Oxidative stress is hypothesized to be one of the main causes of the pathophysiologic alterations observed during impaired healing of wounds. In the present study, we aimed to measure systemic levels of free radicals in blood and anti-oxidant (AO) activity in the plasma of patients with chronic ulcers (venous stasis ulcers and arterial insufficiency ulcers) of lower extremities (CULEs). Oxidants and AO activity were measured in eighty-five consecutive patients with CVSUs of the lower extremities as they arrived randomly for routine visits to our ambulatory clinic. Values of oxidant and AO status in patients with CULEs were significantly different from normal. No significant differences in oxidant and AO values were found between patients with arterial ulcers or those with venous ulcers. A significant difference was found in AO values of diabetic patients with chronic venous ulcers compared with non-diabetic patients with chronic venous ulcers. No significant differences were observed when evaluating oxidant/AO values and smoking habits. Precise reasons why the association of diabetes and venous (but not arterial) ulcers was correlated with defective AO status in plasma are not known. Other data were also intriguing: diminished AO activity was observed in female patients, no significant differences in oxidant and values were found between patients with arterial ulcers or those with venous ulcers, no significant correlation was found between age and oxidant, as well as no significant differences were observed when evaluating oxidant/AO values and smoking habits.
Plasma Oxidative Stress in Patients With Chronic Vascular Cutaneous Ulcers / Raposio, Edoardo; Simonacci, Francesco; Gorni, Davide; Grieco, Michele Pio. - In: THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CLINICAL WOUND SPECIALISTS. - ISSN 2213-5103. - (2017). [10.1016/j.jccw.2017.02.001]
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