Constantine usually opposes, by means of his legislation, the sexual relationship between a free woman and a slave. The paper analyzes CTh. 4.12.3 which constitutes an exception. The emperor’s chancery modifies the senatus consultum Claudianum and creates an entirely new species of family, formed by an ingenua and by an imperial slave; the offspring will share the legal condition of the Latini Iuniani. The a. aims to ensure the efficiency of the imperial estates and the emperor’s control over his household. The constitution shows independence in lawmaking and a sound knowledge of classical Roman law.
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