Background: Our aim was to compare the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) and standard chest x-ray (CXR) for diagnosing pneumonia in older patients with acute respiratory symptoms (dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, and atypical chest pain) admitted to an acute-care geriatric ward. Methods: We enrolled 169 (80 M, 89 F) multimorbid patients aged 83.0 ± 9.2 years from January 1 to October 31, 2015. Each participant underwent CXR and bedside LUS within 6 hours from ward admission. LUS was performed by skilled clinicians, blinded to CXR results and clinical history. The final diagnosis (pneumonia vs no-pneumonia) was established by another clinician reviewing clinical and laboratory data independent of LUS results and possibly prescribing chest contrast-enhanced CT. Diagnostic parameters of CXR and LUS were compared with McNemar test on the whole cohort and after stratification for Rockwood Clinical Frailty Scale. Results: Diagnostic accuracy for pneumonia (96 patients) was significantly higher in LUS (0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.83-0.96) compared with CXR (0.67, 95%CI 0.60-0.74, P < 0.001). LUS had a better sensitivity (0.92, 95%CI 0.86-0.97 vs 0.47, 95%CI 0.37-0.57) and negative predictive value (0.95, 95% CI 0.83-0.96 vs 0.57, 95%CI 0.48-0.56). In those patients with frailty (n = 87 with Rockwood Clinical Frailty Scale ≥5), LUS maintained a high diagnostic accuracy, but CXR did not (P = 0.0003). Interobserver agreement for LUS, calculated in a subsample of 29 patients, was high (k = 0.90). Conclusions: In multimorbid patients admitted to an acute geriatric ward, LUS was more accurate than CXR for the diagnosis of pneumonia, particularly in those with frailty. A wider use of LUS should be implemented in this setting.

Lung ultrasound and chest x-ray for detecting pneumonia in an acute geriatric ward / Ticinesi, Andrea; Lauretani, Fulvio; Nouvenne, Antonio; Mori, Giulia; Chiussi, Giulia; Maggio, Marcello Giuseppe; Meschi, Tiziana. - In: MEDICINE. - ISSN 0025-7974. - 95:27(2016), p. e4153. [10.1097/MD.0000000000004153]

Lung ultrasound and chest x-ray for detecting pneumonia in an acute geriatric ward

TICINESI, Andrea;LAURETANI, Fulvio;NOUVENNE, ANTONIO;MORI, Giulia;MAGGIO, Marcello Giuseppe;MESCHI, Tiziana
2016-01-01

Abstract

Background: Our aim was to compare the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) and standard chest x-ray (CXR) for diagnosing pneumonia in older patients with acute respiratory symptoms (dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, and atypical chest pain) admitted to an acute-care geriatric ward. Methods: We enrolled 169 (80 M, 89 F) multimorbid patients aged 83.0 ± 9.2 years from January 1 to October 31, 2015. Each participant underwent CXR and bedside LUS within 6 hours from ward admission. LUS was performed by skilled clinicians, blinded to CXR results and clinical history. The final diagnosis (pneumonia vs no-pneumonia) was established by another clinician reviewing clinical and laboratory data independent of LUS results and possibly prescribing chest contrast-enhanced CT. Diagnostic parameters of CXR and LUS were compared with McNemar test on the whole cohort and after stratification for Rockwood Clinical Frailty Scale. Results: Diagnostic accuracy for pneumonia (96 patients) was significantly higher in LUS (0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.83-0.96) compared with CXR (0.67, 95%CI 0.60-0.74, P < 0.001). LUS had a better sensitivity (0.92, 95%CI 0.86-0.97 vs 0.47, 95%CI 0.37-0.57) and negative predictive value (0.95, 95% CI 0.83-0.96 vs 0.57, 95%CI 0.48-0.56). In those patients with frailty (n = 87 with Rockwood Clinical Frailty Scale ≥5), LUS maintained a high diagnostic accuracy, but CXR did not (P = 0.0003). Interobserver agreement for LUS, calculated in a subsample of 29 patients, was high (k = 0.90). Conclusions: In multimorbid patients admitted to an acute geriatric ward, LUS was more accurate than CXR for the diagnosis of pneumonia, particularly in those with frailty. A wider use of LUS should be implemented in this setting.
2016
Lung ultrasound and chest x-ray for detecting pneumonia in an acute geriatric ward / Ticinesi, Andrea; Lauretani, Fulvio; Nouvenne, Antonio; Mori, Giulia; Chiussi, Giulia; Maggio, Marcello Giuseppe; Meschi, Tiziana. - In: MEDICINE. - ISSN 0025-7974. - 95:27(2016), p. e4153. [10.1097/MD.0000000000004153]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2812629
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