A collective chaotic phase with power law scaling of activity events is observed in a disordered mean field network of purely excitatory leaky integrate-and-fire neurons with short-term synaptic plasticity. The dynamical phase diagram exhibits two transitions from quasisynchronous and asynchronous regimes to the nontrivial, collective, bursty regime with avalanches. In the homogeneous case without disorder, the system synchronizes and the bursty behavior is reflected into a period doubling transition to chaos for a two dimensional discrete map. Numerical simulations show that the bursty chaotic phase with avalanches exhibits a spontaneous emergence of persistent time correlations and enhanced Kolmogorov complexity. Our analysis reveals a mechanism for the generation of irregular avalanches that emerges from the combination of disorder and deterministic underlying chaotic dynamics.

Chaos and Correlated Avalanches in Excitatory Neural Networks with Synaptic Plasticity / Pittorino, Fabrizio; Ibáñez Berganza, Miguel; DI VOLO, Matteo; Vezzani, Alessandro; Burioni, Raffaella. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 118:9(2017), pp. 098102-098106. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.098102]

Chaos and Correlated Avalanches in Excitatory Neural Networks with Synaptic Plasticity

PITTORINO, Fabrizio;DI VOLO, Matteo;VEZZANI, Alessandro;BURIONI, Raffaella
2017

Abstract

A collective chaotic phase with power law scaling of activity events is observed in a disordered mean field network of purely excitatory leaky integrate-and-fire neurons with short-term synaptic plasticity. The dynamical phase diagram exhibits two transitions from quasisynchronous and asynchronous regimes to the nontrivial, collective, bursty regime with avalanches. In the homogeneous case without disorder, the system synchronizes and the bursty behavior is reflected into a period doubling transition to chaos for a two dimensional discrete map. Numerical simulations show that the bursty chaotic phase with avalanches exhibits a spontaneous emergence of persistent time correlations and enhanced Kolmogorov complexity. Our analysis reveals a mechanism for the generation of irregular avalanches that emerges from the combination of disorder and deterministic underlying chaotic dynamics.
Chaos and Correlated Avalanches in Excitatory Neural Networks with Synaptic Plasticity / Pittorino, Fabrizio; Ibáñez Berganza, Miguel; DI VOLO, Matteo; Vezzani, Alessandro; Burioni, Raffaella. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 118:9(2017), pp. 098102-098106. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.098102]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2822726
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