Serum paroxonase (PON1) is an esterase that is associated with high- density lipoprotein (HDLs) in the plasma; it is involved in the detoxification of organophosphate insecticides such as parathion and chlorpyrifos1-3. PON1 may also confer protection against coronary artery disease by destroying pro-inflammatory oxidized lipids present in oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDLs)4-8. To study the role of PON1 in vivo, we created PON1-knockout mice by gene targeting. Compared with their wild-type littermates, PON1-deficient mice were extremely sensitive to the toxic effects of chlorpyrifos oxon, the activated form of chlorpyrifos, and were more sensitive to chlorpyrifos itself. HDLs isolated from PON1-deficient mice were unable to prevent LDL oxidation in a co-cultured cell model of the artery wall, and both HDLs and LDLs isolated from PON1-knockout mice were more susceptible to oxidation by co-cultured cells than the lipoproteins from wild-type littermates. When feed on a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet, PON1- null mice were ore susceptible to atherosclerosis than their wild-type littermates.
Mice lacking serum paraoxonase are susceptible to organophosphate toxicity and atherosclerosis / Shih, Diana M.; Lingjie, Gu; Xia, Yu-Rong; Navab, Mohamad; Wan-Fen, Li; Hama, Susan; Castellani, Lawrence W.; Furlong, Clement E.; Costa, Lucio G.; Fogelman, Alan M.; Lusis, Aldons J.. - In: NATURE. - ISSN 0028-0836. - 394:6690(1998), pp. 284-287. [10.1038/28406]
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