Purpose: To assess the impact of chronic liver disease (CLD) on ICU-acquired pneumonia. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of the characteristics, microbiology, and outcomes of 343 consecutive patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia clustered according to the presence of CLD. Results: Sixty-seven (20 %) patients had CLD (67 % had liver cirrhosis, LC), MELD score 26 ± 9, 20 % Child-Pugh class C). They presented higher severity scores than patients without CLD both on admission to the ICU (APACHE II, LC 19 ± 6 vs. other CLD 18 ± 6 vs. no CLD 16 ± 6; p < 0.001; SOFA, 10 ± 3 vs. 8 ± 4 vs. 7 ± 3; p < 0.001) and at onset of pneumonia (APACHE II, 19 ± 6 vs. 17 ± 6 vs. 16 ± 5; p = 0.001; SOFA, 11 ± 4 vs. 9 ± 4 vs. 7 ± 3; p < 0.001). Levels of CRP were lower in patients with LC than in the other two groups (day 1, 6.5 [2.5-11.5] vs. 13 [6-23] vs. 15.5 [8-24], p < 0.001, day 3, 6 [3-12] vs. 16 [9-21] vs. 11 [5-20], p = 0.001); all the other biomarkers were higher in LC and other CLD patients. LC patients had higher 28- and 90-day mortality (63 vs. 28 %, p < 0.001; 72 vs. 38 %, p < 0.001, respectively) than non-CLD patients. Presence of LC was independently associated with decreased 28- and 90-day survival (95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.982-17.250; p = 0.001; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 2.915-20.699, p = 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: In critically ill patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia, CLD is associated with a more severe clinical presentation and poor clinical outcomes. Moreover, LC is independently associated with 28- and 90-day mortality. The results of this study are important for future trials focused on mortality. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM.

Impact of chronic liver disease in intensive care unit acquired pneumonia: A prospective study / Di Pasquale, Marta; Esperatti, Mariano; Crisafulli, Ernesto; Ferrer, Miquel; Bassi, Gianluigi Li; Rinaudo, Mariano; Escorsell, Angels; Fernandez, Javier; Mas, Antoni; Blasi, Francesco; Torres, Antoni. - In: INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 0342-4642. - 39:10(2013), pp. 1776-1784. [10.1007/s00134-013-3025-6]

Impact of chronic liver disease in intensive care unit acquired pneumonia: A prospective study

CRISAFULLI, Ernesto;
2013

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the impact of chronic liver disease (CLD) on ICU-acquired pneumonia. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of the characteristics, microbiology, and outcomes of 343 consecutive patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia clustered according to the presence of CLD. Results: Sixty-seven (20 %) patients had CLD (67 % had liver cirrhosis, LC), MELD score 26 ± 9, 20 % Child-Pugh class C). They presented higher severity scores than patients without CLD both on admission to the ICU (APACHE II, LC 19 ± 6 vs. other CLD 18 ± 6 vs. no CLD 16 ± 6; p < 0.001; SOFA, 10 ± 3 vs. 8 ± 4 vs. 7 ± 3; p < 0.001) and at onset of pneumonia (APACHE II, 19 ± 6 vs. 17 ± 6 vs. 16 ± 5; p = 0.001; SOFA, 11 ± 4 vs. 9 ± 4 vs. 7 ± 3; p < 0.001). Levels of CRP were lower in patients with LC than in the other two groups (day 1, 6.5 [2.5-11.5] vs. 13 [6-23] vs. 15.5 [8-24], p < 0.001, day 3, 6 [3-12] vs. 16 [9-21] vs. 11 [5-20], p = 0.001); all the other biomarkers were higher in LC and other CLD patients. LC patients had higher 28- and 90-day mortality (63 vs. 28 %, p < 0.001; 72 vs. 38 %, p < 0.001, respectively) than non-CLD patients. Presence of LC was independently associated with decreased 28- and 90-day survival (95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.982-17.250; p = 0.001; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 2.915-20.699, p = 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: In critically ill patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia, CLD is associated with a more severe clinical presentation and poor clinical outcomes. Moreover, LC is independently associated with 28- and 90-day mortality. The results of this study are important for future trials focused on mortality. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM.
Impact of chronic liver disease in intensive care unit acquired pneumonia: A prospective study / Di Pasquale, Marta; Esperatti, Mariano; Crisafulli, Ernesto; Ferrer, Miquel; Bassi, Gianluigi Li; Rinaudo, Mariano; Escorsell, Angels; Fernandez, Javier; Mas, Antoni; Blasi, Francesco; Torres, Antoni. - In: INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 0342-4642. - 39:10(2013), pp. 1776-1784. [10.1007/s00134-013-3025-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2813466
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