In gilts and sows, the summer-autumn period often is characterized by reduced fertility. Heat stress and long photoperiods during the warm season can cause a reduction in feed intake and an imbalance of the hypothalamic-hypophysial-ovarian axis. The increased variability in the interval between oestrus onset and ovulation results in an increased number of poorly timed inseminations. The altered endocrine activity compromises follicular and corpora luteal development, reduces oocyte quality and increases embryo mortality. This paper reviews current knowledge on the metabolic and endocrine mechanisms associated with seasonal infertility in gilts and sows and describes some pharmacological approaches that can be utilized to counter this infertility.

Seasonal infertility in gilts and sows: Aetiology, clinical implications and treatments / De Rensis, Fabio; Ziecik, Adam J.; Kirkwood, Roy N.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 96(2017), pp. 111-117. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.04.004]

Seasonal infertility in gilts and sows: Aetiology, clinical implications and treatments

DE RENSIS, Fabio
;
2017

Abstract

In gilts and sows, the summer-autumn period often is characterized by reduced fertility. Heat stress and long photoperiods during the warm season can cause a reduction in feed intake and an imbalance of the hypothalamic-hypophysial-ovarian axis. The increased variability in the interval between oestrus onset and ovulation results in an increased number of poorly timed inseminations. The altered endocrine activity compromises follicular and corpora luteal development, reduces oocyte quality and increases embryo mortality. This paper reviews current knowledge on the metabolic and endocrine mechanisms associated with seasonal infertility in gilts and sows and describes some pharmacological approaches that can be utilized to counter this infertility.
Seasonal infertility in gilts and sows: Aetiology, clinical implications and treatments / De Rensis, Fabio; Ziecik, Adam J.; Kirkwood, Roy N.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 96(2017), pp. 111-117. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.04.004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2832477
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