Allergy to Hymenoptera (Apis mellifera, Vespula species, Polistes species, Vespa crabro) venom can be safely and effectively treated by venom immunotherapy (VIT), which in the 40 years since its introduction has been able to prevent reactions to stings, and to treatment as well, though systemic reactions, occasionally severe, are possible. Areas covered: We reviewed the recent literature on VIT by searching in PubMed for the terms 'venom immunotherapy' and 'Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy' to highlight the current status of VIT and the likely development in the coming years. Expert commentary: VIT, provided the correct choice of the venom and adequate venom preparations and maintenance doses are used, is a treatment of great value in preventing systemic reactions to Hymenoptera stings. A 5-year duration ensures a prolonged tolerance to stings following VIT discontinuation, unless patients suffer from mastocytosis. In fact, due to reports of fatal reactions after stopping VIT, patients with mastocytosis, or with very severe reactions to stings, need an indefinite duration of treatment.

Venom immunotherapy in patients with allergic reactions to insect stings / Incorvaia, Cristoforo; Mauro, Marina; Gritti, Bruna L; Makri, Eleni; Ridolo, Erminia. - In: EXPERT REVIEW OF CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1744-666X. - 14:1(2018), pp. 53-59. [10.1080/1744666X.2018.1413350]

Venom immunotherapy in patients with allergic reactions to insect stings

Ridolo, Erminia
2018

Abstract

Allergy to Hymenoptera (Apis mellifera, Vespula species, Polistes species, Vespa crabro) venom can be safely and effectively treated by venom immunotherapy (VIT), which in the 40 years since its introduction has been able to prevent reactions to stings, and to treatment as well, though systemic reactions, occasionally severe, are possible. Areas covered: We reviewed the recent literature on VIT by searching in PubMed for the terms 'venom immunotherapy' and 'Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy' to highlight the current status of VIT and the likely development in the coming years. Expert commentary: VIT, provided the correct choice of the venom and adequate venom preparations and maintenance doses are used, is a treatment of great value in preventing systemic reactions to Hymenoptera stings. A 5-year duration ensures a prolonged tolerance to stings following VIT discontinuation, unless patients suffer from mastocytosis. In fact, due to reports of fatal reactions after stopping VIT, patients with mastocytosis, or with very severe reactions to stings, need an indefinite duration of treatment.
Venom immunotherapy in patients with allergic reactions to insect stings / Incorvaia, Cristoforo; Mauro, Marina; Gritti, Bruna L; Makri, Eleni; Ridolo, Erminia. - In: EXPERT REVIEW OF CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1744-666X. - 14:1(2018), pp. 53-59. [10.1080/1744666X.2018.1413350]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2836163
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