The absorption, distribution and excretion of the red azo dye carmoisine (Ext. D & C No. 10) was studied in male rats. [14C]Carmoisine was administered in a dose of 200 mg/kg (25 Î¼Ci) by gavage or in the same dose (200 mg/kg; 3 Î¼Ci) by intravenous injection, and radioactivity was measured in blood, tissue, faeces and urine at different times after dosing. After oral administration of the dye, no radioactivity was detected in the brain, adipose tissue, muscle, testes, spleen or lung, and recovery of the administered activity in faeces and urine was almost complete by 32 hr. The radioactivity profile of the blood indicated rapid but poor absorption of [14C]carmoisine, a maximum radioactivity content corresponding to 0Â·01% of the dose per ml of blood being reached within 10 min. The decay curve for14C radioactivity in the blood after iv injection of [14C]carmoisine indicated rapid distribution to the tissues and could be described in terms of a two-compartment mathematical model. The highest levels of radioactivity occurred in the gastro-intestinal tract and liver after the injection but after 24 hr no radioactivity was detectable in these or other tissues. All the radioactivity was recovered in the faeces and urine in the 24 hr following iv injection, the 79% of the dose present in faeces indicating active excretion of the dye and its metabolites in the bile and poor reabsorption from the intestine. The bioavailability of [14C]carmoisine, calculated from the blood-radioactivity curves after oral and iv administration, was less than 10%. Â© 1982 Pergamon Press Ltd.
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