In the Northern Hemisphere, from June to September and in the Southern Hemisphere from December to March, there are periods of reduced fertility (sub-fertility) in dairy cows that are described as summer infertility. Several factors contribute to sub-fertility during this time, such as ambient temperature, humidity and photoperiod. During the warm season there is a reduction in feed intake that may compromise the energy balance of the cow and/or induce an imbalance in the activity of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal-ovarian axis. These factors reduce the reproductive performance of the cow and compromise the quality of oocytes, embryos and corpora lutea. This paper reviews current knowledge on the metabolic and endocrine mechanisms that induce summer infertility and describe their effects on follicle, oocyte and embryo development in dairy cows.

Causes of declining fertility in dairy cows during the warm season / DE RENSIS, Fabio; Lopez Gatius, F.; García Ispierto, I.; Morini, Giorgio; Scaramuzzi, R. J.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 91(2017), pp. 145-153. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.12.024]

Causes of declining fertility in dairy cows during the warm season

DE RENSIS, Fabio
;
MORINI, Giorgio;
2017

Abstract

In the Northern Hemisphere, from June to September and in the Southern Hemisphere from December to March, there are periods of reduced fertility (sub-fertility) in dairy cows that are described as summer infertility. Several factors contribute to sub-fertility during this time, such as ambient temperature, humidity and photoperiod. During the warm season there is a reduction in feed intake that may compromise the energy balance of the cow and/or induce an imbalance in the activity of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal-ovarian axis. These factors reduce the reproductive performance of the cow and compromise the quality of oocytes, embryos and corpora lutea. This paper reviews current knowledge on the metabolic and endocrine mechanisms that induce summer infertility and describe their effects on follicle, oocyte and embryo development in dairy cows.
Causes of declining fertility in dairy cows during the warm season / DE RENSIS, Fabio; Lopez Gatius, F.; García Ispierto, I.; Morini, Giorgio; Scaramuzzi, R. J.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 91(2017), pp. 145-153. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.12.024]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2821596
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