The present experiments were designed to test whether the onset of neural crest cell migration in the embryonic axolotl trunk is stimulated by surrounding tissues and their associated extracellular matrix (ECM). Tissue grafts, or embryonic ECM adsorbed in vivo onto inert "microcarriers" prepared from Nuclepore filters, were placed close to the premigratory neural crest cells, and the embryos were then incubated to a specific stage. The experiments were evaluated with light microscopy, SEM, and TEM. It was found that grafts from the dorsal epidermis were especially effective in locally stimulating inital neural crest cell migration in the region under the graft. The microcarrier experiments showed that the subepidermal ECM alone could initiate neural crest cell migration, implying that the ECM of the epidermal grafts was the stimulating factor. These results indicate that the premigratory neural crest cells along the trunk have migratory capability but that they need to be triggered from the environment, probably from the surrounding ECM, to start migration. It is proposed that ECM, as substrate for cell locomotion, initiates and regulates the onset of neural crest cell migration. © 1985.
Stimulation of initial neural crest cell migration in the axolotl embryo by tissue grafts and extracellular matrix transplanted on microcarriers / Löfberg, Jan; Nynäs-McCoy, Anita; Olsson, Christer; Jönsson, Lars; Perris, Roberto. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0012-1606. - 107:2(1985), pp. 442-459. [10.1016/0012-1606(85)90326-4]
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