Within the actinide and lanthanide co-extraction strategy, three rigidified diglycolamides, namely 2,6-bis (N-dodecyl-carboxamide)-4-oxo-4H-pyran (1), 2,6-bis-[N-(4-tert-butylphenyl)carboxamide]-4-oxo-4H-pyran (2), 2,6-bis[(N-docecyl-N-methyl)carboxamide]-4-methoxy-tetrahydro-pyran (3), were synthesized. Moreover, the effect of structural rigidification on Am(III) and Eu(III) extraction under different conditions was investigated. The carboxamide extractant 3 resembles the extracting behavior of N,N,N',N'-tetraoctyl diglycolamide (TODGA) in terms of efficiency and affinity within the lanthanide family, together with fast kinetics and satisfactory cation back-extraction. The presence of 1-octanol in the diluent mixture strongly affects the ligand stability. Moreover, despite the low extraction efficiency showed by 1 and 2, all the three ligands exhibit a higher affinity for Am with respect to TODGA, resulting in a lower lanthanide/Americium separation factor, of around 4 for ligand 3 and close to 1 for ligands 1 and 2.
Actinide-lanthanide co-extraction by rigidified diglycolamides / Macerata, Elena; Ossola, Annalisa; Panzeri, Walter; Giola, Marco; Faroldi, Federica; Tinonin, Dario Alberto; Mele, Andrea; Casnati, Alessandro; Mariani, Mario. - In: SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND ION EXCHANGE. - ISSN 0736-6299. - 36:1(2018), pp. 41-53. [10.1080/07366299.2017.1415670]
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