The discovery of magnetic bistability in Mn12 more than 20 years ago marked the birth of molecular magnetism, an extremely fertile interdisciplinary field and a powerful route to create tailored magnetic nanostructures. However, the difficulty to determine interactions in complex polycentric molecules often prevents their understanding. Mn12 is an outstanding example of this difficulty: although it is the forefather and most studied of all molecular nanomagnets, an unambiguous determination of even the leading magnetic exchange interactions is still lacking. Here we exploit four-dimensional inelastic neutron scattering to portray how individual spins fluctuate around the magnetic ground state, thus fixing the exchange couplings of Mn12 for the first time. Our results demonstrate the power of four-dimensional inelastic neutron scattering as an unrivaled tool to characterize magnetic clusters.
Magnetic Exchange Interactions in the Molecular Nanomagnet Mn12 / Chiesa, A.; Guidi, T.; Carretta, S.; Ansbro, S.; Timco, G. A.; Vitorica-Yrezabal, I.; Garlatti, E.; Amoretti, G.; Winpenny, R. E. P.; Santini, P.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 119:21(2017), p. 217202. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.217202]
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