or intercommunicating follicles. These latter finish into the oral adenohypophysial duct, which don't open in pharyngeal cavity. The cords contain three cell types: the columnar cells LTH, TSH cells and basal cells not yet functionally determined. The cord cells are separated from follicle cavity by an one layer of flat degranulated cells. The LTH cell, the chief cell type, together the TSH and basal cells shows evident cytologic differences in organelles of synthesis and secretion during the various stages of the reproductive migration. Besides globular and baton-shape projections are underlined in the apical cytoplasm of LTH cells. These structure, extending into follicle cavity, seem to dispatch sensory function probably. The proximal pars distalis consists of compact cords of gonadotropic cells (particularly active during the stage of migration from rivers to the sea) with inserted orangiophilic cells (probably STH) and phloxine cells: these latter cells are chiefly arranged at the periphery and immunocytochemical positive for the antibodies against ACTH. The pars intermedia contains cord of ACTH cells, particularly manifest during the periods of transit from sea water to fresh water and on the contrary, they are characterized by positive-ACTH dense granules. On the ground of ultrastructural aspects of vesicles, the pars nervosa shows three types of nervous fibers which correlate with neurosecretory hypothalamus and catecholaminergic dopaminergic fibers. The Authors think of underlining particularly that the all cells of rostral pars distalis and chiefly the LTH cells are involved significantly in the regulation of reproduction and hydro-mineral metabolic equilibrium.

Struttura ed immunoistochimica dell'ipofisi di Alosa fallax nilotica durante il ciclo migratorio per la riproduzione / Grandi, D.; Arcari, M. L.; Azzali, G.. - In: ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE. - ISSN 0392-4203. - 64:3-4(1993), pp. 51-80.

Struttura ed immunoistochimica dell'ipofisi di Alosa fallax nilotica durante il ciclo migratorio per la riproduzione

Grandi, D.;Arcari, M. L.;Azzali, G.
1993-01-01

Abstract

The Pituitary of the Alosa fallax nilotica consists of a pars distalis, a pars intermedia and a pars nervosa. The pars distalis is divided into rostral and proximal. The pars nervosa extends also into proximal pars distalis. The rostral pars distalis, on the contrary in primitive Teleostei, has organized into cellular cords defining cavities or intercommunicating follicles. These latter finish into the oral adenohypophysial duct, which don't open in pharyngeal cavity. The cords contain three cell types: the columnar cells LTH, TSH cells and basal cells not yet functionally determined. The cord cells are separated from follicle cavity by an one layer of flat degranulated cells. The LTH cell, the chief cell type, together the TSH and basal cells shows evident cytologic differences in organelles of synthesis and secretion during the various stages of the reproductive migration. Besides globular and baton-shape projections are underlined in the apical cytoplasm of LTH cells. These structure, extending into follicle cavity, seem to dispatch sensory function probably. The proximal pars distalis consists of compact cords of gonadotropic cells (particularly active during the stage of migration from rivers to the sea) with inserted orangiophilic cells (probably STH) and phloxine cells: these latter cells are chiefly arranged at the periphery and immunocytochemical positive for the antibodies against ACTH. The pars intermedia contains cord of ACTH cells, particularly manifest during the periods of transit from sea water to fresh water and on the contrary, they are characterized by positive-ACTH dense granules. On the ground of ultrastructural aspects of vesicles, the pars nervosa shows three types of nervous fibers which correlate with neurosecretory hypothalamus and catecholaminergic dopaminergic fibers. The Authors think of underlining particularly that the all cells of rostral pars distalis and chiefly the LTH cells are involved significantly in the regulation of reproduction and hydro-mineral metabolic equilibrium.
Struttura ed immunoistochimica dell'ipofisi di Alosa fallax nilotica durante il ciclo migratorio per la riproduzione / Grandi, D.; Arcari, M. L.; Azzali, G.. - In: ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE. - ISSN 0392-4203. - 64:3-4(1993), pp. 51-80.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2838273
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