Laser cutting of lithium-ion battery electrodes has been shown to be a viable alternative to mechanical blanking for some specific electrode types, yielding similar cut quality and throughput but with decreased on-going costs due to lower maintenance requirements. The multitude of electrode chemistries within the lithium-ion classification, particularly with regards to the cathode, together with the sensitive nature of battery components such as the polymeric separator films and electrodes themselves, requires careful assessment of defects for each electrode type. In the present work, cutting of LiNiMnCoO2 (LNMC) coated aluminium cathodes and graphite coated copper anodes is performed at 100 mm/s with a 1064 nm pulsed fibre laser with 25 μm spot size, varying the pulse duration, energy and repetition rate over the ranges 4-200 ns, 8-935 μJ and 20-500 kHz, respectively. Process productivity is assessed in terms of the minimum cutting power at which complete electrode penetration takes place. A scanning electron microscope is utilised to assess upper coating layer clearance width and to determine the presence and dimensions of defects resulting from melting of the coating layers. Results are compared with previous cuts performed on LiFePO4 (LFP), with differences observed in the parameters leading to minimum average cutting power and optimum quality between cathode types. Laser pulse fluence in the range 35-40 J/cm2 with 30 ns pulse duration and 100 kHz repetition rate is found to lead to the highest cutting efficiency and quality for the LFP cathode, while 110-150 J/cm2 fluence with 200 ns pulse duration and 20 kHz repetition rate is instead found to be ideal for the LNMC cathode and for the anode. The present on-going study indicates relatively strong sensitivities to electrode composition and laser pulse fluence for cutting efficiency and quality.

Quality and Productivity Considerations for Laser Cutting of LiFePO4 and LiNiMnCoO2 Battery Electrodes / Lutey, Adrian H.A; Fortunato, Alessandro; Carmignato, Simone; Ascari, Alessandro; Liverani, Erica; Guerrini, Giacomo. - 42:(2016), pp. 433-438. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 18th CIRP Conference on Electro Physical and Chemical Machining, ISEM 2016 tenutosi a Ito International Research Center Conference, The University of Tokyo, jpn nel 2016 [10.1016/j.procir.2016.02.227].

Quality and Productivity Considerations for Laser Cutting of LiFePO4 and LiNiMnCoO2 Battery Electrodes

LUTEY, Adrian Hugh Alexander;CARMIGNATO, Simone;
2016

Abstract

Laser cutting of lithium-ion battery electrodes has been shown to be a viable alternative to mechanical blanking for some specific electrode types, yielding similar cut quality and throughput but with decreased on-going costs due to lower maintenance requirements. The multitude of electrode chemistries within the lithium-ion classification, particularly with regards to the cathode, together with the sensitive nature of battery components such as the polymeric separator films and electrodes themselves, requires careful assessment of defects for each electrode type. In the present work, cutting of LiNiMnCoO2 (LNMC) coated aluminium cathodes and graphite coated copper anodes is performed at 100 mm/s with a 1064 nm pulsed fibre laser with 25 μm spot size, varying the pulse duration, energy and repetition rate over the ranges 4-200 ns, 8-935 μJ and 20-500 kHz, respectively. Process productivity is assessed in terms of the minimum cutting power at which complete electrode penetration takes place. A scanning electron microscope is utilised to assess upper coating layer clearance width and to determine the presence and dimensions of defects resulting from melting of the coating layers. Results are compared with previous cuts performed on LiFePO4 (LFP), with differences observed in the parameters leading to minimum average cutting power and optimum quality between cathode types. Laser pulse fluence in the range 35-40 J/cm2 with 30 ns pulse duration and 100 kHz repetition rate is found to lead to the highest cutting efficiency and quality for the LFP cathode, while 110-150 J/cm2 fluence with 200 ns pulse duration and 20 kHz repetition rate is instead found to be ideal for the LNMC cathode and for the anode. The present on-going study indicates relatively strong sensitivities to electrode composition and laser pulse fluence for cutting efficiency and quality.
Quality and Productivity Considerations for Laser Cutting of LiFePO4 and LiNiMnCoO2 Battery Electrodes / Lutey, Adrian H.A; Fortunato, Alessandro; Carmignato, Simone; Ascari, Alessandro; Liverani, Erica; Guerrini, Giacomo. - 42:(2016), pp. 433-438. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 18th CIRP Conference on Electro Physical and Chemical Machining, ISEM 2016 tenutosi a Ito International Research Center Conference, The University of Tokyo, jpn nel 2016 [10.1016/j.procir.2016.02.227].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2823524
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