We present a new computation of the asymptotic gravitational wave energy fluxes emitted by a spinning particle in circular equatorial orbits about a Kerr black hole. The particle dynamics is computed in the pole-dipole approximation, solving the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations with the Tulczyjew spin-supplementary-condition. The fluxes are computed, for the first time, by solving the 2+1 Teukolsky equation in the time-domain using hyperboloidal and horizon-penetrating coordinates. Denoting by M the black hole mass and by μ the particle mass, we cover dimensionless background spins a/M=(0,±0.9) and dimensionless particle spins -0.9≤S/μ2≤+0.9. Our results span orbits of Boyer-Lindquist coordinate radii 4≤r/M≤30; notably, we investigate the strong-field regime, in some cases even beyond the last-stable-orbit. We compare our numerical results for the gravitational wave fluxes with the 2.5th order accurate post-Newtonian (PN) prediction obtained analytically by Tanaka et al. [Phys. Rev. D 54, 3762 (1996)]: we find an unambiguous trend of the PN-prediction toward the numerical results when r is large. At r/M=30 the fractional agreement between the full numerical flux, approximated as the sum over the modes m=1, 2, 3, and the PN prediction is 0.5% in all cases tested. This is close to our fractional numerical accuracy (∼0.2%). For smaller radii, the agreement between the 2.5PN prediction and the numerical result progressively deteriorates, as expected. Our numerical data will be essential to develop suitably resummed expressions of PN-analytical fluxes in order to improve their accuracy in the strong-field regime.
Asymptotic gravitational wave fluxes from a spinning particle in circular equatorial orbits around a rotating black hole / Harms, Enno; Lukes-Gerakopoulos, Georgios; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Nagar, Alessandro. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 93:4(2016). [10.1103/PhysRevD.93.044015]
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