A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) activity in platelets as a biomarker of effect of styrene and perchloroethylene exposures. MAO-B is an enzyme system involved in dopamine catabolism, the impairment of which has been postulated as a mechanism of styrene-induced neurotoxicity. We previously observed an inverse association between blood styrene and MAO-B among reinforced plastics manufacturing workers. The present study included 59 male boat plant workers exposed to styrene (exposure range < 1-144 ppm, 8-h TWA). Two comparison groups comprised six male dry cleaning workers exposed to perchloroethylene (PCE; exposure range < 2-37 ppm) and 14 male laundry workers not exposed to either agent. Respiratory protection was not used by any of the styrene- or PCE-exposed workers; thus, air concentrations were regarded as valid exposure indicators. MAO-B activity (pmol/10(8) cells/h) was measured in peripheral blood platelets, using phenylethylamine as substrate. Only small overall mean differences in MAO-B were observed among the three groups; mean values were 4.21, 4.51, and 4.12 for the styrene-exposed, PCE-exposed, and laundry workers, respectively. Despite the absence of gross differences among the groups, styrene exposure was inversely related to MAO-B. Mean values for four increasing exposure group quartiles were: 5.60, 4.13, 3.69, and 3.44. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient for styrene with MAO-B was -0.41. Adjustment for age, medication use, smoking, and alcohol consumption had only a minimal effect on this trend.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Platelet monoamine oxidase B activity in workers exposed to styrene / Checkoway, H; Echeverria, D; Moon, J. D; Heyer, N; Costa, L. G.. - In: INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. - ISSN 0340-0131. - 66:5(1994), p. 359-62.
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