Central and peripheral alpha 2-adrenoceptors, including those of the gastrointestinal tract, have been indicated as a toxicity target of formamidine pesticides in mammals. In this study, the inhibitory effect of chlordimeform on twitch contractions from electrically-stimulated longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparations (LMMPs) of the guinea-pig ileum was found to be resistant to the action of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist idazoxan. This drug was also ineffective on chlordimeform-induced inhibition of peristalsis recorded in whole ileal segments. As expected, idazoxan antagonized the inhibitory effect of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine on twitch contractions and peristaltic activity. Chlordimeform reduced the amplitude of direct mechanical responses to a variety of spasmogens such as acetylcholine, histamine and substance P, suggesting a muscular site of action. Moreover, Ca(2+)-free, K(+)-depolarized LMMPs, chlordimeform inhibited submaximal contractions caused by addition of exogenous calcium, through an action apparently similar to that of the Ca2+ entry blocker nifedipine. Both chlordimeform- and nifedipine-induced inhibition of calcium contractions were reversed by the calcium channel activator BAY K 8644. This compound also partially prevented the inhibitory action of chlordimeform on peristaltic activity. On the whole, these results indicate that chlordimeform-induced depression of motor activity in the guinea-pig ileum is, at least in part, related to inhibition of transmembrane Ca2+ fluxes responsible for smooth muscle contraction.

Calcium entry blockade as a mechanism for chlordimeform-induced inhibition of motor activity in the isolated guinea-pig ileum / Candura, S. M; Marraccini, P; Costa, L. G; Manzo, L; Rossi, A; Coccini, T; Tonini, M.. - In: PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0901-9928. - 71:6(1992), p. 426-33.

Calcium entry blockade as a mechanism for chlordimeform-induced inhibition of motor activity in the isolated guinea-pig ileum

Costa, L. G;TONINI, Marcello
1992

Abstract

Central and peripheral alpha 2-adrenoceptors, including those of the gastrointestinal tract, have been indicated as a toxicity target of formamidine pesticides in mammals. In this study, the inhibitory effect of chlordimeform on twitch contractions from electrically-stimulated longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparations (LMMPs) of the guinea-pig ileum was found to be resistant to the action of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist idazoxan. This drug was also ineffective on chlordimeform-induced inhibition of peristalsis recorded in whole ileal segments. As expected, idazoxan antagonized the inhibitory effect of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine on twitch contractions and peristaltic activity. Chlordimeform reduced the amplitude of direct mechanical responses to a variety of spasmogens such as acetylcholine, histamine and substance P, suggesting a muscular site of action. Moreover, Ca(2+)-free, K(+)-depolarized LMMPs, chlordimeform inhibited submaximal contractions caused by addition of exogenous calcium, through an action apparently similar to that of the Ca2+ entry blocker nifedipine. Both chlordimeform- and nifedipine-induced inhibition of calcium contractions were reversed by the calcium channel activator BAY K 8644. This compound also partially prevented the inhibitory action of chlordimeform on peristaltic activity. On the whole, these results indicate that chlordimeform-induced depression of motor activity in the guinea-pig ileum is, at least in part, related to inhibition of transmembrane Ca2+ fluxes responsible for smooth muscle contraction.
Calcium entry blockade as a mechanism for chlordimeform-induced inhibition of motor activity in the isolated guinea-pig ileum / Candura, S. M; Marraccini, P; Costa, L. G; Manzo, L; Rossi, A; Coccini, T; Tonini, M.. - In: PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0901-9928. - 71:6(1992), p. 426-33.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2837126
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