We previously observed an association with Parkinson's (PD), and modification of the effect of smoking on PD, by a polymorphism of the monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) gene. The A form of monoamine oxidase (MAO-A) shares with MAO-B many characteristics that could be relevant to PD, especially proneuroxicant bioactivation and dopamine metabolism. MAO-A is also inhibited by tobacco smoke, which bears an apparent protective effect on PD. We investigated the possibility that MAO-A genetic variants may also be involved in predisposition to PD and in modification of the effect of smoking. Three-hundred and seventy-one subjects--145 idiopathic PD cases and 226 age/gender-matched controls--were genotyped for the EcoRV polymorphism of MAO-A gene which has been related to increased enzyme activity. MAO-A EcoRV polymorphism was neither significantly associated with PD nor did it modify the inverse relationship with smoking. These results suggest that the EcoRV polymorphism of MAO-A is not an important biomarker of PD risk.

The EcoRV genetic polymorphism of human monoamine oxidase type A is not associated with Parkinson's disease and does not modify the effect of smoking on Parkinson's disease / Costa-Mallen, P; Checkoway, H; Fishel, M; Cohen, A. W; Smith-Weller, T; Franklin, G. M; Swanson, P. D; Costa, L. G.. - In: NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS. - ISSN 0304-3940. - 278:1-2(2000), p. 33-6.

The EcoRV genetic polymorphism of human monoamine oxidase type A is not associated with Parkinson's disease and does not modify the effect of smoking on Parkinson's disease

Costa, L. G.
2000

Abstract

We previously observed an association with Parkinson's (PD), and modification of the effect of smoking on PD, by a polymorphism of the monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) gene. The A form of monoamine oxidase (MAO-A) shares with MAO-B many characteristics that could be relevant to PD, especially proneuroxicant bioactivation and dopamine metabolism. MAO-A is also inhibited by tobacco smoke, which bears an apparent protective effect on PD. We investigated the possibility that MAO-A genetic variants may also be involved in predisposition to PD and in modification of the effect of smoking. Three-hundred and seventy-one subjects--145 idiopathic PD cases and 226 age/gender-matched controls--were genotyped for the EcoRV polymorphism of MAO-A gene which has been related to increased enzyme activity. MAO-A EcoRV polymorphism was neither significantly associated with PD nor did it modify the inverse relationship with smoking. These results suggest that the EcoRV polymorphism of MAO-A is not an important biomarker of PD risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2837219
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