Guanine nucleotide-, neurotransmitter-, and fluoride-stimulated accumulation of [3H]inositol phosphates ([3H]InsPs) was measured in [3H]inositol-labeled synaptoneurosomes from cerebral cortex of immature (7-day-old) and adult rats, in order to clarify the role of GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) in modulating phosphoinositide (PtdIns) metabolism during brain development. GTP(S) [Guanosine 5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate] time- and concentration-dependently stimulated PtdIns hydrolysis. Its effect was potentiated by full (carbachol, metacholine) and partial (oxotremorine) cholinergic agonists through activation of muscarinic receptors. The presence of deoxycholate was required to demonstrate agonist potentiation of the guanine nucleotide effect. The response to GTP(S) was higher in adult than in immature rats, while the effect of cholinergic agonists was similar at the two ages examined. At both ages, histamine potentiated the effect of GTP(S), while norepinephrine was ineffective. At both ages, guanosine 5'-O-(2-thio)diphosphate [GDP(S)] and pertussis toxin significantly decreased GTP(S)-induced [3H]InsPs formation. The phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), on the other hand, did not inhibit the guanine nucleotide response in synaptoneurosomes from immature rats. NaF mimicked the action of GTP(S) in stimulating PtdIns hydrolysis. Its effect was not affected by carbachol and was highly synergistic with that of AlCl3, according to the concept that fluoroaluminate (AlF4-) is the active stimulatory species. No quantitative differences were found in the response to these salts between immature and adult animals. These results provide evidence that, in both the immature and adult rat brain, neuroreceptor activation is coupled to PtdIns hydrolysis through modulatory G-proteins.

Guanine nucleotide- and muscarinic agonist-dependent phosphoinositide metabolism in synaptoneurosomes from cerebral cortex of immature rats / Candura, S. M; Castoldi, A. F; Manzo, L; Costa, L. G.. - In: NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0364-3190. - 17:11(1992), p. 1133-41.

Guanine nucleotide- and muscarinic agonist-dependent phosphoinositide metabolism in synaptoneurosomes from cerebral cortex of immature rats

Costa, L. G.
1992-01-01

Abstract

Guanine nucleotide-, neurotransmitter-, and fluoride-stimulated accumulation of [3H]inositol phosphates ([3H]InsPs) was measured in [3H]inositol-labeled synaptoneurosomes from cerebral cortex of immature (7-day-old) and adult rats, in order to clarify the role of GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) in modulating phosphoinositide (PtdIns) metabolism during brain development. GTP(S) [Guanosine 5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate] time- and concentration-dependently stimulated PtdIns hydrolysis. Its effect was potentiated by full (carbachol, metacholine) and partial (oxotremorine) cholinergic agonists through activation of muscarinic receptors. The presence of deoxycholate was required to demonstrate agonist potentiation of the guanine nucleotide effect. The response to GTP(S) was higher in adult than in immature rats, while the effect of cholinergic agonists was similar at the two ages examined. At both ages, histamine potentiated the effect of GTP(S), while norepinephrine was ineffective. At both ages, guanosine 5'-O-(2-thio)diphosphate [GDP(S)] and pertussis toxin significantly decreased GTP(S)-induced [3H]InsPs formation. The phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), on the other hand, did not inhibit the guanine nucleotide response in synaptoneurosomes from immature rats. NaF mimicked the action of GTP(S) in stimulating PtdIns hydrolysis. Its effect was not affected by carbachol and was highly synergistic with that of AlCl3, according to the concept that fluoroaluminate (AlF4-) is the active stimulatory species. No quantitative differences were found in the response to these salts between immature and adult animals. These results provide evidence that, in both the immature and adult rat brain, neuroreceptor activation is coupled to PtdIns hydrolysis through modulatory G-proteins.
Guanine nucleotide- and muscarinic agonist-dependent phosphoinositide metabolism in synaptoneurosomes from cerebral cortex of immature rats / Candura, S. M; Castoldi, A. F; Manzo, L; Costa, L. G.. - In: NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0364-3190. - 17:11(1992), p. 1133-41.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2837123
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