Objective: The aim of this paper was to report early and midterm results of endovascular repair of urgent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by the off-the-shelf multibranched Zenith t-Branch endograft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind). Methods: Between January 2014 and April 2016, all patients with urgent TAAAs (asymptomatic with diameter >8 cm, symptomatic, or ruptured TAAAs) and aortoiliac anatomic feasibility underwent endovascular repair by t-Branch and were prospectively enrolled. Clinical, morphologic, intraoperative, and postoperative data were recorded. Follow-up was performed by duplex ultrasound, contrast-enhanced duplex ultrasound, and computed tomography angiography. Early end points were technical success (absence of type I or type III endoleak, loss of target visceral vessels [TVVs], conversion to open repair, or 24-hour mortality), spinal cord ischemia, and 30-day mortality. Follow-up end points were survival, TVV patency, type I or type III endoleaks, and freedom from reintervention. Results: Seventeen patients (male, 71%; age, 73 ± 6 years; American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3/4, 60%/40%) affected by type II (47%), III (29%), and IV (24%) TAAAs were enrolled. The indications for t-Branch were as follows: contained TAAA rupture, four (24%); symptomatic TAAA (pain or peripheral embolism), four (24%); and TAAA diameter ≥8 cm, nine (52%). The mean TAAA diameter was 80 ± 19 mm, with 63 TVVs. Fifteen patients (87%) needed adjunctive intraoperative procedures: 14 proximal thoracic endografts (thoracic endovascular aortic repair), 1 left carotid-subclavian bypass, 2 endovascular hypogastric branches, and 2 surgical iliac conduits. In four cases (24%), a significant malorientation (≥60 degrees) of the main body occurred during t-Branch deployment. Technical success was achieved in 14 cases (82%), with technical failures consisting of the loss of three renal arteries (TVV patency, 95%). Spinal cord ischemia occurred in one case (6%) with temporary paraparesis. The 30-day mortality was 6% (one patient with ruptured type II TAAA died on postoperative day 7 of respiratory failure). Renal function worsening occurred in four patients (25%), with one case requiring permanent hemodialysis. The mean follow-up was 11 ± 9 months. Survival at 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months was 94%, 82%, 82%, respectively. No TAAA-related mortality and TVV occlusion occurred in the follow-up. One type III endoleak was detected at 3 months and successfully treated. Freedom from reintervention at 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months was 88%, 82%, and 82%, respectively. Conclusions: The off-the-shelf multibranched endograft is a safe and effective therapeutic option for urgent total endovascular TAAA repair for which a custom-made endograft is not obtainable in due time. However, the complex anatomy of these aneurysms needs a number of adjunctive and complex intraoperative procedures to achieve a durable repair.
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