New antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs are urgently needed to battle drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains and to shorten the long treatment regimen. A series of isoxazole-based compounds, bearing a carboxy moiety at the C3 position, are highly potent and versatile anti-TB agents. Several members of this compound class exhibit submicromolar in vitro activity against replicating Mtb (R-TB) and thus comparable activity to the current first-line anti-TB drugs. Remarkably, certain compounds also show low micromolar activity in a model for nonreplicating Mtb (NRP-TB) phenotype, which is considered a key to shortening the current long treatment protocol. The series shows excellent selectivity towards Mtb and, in general, shows no cytotoxicity on Vero cells (IC 50's > 128 μM). Selected compounds retain their activity against isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RMP), and streptomycin (SM) resistant Mtb strains. The foregoing facts make derivatives of 3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid esters a promising anti-TB chemotype, and as such present attractive lead compounds for TB drug development. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Derivatives of 3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid esters - a potent and selective compound class against replicating and nonreplicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis / Lilienkampf, Annamaria; Pieroni, Marco; Franzblau, Scott G.; Bishai, William R.; Kozikowski, Alan P.. - In: CURRENT TOPICS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1568-0266. - 12:7(2012), pp. 729-734. [10.2174/156802612799984544]

Derivatives of 3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid esters - a potent and selective compound class against replicating and nonreplicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis

PIERONI, Marco;
2012

Abstract

New antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs are urgently needed to battle drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains and to shorten the long treatment regimen. A series of isoxazole-based compounds, bearing a carboxy moiety at the C3 position, are highly potent and versatile anti-TB agents. Several members of this compound class exhibit submicromolar in vitro activity against replicating Mtb (R-TB) and thus comparable activity to the current first-line anti-TB drugs. Remarkably, certain compounds also show low micromolar activity in a model for nonreplicating Mtb (NRP-TB) phenotype, which is considered a key to shortening the current long treatment protocol. The series shows excellent selectivity towards Mtb and, in general, shows no cytotoxicity on Vero cells (IC 50's > 128 μM). Selected compounds retain their activity against isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RMP), and streptomycin (SM) resistant Mtb strains. The foregoing facts make derivatives of 3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid esters a promising anti-TB chemotype, and as such present attractive lead compounds for TB drug development. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.
Derivatives of 3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid esters - a potent and selective compound class against replicating and nonreplicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis / Lilienkampf, Annamaria; Pieroni, Marco; Franzblau, Scott G.; Bishai, William R.; Kozikowski, Alan P.. - In: CURRENT TOPICS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1568-0266. - 12:7(2012), pp. 729-734. [10.2174/156802612799984544]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2822809
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