We consider a spinning test-body in circular motion around a nonrotating black hole and analyze different prescriptions for the body's dynamics. We compare, for the first time, the Mathisson-Papapetrou formalism under the Tulczyjew spin-supplementary-condition (SSC), the Pirani SSC and the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak SSC, and the spinning particle limit of the effective-one-body Hamiltonian of [Phys.~Rev.~D.90,~044018(2014)]. We analyze the four different dynamics in terms of the ISCO shifts and in terms of the coordinate invariant binding energies, separating higher-order spin contributions from spin-orbit contributions. The asymptotic gravitational wave fluxes produced by the spinning body are computed by solving the inhomogeneous $(2+1)D$ Teukolsky equation and contrasted for the different cases. For small orbital frequencies $\Omega$, all the prescriptions reduce to the same dynamics and the same radiation fluxes. For large frequencies, $x \equiv (M \Omega)^2/3 >0.1 $, where $M$ is the black hole mass, and especially for positive spins (aligned with orbital angular momentum) a significant disagreement between the different dynamics is observed. The ISCO shifts can differ up to a factor two for large positive spins; for the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak and the Pirani SSC the ISCO diverges around dimensionless spins $\sim0.52$ and $\sim0.94$ respectively. In the spin-orbit part of the energetics the deviation from the Hamiltonian dynamics is largest for the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak SSC; it exceeds $10\%$ for $x>0.17$. The Tulczyjew and the Pirani SSCs behave compatible across almost the whole spin and frequency range. Our results will have direct application in including spin effects to effective-one-body waveform models for circularized binaries in the extreme-mass-ratio limit.

Spinning test body orbiting around a Schwarzschild black hole: Circular dynamics and gravitational-wave fluxes / Harms, Enno; Lukes Gerakopoulos, Georgios; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Nagar, Alessandro. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 94:10(2016). [10.1103/PhysRevD.94.104010]

Spinning test body orbiting around a Schwarzschild black hole: Circular dynamics and gravitational-wave fluxes

BERNUZZI, Sebastiano;NAGAR, ALESSANDRO
2016-01-01

Abstract

We consider a spinning test-body in circular motion around a nonrotating black hole and analyze different prescriptions for the body's dynamics. We compare, for the first time, the Mathisson-Papapetrou formalism under the Tulczyjew spin-supplementary-condition (SSC), the Pirani SSC and the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak SSC, and the spinning particle limit of the effective-one-body Hamiltonian of [Phys.~Rev.~D.90,~044018(2014)]. We analyze the four different dynamics in terms of the ISCO shifts and in terms of the coordinate invariant binding energies, separating higher-order spin contributions from spin-orbit contributions. The asymptotic gravitational wave fluxes produced by the spinning body are computed by solving the inhomogeneous $(2+1)D$ Teukolsky equation and contrasted for the different cases. For small orbital frequencies $\Omega$, all the prescriptions reduce to the same dynamics and the same radiation fluxes. For large frequencies, $x \equiv (M \Omega)^2/3 >0.1 $, where $M$ is the black hole mass, and especially for positive spins (aligned with orbital angular momentum) a significant disagreement between the different dynamics is observed. The ISCO shifts can differ up to a factor two for large positive spins; for the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak and the Pirani SSC the ISCO diverges around dimensionless spins $\sim0.52$ and $\sim0.94$ respectively. In the spin-orbit part of the energetics the deviation from the Hamiltonian dynamics is largest for the Ohashi-Kyrian-Semerak SSC; it exceeds $10\%$ for $x>0.17$. The Tulczyjew and the Pirani SSCs behave compatible across almost the whole spin and frequency range. Our results will have direct application in including spin effects to effective-one-body waveform models for circularized binaries in the extreme-mass-ratio limit.
2016
Spinning test body orbiting around a Schwarzschild black hole: Circular dynamics and gravitational-wave fluxes / Harms, Enno; Lukes Gerakopoulos, Georgios; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Nagar, Alessandro. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 94:10(2016). [10.1103/PhysRevD.94.104010]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2817708
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